INTRO SOCIOLOGY SOCI 1310
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Sierra Powlowski Jr. on Wednesday September 23, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to SOCI 1310 at Texas State University taught by Staff in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 16 views. For similar materials see /class/212749/soci-1310-texas-state-university in Sociology at Texas State University.
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Date Created: 09/23/15
Sociology 1310 Final Review Rumbo Deviance Norms and standards society s expectations of how people should act ex it is a social norm to aspire to get a jobor it would be against social standards to yell profanity in public Perspectives o Functionalist the existence of deviance helps reinforce values and preserve stability in society by society labeling certain behavior as deviant it promotes good behavior 0 Conflict Deviance is a result of conflict between class struggles classes with less powerresources more likely to be deviant o Interactionist How deviant you are depends on those you interact with and the mentalities in the group if you interact with a social group that encourages deviance you will as well Labeling Theory claims that when individuals or groups are labeled as deviant they are more likely to become deviant there is a connection between our own selfimage and our behavior Often considered to create a quotselffulfilling prophecy Anomie theory claims that there are often times when social norms and goals can t be satisfied due to an obstacle ex it is socially expected to get a job and make as much SS as possible but you can t do that if you are from a poor family and can t afford college education Deviance often results as a means to achieve goals despite social obstacles Social Control attempts to regulate behavior in society Can be institutional or latent Institutional set of laws w punishment threat of prisonfinescommunity service Latent encouraging or discouraging certain behavior via body language or subconsciously ex somebody tells a racist joke and you appear offended this would discourage their behavior of racist jokes Stigma Certain acts of deviance are only considered deviant because of social stigma or how society views the act or aspects of it Such as smoking pot in public isn t an incredibly immoral act but social stigma claims it highly deviant Devianceampmental illness Rosenhan Dealt with mental institutions and unveiled many of their flaws Had experiment where many individuals faked being mentally ill to receive admission to a hospital and after wards they returned to acting normal and sane but the staff still diagnosed them as crazy claiming symptoms were obvious Lead breaking ground showing that mental hospitals were unsuccessful often at diagnosing Constructions of the mentally ill social constructions of the mental ill are they all people will mental illness are quotnutsquot or quotcrazyquot regardless of severity Often socially accepted to stereotype mentally ill Sociology 1310 Final Review Rumbo Race and Ethnicity Race is socially constructed there are no pure races just social distinctions and classifications Race group established based upon similarity in physical appearance while Ethnicity group established by culture THEY ARE NOT THE SAME THING Prejudice pre judging somebody or judging somebody before knowing their personality and judging based on things such as race gender age etc while Discrimination act of treating someone differently based upon things such as race gender age etc THEY ARE NOT THE SAME THING prejudice often is the cause of discrimination White privilege claim that those who are white have better opportunitiesamp privileges in society such as treated differently and viewed differently Affirmative Action government attempt to give equal opportunities for minorities Was considered quotreverse racism when in an attempt to give equal opportunity to one race you treat other races unequally because they are being ensured the same right as the minority example if the government made a college accepted a certain amount of Black students to ensure they had fair enrollment it would be unfair to any nonblack students who deserve a spot in that college but are promised one Racism belief that a certain races are superior or inferior to others Individual racism micro racist acts or proclamations by an individual Institutional racism macro a systematic process that discriminates in an institution such as not allowing employees to speak a language other than English at work when it wasn t necessary Class can play a role in race and inversely as well your race could affect your socioeconomic class and your class could separate you from members of the same race as you but of a different class classes are being stratified with race as well such as there is a black middle class and a white middle class a black upper class and a white upper class A class divided where teacher divided a class by eye color and each group spent a day thinking one group was better than the other and then reversed the next day Study found that those who are picked on and made to feel inferior or otherized performed less well on tests and exercises they are preoccupied by their feeling of inferiority Gender and sexuality Sex v gender sex inherent biology of a person and gender way they are socialized into a gender role Gender is socially constructed all traits we attach to either gender are arbitrary and gender is a concept society developed on its own Sociology 1310 Final Review Rumbo Gender and language gender can be displayed in language Certain words are masculine in nature and some are feminine Gender stereotypes Masculine strong ruthless aggressive individualistic Feminine weak emotional domestic sensitive Gender and sexuality often related to one another Gender boundary society constructs gender boundaries basically what is socially acceptable for each gender ex for a man to wear a dress would be crossing the boundary Transgression vs Backlash Transgression when an individual escapes gender boundaries a man cross dressing and Backlash the consequences of crossing boundaries public ridiculedisapproval Homophobia negative feeling towards homosexuality complete disapproval and disgust irrational fear Gender stratification and inequality Patriarchy society dominated by men Inequality in work 0 Occupational segregation women aren t offered or often hired for the same jobs as menmen more likely to be hired o Wage gap women make 802 cents to every dollar a man makes 0 Advancement women often don t advance in their career as far or as fast as men do often argued that maternal leave plays big role in this 0 Sexual harassment females are often harassed and objectified in the workplace Feminism quotradical notion that women are people tooquot seeks gender equality and same opportunities and treatment for women HipHop rap lyrics often objectify women as sex tools lyrics dominate females makes them subordinate to the man quothardquot image many feel a need to have an image of being tough versus being friendly This furthers the aggressiveness of the lyrics Age Dimensions of stratification Sociology 1310 Final Review Rumbo 0 By power different age groups hold moreless power youngltelderlyltmid aged 0 By prestige different groups are respected more than others young is respected least middle aged very much old depends on successamphealthampsuch o By appearance appearance helps exacerbate and set stratification in to motion Because it s easy to tell people apart by age appearance plays a big part as you re young you try to look older when you re old you try to look young Age is socially constructed what is viewed as youngquot or quotoldquot changes depending upon societies and cultures and how different ages are treated and viewed changes as well Perspectives on aging o Functionalist quotdisengagement theory elderly withdrawal from society and disengage and younger people fill their social roles o Interactionist activity theory social interaction is important so the elderly who remain active will be most happy They must preserve their social self or their social involvement because in isolation we age faster 0 Conflict ageismquot prejudice based on agehas created labels and r39 39 39 39 quot U way we communicate with elderly in infant like way it often assumes they are incompetent Labeling theory social labels are placed on elderly often assumed to be in the way or just exist with no inherent use or purpose Political participation Different age groups participate more or less Elderly are most likely to register and vote This influences public policy AARP is 3rd largest voluntary association in US Elderly affect policy because of programs like Medicare and Social Security Baby boom generation is now becoming at the eligible age for Social Security more costly to the government Right to die Dispute over whether elderly have right to die when they are old and sick 0 Assisted physician suicide when a doctor aids a terminally ill patient commit suicide 0 Active euthanasia death by shot peacefulno suffering 0 Passive euthanasia turn off or deconnect from machines that are keeping them alive pull the plug Fontana and Smith The Alzheimer self Sociology 1310 Final Review Rumbo Social Change and the Environment Social movements
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