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This 28 page Class Notes was uploaded by Ezekiel Williamson on Wednesday September 23, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to PHTO110 at Drexel University taught by Staff in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 23 views. For similar materials see /class/212584/phto110-drexel-university in Photography at Drexel University.
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Date Created: 09/23/15
Camera Basics Holding the camera steady Memory cardbattery location Size of card 4 GB card will hold more pictures than a 1 GB card Image Quality Set camera to shoot on highest quality JPEG see Kodak s website or RAW White Balance set to auto Shooting Modes see Kodak s website Turning the flash off Websites for technical and compositional information httpwwwkodakcomeknecPaquuerier ihtmlpqIoath1 O468ampIOC1 localeen USamp requestid9508 Click on Digital Camera Controls and look at the digital camera modes and picture quality settings Explore other sections of the website on your own More Camera Info ISO low number means you need a lot of light higher number means you can work in a darker location but you ll see more noiseextraneous colors You can set it to auto ISO Exposure Compensation or to make the image look brighter or darker Autofocus vs manual focus with Auto Focus hold down shutter halfway to lock the focus then recompose shot Digital vs optical zoom Deleting Pictures Best way to delete ALL images off of the memory card is to reformat it You can also erase individual images you don t want DSLR advanced topics SLR and how it works Exposure is controlled by aperture shutter speed and ISO Aperture and depthof field Shutter speed and motion Bracket Histogram Metering modes such as evaluative averaging spot SLR single lens reflex what you see is what you get Aperture and DOF f2 f28 f4 f56 f8 f11 f16 f22 Deep depth of field such as f16 or f22 a lot is in focus from near to far Shallow depth of field such as f2 or f28 only a little is in focus 11 DOFratiois 12 Shutter speed and motion B 1 2 4 8 15 30 60 125 250 500 1000 Fast shutter speed freezes motion such as 250 500 1000 Slow shutter speed blurs motion such as 8 1530 Panning using a slow shutter and moving the camera with the ISO film speed the sensitivity of the image sensor or lm to light 50 100 200 400 800 1600 3200 the lower the ISO number less sensitive to light and less noise Law of Reciprocity Inverse relationship between aperture and shu erspeed Each full stop change in aperture or shutter speed or ISO either doubles the light or cuts it in half so you can have many equivalent exposures For example f8 at 125 f56 at 250 With digital photo it is better to slightly underexpose than overexpose 11 Bracket to take 3 exposures of same scene 1 at light meter reading 1 stop over exposed 1 stop under exposed Example LM f8 at 250 1 stop f56 at 250 1 stop f11 at 250 12 Summary of shooting modes Aperture Priority Your choose aperture it picks the best shutter speed Shutter Priority You choose shutter speed it picks the best aperture Manual You choose both aperture and shutter speed Program Full Auto Portrait Shallow Depth of Field Landscape Deep Depth of Field Night Portrait Flash w slow shutter speed to allow for ambient light Sports Fast Shutter Speed Beach Fill Flash to fill in shadows on face and big aperture for light Snow Same as beach Aquarium Turns off flash Self Portrait Longer Focal Length to avoid distortion of face Candle Same as Night Portrait Fireworks Medium shutter to freeze but not under expose Foliage Adjusts color usually more saturation Kids and Pets Quicker focus and fast shutter speed Histogram displays the distribution of tones in an image from black to white This histogram shows an almost perfect distribution of tones covering about a 4 stop dynamic range from deep shadows on the left to just short of bright highlights on the right This ts comfortably within the approximately 5 stop dynamic range capability of most digital imaging chips httpwwwluminouslandscapecom utorialsunderstandinqseriesunderstanding histogramsshtml Clipped Histograms quot 6 Here we see the same photograph taken with exposures about three and a half stops apart Both were at an aperture of f9 The one on the left was shot at 12000 sec and the one on the right at 1200 sec The histogram of the one at the left is bunched up at the dark end underexposed and the one on the right is bunched up at the light M n end I httpvaw seriesunderstandinghistogramsshtml Low key image l High key image Metering Modes Matrix or Multisegment tends to be most accurate Centerweighted favors the center of the scene Spot measures small area of light in center or scene only good if you want to meter off a particular objecttone for more info httpwwwbasicdiqitaIphotoqraphvcomaquideto exposuremeterinqmodeshtml 18 more info Single shot vs continuos shooting vs selftimer AE lock exposure lock AF lock focus lock depthof field preview button interchangeable lenses external flash hot shoe tripod socket UV filter to protect lens 9 Compositional Guidelines Focal Point area of interest the most important thing in the image Camera angle and point of view eye level bird s eye worm s eye Rule of thirdsdon t place focal point dead center place It at one of the Intersections represented by blue dots rule of thirds diagram Lighting a Quality of light direct diffused and directionaldiffused how harsh or soft the shadows are bDirection front side back top under high side Neil Leifer Muhammad AliCleveland Williams Houston TX Nov 1966 Steve McGurry Did Delhi India 1983 39 12 AnselAdams DunesOce Gelatin Silver Print mum Kama Cnbhks An df E REITESE 1 ark WEB Paul Strand Abstraction Porch Shadows Twin Lakes Connecticut 1916 Keep it simple stupid KISS Get close to your subject If your pictures aren t good enough you aren t close enough Robert Capa photojournalist For Further Information httpibrarvthinkquestorg11355htmlind exhtm Click on education and search the contents Pay particular attention to taking a picture and lighting sections httpdiqitaohotoqraohv schoolcomdiqitaIphotoqraphvtipsfor beginners