Introduction To Ethics
Introduction To Ethics PHI 1600
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Dr. Dejuan Rosenbaum on Wednesday September 23, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to PHI 1600 at University of South Florida taught by Staff in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 31 views. For similar materials see /class/212694/phi-1600-university-of-south-florida in PHIL-Philosophy at University of South Florida.
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Date Created: 09/23/15
Introduction to Ethics Date June 292011 Lecture 2quot N 539quot F U1 6 Three different areas of Ethics Should we have guiding ideal What sort oflife is worth living What kind of lives can we chose How should we treat one another Value Theory What does it mean to lead a good life Investigation in what it is to lead a good life You should want to live a worthwhile life What does it mean to be worthwhile All about principles and goals Normative Ethics How should we act in real life situationsAddressing how we should act in real life situations What do I have to do or required to do morally or ethically in this situation All about actions Metaethics Thinking about ethics How do we figure out what principles and goal to pursue and how we should act Rationally sorting out different ethical concepts and theories We weigh each value theory so we can figure out what goal is the one to act upon Why bother with Ethics a Find deeper meaning Every decision or action you make should have a reason i We should understand those reasons Critically examine traditions Consider others You are the one who has to live your life Impacts me mainly Being able to judge what the right decision is Having good reasons for what you do Hedonism Belief that there is one intrinsic good happiness and pleasure a Intrinsic good A property ofbeing good is part of what it means to be something One side ofa dichotomy Always ends with because it makes me happy i Dichotomy a distinction with two alternatives Is love intrinsically good Hedonism doesn t go with this The why questions stop at when it says because it makes me happy Love could also be bad where it may only produce jealous Love is instrumental to happiness or it isn t helpful at all and it only harms 9 00 999 9 c AtaraXia tranquil enjoyment being content or state or enjoyment d Aponia Avoidance of pain e Epicurus The only intrinsic good was Aponia He thought that the one intrinsic good was avoiding pain Neither AtaraXia nor Aponia has anything to do with a sexual gratification Instrumental Good Aids in achieving intrinsic goods The questions because the big answer because it makes me happy Only things that work towards happiness A chain of reason that leads to happiness i Being financially set qqrn 7 Epicurus Wants to get rid of pain so he tries to get everyone to get rid of the fear of death We can t experience our own death s we shouldn t be afraid a As long as I can experience I m not dead b As long as I am dead I am not experiencing c Thus since death cannot be experienced there is no reason to fear death 8 Formula for an argument a Validity b Truth c Soundx Validity plus truth
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