Powerinaneraofglobalization.pdf Government 344
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This 3 page One Day of Notes was uploaded by Nicolas Mai on Thursday September 18, 2014. The One Day of Notes belongs to Government 344 at a university taught by a professor in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 110 views.
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Date Created: 09/18/14
Power in an era of globalization RPAT Selectorate theory review The politics of hegemony o Hegemonic stability theory o Global public goods economics and security There are challenges from other states Anarchy no global security that looks like a global government No international 911 Legally its anarchy but there39s still an order with great powers power in uence from the top to the bottom Hegemonic theory the idea that states that are the most stable provide two public goods Free trade but also security Not for war necessarily but a stable relationship with great powers 9 no World wars The absence of a world war is a public good How do you convince less powerful countries that you are not going to use that power 9 Power building building institution Selectorate theory review Selectorate and winning coalition Every country in the world has a selectorate In that context leaders will get their support and can then stay in power Loyalty and disloyalty Countries with loyal and disloyal support Autocracies have loyal support In these countries there is loyal support Because the winning coalition gets paid off cash houses ministerial positions You lose that in an autocracy when you39re not in the winning coalition anymore In contrast in a democratic system the winning coalition is disloyal Because the average president stays about 4 and half years Why are they disloyal Why are they willing to choose someone else Because you don39t get cash if you vote for the new president But because the leader has to provide public goods You are probably happy when you can complain about the president The best way for the president to stay in power is the economy Democracy is institutionalized with disloyalty The leaders need to provide public goods Public and private goods The politics of hegemony The twin lessons of the interwar period Learning the mistakes 0 the last two wars 0 The failure of collective security In early stages of Iapan and Germany there was no coalition of power to stop The League of Nations condemned but Iapan and Germany just left the League of Nations The world stayed quiet when Germany invaded Europe Then Germany and the USSR agreed to invade Poland Absence of great power at the time at the end of the war some terms revive and get more effective 0 beggarthyneighbor economics The way the world responded to the Great Depression 1929 The response need to rise the prices cut down on foreign imports But trade is good the the economy and the leadership was under domestic pressure You can39t export when foreign countries don39t buy Countries want to prevent it from happening again If they fid not shut down te trade system we could have avoided it The 2008 crisis was brie y named a Great Depression again because of that So Had countries not engaged in this competitive position maybe that Nazis would not have been as attractive as they have been But there39s an issue it39s one to say that we want a trade system It39s something else to have countries follow the rules when they have domestic issues Same thing with collective security collective goods Global collective goods and the challenges of provision 0 Free riding The cost of providing an good are concentrated It means that collective security The point is that everything thinks that hey are under provided Because it is a collective problem Everyone has to do a little contribution Which is why you pay a tax Collective security the absence of world war people would rather have someone else bear this burden These days fighting ISIS Everyone agrees but no one wants to contribute But collective action problems get solved people pay their taxes The US did create an effective federal constitution There are two ways to see these problems getting solved punishment 0 the kgroup and selective incentives Hegemonice stability theory In return for bearing costs of 0 Free seas exchange 0 Providing security The US has the biggest navy is powerful There are powers that are not so powerful but who can still project power The US the British China France cooperate remarkably well in order to avoid wars Germany rearms in the 195039s but without the nuclear weapon It is about providing security to West Germany and Iapan 9 keep the power stable It39s about limiting the number of great powers to 5 But it39s expensive After the war a new system is built They get special benefits and take them or give them Hegemon gets extra incentives 0 Institutional in uence 0 Security prerogatives But power is also inherently threatening Such fears are justified You39ve got a nasty environment world Even with a country that is the post powerful in the world their level power is still threatening In return for providing security it must also constantly work to reassure smaller powers that it won39t attach them The fears are legitimate 9 France leaving NATO in 1966 So about having you own hands tight and showing the world your hands are tight Conclusion Hegemony and its discontents 0 Dominant powers provide stability 0 Challenged to show restraint 0 Must face threats to overturn the system Next week the politics of restraint and reassurance