ANTH 1002 - Grinker
ANTH 1002 - Grinker
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Ellee Watson on Thursday September 18, 2014. The Class Notes belongs to a course at a university taught by a professor in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 58 views.
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Date Created: 09/18/14
ANTH 1002 Dr Richard Grinker Fall 2014 August 25 2014 Nature vs Culture nature inherited genetic predisposition nurture we learn as we grow up cultural context People think culture determines people Human ideas and behavior are overdetermined a result of complex interactions it can t be reduced to one factor Sources of the false dichotomy evolutionary paradigm as a way of explaining variation colonial concern with advance towards something better we now think about evolution culturally on a continuum primitive vs civilized simple vs complex we must reject these false dichotomies but understand them The idea that biological evolution made human beings then culture Geertz no the greater part of human cortical expansion followed not proceeded the beginning of culture they happened hand in hand Konner nature hold culture on a leash but a very long leash we re biological and cultural things We all have the equipment to live 1000 lives but have one Why What is actually natural menstruation adolescence homosexuality cancer regular periods really only happen in industrial places Margaret Mead questioned the relationship between men and women Are women naturally a certain way 1 Arapesh both men and women are considered nurturing 2 Mundugumor identical NOT nurturing fundamentally competitive competitive marriage game 3 Chambri men are naturally feminine and women are the opposite Sex and Temperament in 3 societies 1935 Our views are culturally constructed we can change it Mead showed that 1 Anthropology is a cultural critique 2 Anthropology is a way to booster change August 27 2014 Fieldwork Subfields of Anthropology 1 archaeology contained within anthropology in US but in history in Europe 2 biological interested in humans and genetics 3 linguistic origins and use how they structure their world through language 4 cultural study of how we make meaning Fieldwork trying to figure out the rules and what happens if you break them immersing yourself in a culture in a community in order to find out the social rules Participant observation you live with them and participate to limit bias you don t know what is important until you live there with them find all the resources available to you there will be different ones In Brazil the grave diggers said there were more deaths than the government reported Why would people not report death lt A question Anthropologists can explore helps you to intuit what s happening in the future or the interpretation of present things love rituals in Congo the guy lied to Grinker to make him happy and he figured it out after 3 4 months of living there does not usually last less than 12 months don t want to miss anything minimize reactions they don t behave in a way that is caused by us minimize the impression you give so that you don t influence their response If you want to understand how people think and feel you must understand the native language because some things don t have a translation and you can pursue a line of questioning you wouldn t have otherwise Fieldwork is holistic have to have a big net because there are many things going on death arguments attitudes laws dance hunger can t separate the society into distinct domains example you can t study only US economy because so much depends on Christmas which is a religious holiday Geertz by observing the cock fights he learned the social system There is no such thing as pure objectivity people will react differently due to their impression of us but by engaging in participant observation we can minimize these responses limit the bias and increase the percentage of objectivity August 28 2014 Discussion culture internalized it becomes us like breathing it becomes practice so we don t think about it it has to be shared in a group there are categories and classifications so you can make sense of it can t define with national borders colonialism and racism started the study of culture industrialization the need for resources and discoveries drove colonialism and racism they discovered new cultures the missionaries and adventurers wrote about these people and places anthropology was a tool of colonialism because it was important to know these people 18th century Tylor collected the accounts and made ethnologies comparative accounts He didn t do field work he was an armchair anthropologist Fieldwork became the most important methodology should be extended at least 12 months participant observation differentiates anthropology from sociology learn the language and communication limit your bias holistic you can t separate into domains
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