Music in Your Life
Music in Your Life MUL 3012
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Ms. Kasandra Cummerata on Wednesday September 23, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to MUL 3012 at University of South Florida taught by Edward Williams in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 31 views. For similar materials see /class/212707/mul-3012-university-of-south-florida in Music Literature at University of South Florida.
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Date Created: 09/23/15
m N 5 9699 gt t D I O 39 N gt gt gt gt 0 kIIka N t gt O 00 l N N N FINAL EXAM MATERIAL 4 Properties of a musical tone or sound a Amplitude Timbre Duration and Fitch Construction of a staff a 5 lines 4 spaces with a Cleff key signature meter signature and then the notes begin H a u The Seasons an Oratorio and the Creation Mnultlwnlm39Ely39ahampSlt Paul A Poet s Love by Robert Schumann Example of a Song gcle roup of songs usually Lieden that are uni ed musically or through their texts Str avinskyzFirebird MonteverdezOrfeo Interval in music is the distance large or small between two notes The term dynamics in music refers to the loudness and softness of music Vocal ranges from highest to lowest Soprano mezzosoprano and alto short for contralto for female voices and tenor baritone and bass for males Sprechstimme Spoken Voice a new style in which the vocal melody is spoken rather than sung on exact pitches and in strict rhythm9Schoenberg PierrotLunaire No 18 Fugue reaching its nal cadence what two contrapuntal devices might you see a Stretto when all lines are telescoped one statement begins before the previous one is nished b In an organ fugue the note of the pedal is the dominant pedal has stronger pull to the tonic beneath stretto It is a minor fugue in the nal sonority approaching to be what color Maj or That adjustment of the 3ml from minor to major is called Picardi 3E The change from dominant to major tonic the third in the triad is the Picardi 3m Pizzicatozthe technique used by string players in plucking the strings The two colors of western music are major and minor Syncopation The special manipulation of rhythm in which composers will accent notes that are played between the prescribed metrical pulse or beat A common meter signature for quadruple meter is 44 Triple is 34 Compound duple is 68 Compound triple is 98 De ne transposition and modulation Transposition moves from one key to another key for the purpose of suiting the vocal range of the singer Modulation is the smooth and orderly transition from one key to another Seguencing The immediate repetition of the same musical motive of a phrase on a higher or lower pitch level Arpeggio a chordal sonority that is performed successively in a broken manner which is commonly used on a harp and piano Di atonic A scale that constists of both whole and half steps all half steps is Chromatic all whole is a whole scale Contrapuntal polvphonv the most complex and sophisticated polyphonic texture in western music the texture found in fugues A piece of music in ABAis Ternaryform N W N N W O m rrw J a39NN in U Lu 0 U l The largest and lowest pitched instrument in the woodwind Contra Bassoon String DoubleBass Brass Tuba 2 instruments of the woodwind choir of the orchestra that do not have double reeds are the Clarinet and Flute The 17 h century English composer whose original theme was borrowed for the Young Person 3 Guide is Purcell It ends in a Fugue which is the most sophisticated The 2 primary contributions of the Carolingian Renaissance to Western music at the end of thelate 8quot1 Century and at the beginning of theearly 9quot1 Century rst written evidence of evidence of 2 things Notationand Polvphony The 2 principle music sources in the temple of Jerusalem were Orchestra and the Levitical choir Notre Dame m g anlnMEarliest kind of polyphonic music which developed from the custom of adding voices above a plainchant they first ran parallel to in it at the interval of fifth or fourth and later moved more freelyillustrates the application of which principle in Western music a It serves as a Cantus Firm us quotFixed melody usually of very long notes o en based on a fragment of Gregorian Chant that served as the structural basis of a polyphonic composition particularly in the Renaissance solid foundation rm song The material in the tenor is borrowed from what repertoire Gregorian Chant Therefore if it is borrowed and put in the lowest sounding voice it s augmented and doesn t really sound like a chant Florida was rst discovered and colonized by Europeans in which century In the 16 h Century In the second half of which the composer of the PopeMarcelos Mass was active in Rome This composer s Palestrina equally great contemporary was Lasus Bassn continua Italian for quotcontinuous bass Also refers to performance group with a bass chordal instrument harpsichord organ and one bass melody instrument cello bassoon lasted from 16l0 1750and was represented on printed page as Fi Uuretl bass so you saw a baseline with Nu m hers under it which was represented by 2 musicians Harpsichordand Cello or Bassoon The kind of rapid vocal declamation in Baroque Opera in which the voice is only accompanied by Basso Continuo is called Recitative Solo vocal declamation that follows the in ections of the text often resulting in a disjunct vocal style found in opera cantata and oratorio Can be secco or accompagnato The most lyrical melodic singing in opera is Aria The group that created opera in Florence were the Florentine Cameratta Difference between Monophonv single voice Gregorian Chant and Monodvzsolo voice with basso continuo accompaniment In that portion of the late fugue that follows the exposition the contrapuntal device that states the subject backward if called Retrograde The contrapuntal device sometimes used to create tension at the end of the fugue is Stretto Cite 2 parallel differences that distinguish the two major genres of Baroque music in which Handel essayed in London a Name of Genre Opera Name of Genre Otereo i Classical heroes Biblical ii Solo voice Chorus W 00 4 N 4 LN 4 l 04 OO U 4 U W A Baroque concerto grosso pits a smaller group of instruments called Concertino against the Ri pieno The 3 most important Italian guitar makers Guarneri Amati Stradivarius The difference between absolute music and program music Proggam 1n usic is based on an extra musical ideamodel and can be a painting an event season visualgt the Seasons Absolute musiczis music for the sake of being musicgt theArt ofFugue Most important French composer of late Baroque was Rameau treatiselaw who wrote his treatise on harmony which codi ed the rules and procedures of Ton ality which lst emerged in the music of Corelli late 17 11 Century Cite the principle genres to which the composers can be traced Mozart Operas and Quintets Piano ConcertosBeethoven9Symphony String Quartet and Piano Sonatas The rst movements of Viennese classical multimovement works were most often cast in what form a Sonata Allegro contains 5 sections Slow Intro Exposition Development Recapitulation Coda In the music of the Romantic era two of the composers most important considerations were the creation of Atmosphere and Intensi cation of Musical Thought The 1st movements of Viennese Classical solo concertos contain Double Exposition and Cadenz a which are not present in the 1st movement of Classical Symphonies 2 of J S Bach s sons launched two distinctive streams of compositional emphasis among classical I 1 r composers9 CPE Bach s Haydn and Beethoven who of thematic material were Johan Christian Bach s successors who focused their attention on proliferation of melodic content were Mozart and Schubert Three common forms employed in the composition of German art songs or Lieder a Strophic can be Modi ed StrophicSong structure in which the same music is repeated with every stanza strophe of the poem b Ternary c Through Composed A large group of art songs that re ect a common theme Song Cycle Frederick Chopin was born in Poland he wrote Polarmaise and Mazurkas but spent his career in Paris London for Handel in the Baroque Era In Symphony Fantastique Berliossought to unify the ve movements of this work through the introduction of Fixed Idea in each movement during the course of this 5 movement work this device undergoes considerable thematic Transformation The medieval Gregorian Chant Dies Eeriethat appears in Dream of the Witches Sabbath is drawn from the sequence of the Roman Requiem Massthat became favorite motto theme of lm composers Explain how Wagner affects crescendo and decrescendo in the prelude to his opera It s a careful calculation of Character Pieces He adds softer instruments bit by bit he balances weight by adding instruments He starts with string then woodwind then trumpets which create a crescendo with just the instruments He intensi es musical thought Various short piano works like Nocturne all fall under the genre designation of Character Pieces UI 0 UI Ch UI l UI 0 mm r IG O N amp8 Unlike Lighter weight 3ml and 439h movements of Romantic movements of Symphonies by making the last movement heavier and more weighty he also switches them around In what respects does thediffer from the Viennese Classical composers Think Ego One Exposition Opening section In the fugue the first section in which the voices enter in turn with the subject In sonataallegro form the first section in which the major thematic material is stated and the CadenzaI which appears in places other than 439h and 539h movements it is written out Leading woman composer was Amy Chaney Beach The chorus how lovely is thy dwelling place is by Johannes Brahms It s presented as an anthem in the Johannes Brahms German Reguiem Impressionist composers employed the Chrom atic scale which lacked a strong pull toward the tonic Pentatonicscale is a 5note scale Whole scale is comprised of all whole notes Late 193911 Century French poets that composers sought t emulate are known as Sym bolist poets The Early 20 11 Century artists whose works are under primitivism are drawn from which regions N on western l2 tone method was the invention of which composer Schurenburg Arnold and is found in the works of his 2 01 school Berg and Vbrin The old school has Beethoven Haydn and Moz art Atonal music means without tonality or Pull to a Toniciit is tonicless Leading Hungarian composer of 20 11 Century was BalaBartark Essay Stylistic Periods Baroque Classical Romantic Compare and Contrast pg 229 amp pg 165
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