Class 4 Lecture Notes (Weber)
Class 4 Lecture Notes (Weber) POLC 2300
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Lauren Notetaker on Wednesday September 23, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to POLC 2300 at Tulane University taught by Professor Mark Vail in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 71 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Comparative Politics in Political Science at Tulane University.
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Date Created: 09/23/15
Class 4 Lecture Notes 1 Max Weber and the Speci city of Capitalism believed capitalism derived from religion more speci cally Calvanism productive forces of capitalism are NOT universal it is from a particular world viewreligion not an accident that it developed in North America calling the duty to give oneself over to work A Argument Protestant Ethic great work of literature written by Weber gt quot why western Europe and US Western Europe not much there at fringe of global civilization underdeveloped Western Europe stands apart because of Calvinist Protestantism provided a world view consistent with capitalist productivity gt quot argued that ideasconcepts drive political climate explanatory variables 11 Protestantism Capitalism Calvanism prioritizes individual personalindividual religious world beliefs free from control of Church people felt directly close with Gd responsibility to oneself Demystification of the world one engages individually not through Church rationalization a conceptual ordering of the world and individual tendency to think in logicalrational ways 39 world is knowledgeable calculable etc observable and logical 39 people should decide hoot live for themselves 39 very different than world view before the Enlightenment 39 means that society shouldn t be based on a hierarchy but rather rules to which all people know and can follow Calvanism says everyone can know Gd closely but also cannot escape outcome of life pre destination 39 rationality vs fear of eternal damnation gt drives work ethic theologically prohibited to selfindulge with earned money what to dow with money invest gt work gtmore production gtmore profit Calvanism grew with popularity productioninvestment transformed socialpolitical culture A Idea of Calling 39 comes from Martin Luther 39 Bible was for limited educated LatinSpeaking class individuals could not read participate until translation to vernacular people needed to believe not act work gt this mentality changed completely 39 idea of calling was accompanied by idea of Asceticism dedication to Gd Weber s argument is kind of individual not innate in nature but also culture 39 can t base on individuals because it was only certain timesplaces individuals believe gt collective outcome mutually reinforcing Weber s ideas are controversial but some are right religion is culture it s impact shapes all of life unit of analysis society not the individual MarX unlike Weber believed that time space insects led to individual thoughts Ending badly The Iron cage rationalization led to people forgetting religion and wanting more for themselves Definitions 1 Martin Luther Protestant Reformation corrected aw of Catholicism 2 Karl Marx father of Communism 3 Protestantism Christian faith scripture faith and belief 4 Rationalization replacement of traditionvalueemotion for national and calculated belief system thought processes The Callin the duty to work given by Gd Asceticism abstinence of world pleasures in order to pursue Gd s will 99
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