INTRO FINE ARTS
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This 9 page Class Notes was uploaded by Ambrose Boyle on Wednesday September 23, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to ART 2313 at Texas State University taught by K. Geha in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 8 views. For similar materials see /class/212777/art-2313-texas-state-university in Art at Texas State University.
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Date Created: 09/23/15
EXAM 1 Chapters 18 Listed below are some major figures events and concepts that you should be familiar with for the testAs always you should also look over the key terms that I include on the slides for every chapter For the images make sure you are familiar with all the images in the lectures but that you are able to recognize artist title time period roughly the material the images on your image list Chapter 1 The Ancient World History and JVIajor Concepts De nition of prehistoric belonging to or existing in times before recorded history De nition of symbolic thought looking at something and being able to know it Thinking abstractly and it is basic human understanding SumeriansMesopotamia fertile crescent land between the Tigris and the Euphrates Earliest recognized culture HammurabiBabylon Civilization Urban Centers Written Language Trade or commerce Common religion Centralized government Technologycounting based on 60used to measure time architectural endeavors based on mat pottery was mass produce casting of bronze invention ofglass invention of the wheel cuneiform early form of writing The Epic of Gilgamesh episodic tale that is 12 tablets and it usually has a hero The code ofHamarabi thefirst code oflaws Egyptians Ka Egyptian concept of spiritual essence They did hieroglyphics Cartouche indicates name of a royal person Iconography identification description and the interpretation of the content of images conventionalized style human form in flat profile Necropolis city of the dead Definition of civilization any type of culture society of any place or time Definition and importance of the Ka preserving the dead Egyptians Permanence perceptual or continued existence Visual Art and architecture Naturalism versus stylization Naturalism Looks lifelike 39 Stylization indication of a quality that we can recognized Women of Willendorf Her hair is stylized and parts of her body is naturalism Relation between art and religion in Egyptian and Sumerian culture both forms of thinking in the abstract Egyptian They believed that the ruler would make them closer to God Civilization identi ed the king with a god Comprised a complex combination of local and national gods They believed in afterlife Sumerian culture The Epic of Gilagmesh gave insight into religion They had thousands of gods that they worshipped and generally accepted pantheon They gave humananimal attributes to their gods God of air plow water etcPerceived the a erworld as a rather dismal place Religion played part in political ramifications as well Pyramids where they would hold the rulerlimestone Protect the pharaohs bodies after death They not only held a pharaohs body but also all the goods he would need in his life after death Each stands along the northsouth meridian with the faces of the pyramids pointing directly north south east and west Khufu largest Mastabas stair 3 different layers Prehistoric artiwall paintings Techniques 1 Spraying 2 Drawingfingers blocks of ochre 3 Painting hair or moss 4 Engraving composite pose head in profile horns from the front Beginning of naturalism in Egyptian art Literature Egyptian Book of the Dead a collection of ancient mortuary texts and spells or magic formulas placed Code of Hammurabi lst code of laws Key Figure Akhhenaten stalted new religion Egypt elongatedface unrealistic Nefertiti Possibly married to Akhhenaten Went missing Tutankhamun Son of Nefertiti Didn t know how he died Chapter 2 The Aegean and Archaic Greece History and Concepts lVlinoan culture Island of Crete very peaceful No walls around the community Very beautiful Named after King lVIinos They were rich and adventurous They had running water They were weathly secure and matriarchal civilizationOpeness and light Mycenaean culture Coastline of mainland Greece Homer called them tamers of horses Illiad and the odyssey They mummi ed corpses and buried them with precious objects The lion gate milartraristic wall around community Limineal space neither inside oroutside Archaic Greece Visual Art and Architecture Greek vases objects intended to convey beauty and comment on reality the pots of Greece served exclusively utilitarian purposes cups jugs and vessels Maze zigzag designs Registers decoration that is composed in horizontal bandsLots of detail Palace of Knossos Kouros and Kore youth Archaic sculpture Had unrealistic smiles especially when they looked like they were dying Literature Homer Illiad and the odyssey tamer of the Greatest of Greek poets Sappho Lyric poet Lived on the island of Lesbos She gathered a group of young women interested in poetry many of hers poems honor one or other of these young women Composed her own music God s Wildering Daughter N0 dance music theater Chapter 3 Greek Classicism and Hellenism History and Concepts Cosmology chaos vs order Greek How they created order our of a chaotic world Aesthetics 0 Plato He emerged a thoroughly wellrounded individual a good athlete with experience of painting poetry music literature and drama Turned to philosophy and more under the in uence of the teacher Socrates Invented aesthetics a branch of philosophy dealing with the nature of beauty and art and their relation to human beings o Aristotle catharsisWas a student at Plato s Academy Became a tutor to Alexander the Great Made school called the Lyceum His writings on nature make him the world s rst real scientist Aesthetic work Poetics Humanism Greek Classicism an artistic style and cultural perspective based on principles associated with art and thought of ancient Greece and Rome Striving for harmony order reason intellect objectivity and formal discipline Idealized perfection rather than real life Hellenism anticlassical Re ections of emotion and naturalistic depiction More pathos than idealization the Dying Gaul Alexander the Great Expanded Greece and his rule Gods as realized in the form of humans Visual Art andArehiteeture Effect of Alexander s conquests on Greek art page 80 Other cultures incorporated Greek art in response to Alexander s conquests Chapter 2 in the book Post and lintel architecture a structural system in which horizontal pieceslintels are held up by vertical columnsposts39 similar to postandbeam structure which usually utilizes wooden posts and beamsheld together by nails or pegs Three architectural orders doric iconic corinthian Doric the oldest and simplest of be three Greek architectural orders Plain capital Ionic two opposed volutes in the capital Corinthian Most ornate and is characterized by slender uted columns with an ornate bellshaped capital decorated with acanthus leaves The Elgin Marbles Possibly stolen east pediment of perhonon Lord Elgin went into debt the fates From the Parthenon Theatre Aristotle s theory of tragedy Basic structure of Greek amphitheatre Sophocles and Oedipus Rex Figures Alexander the Great P No dance music literature Chapter 4 Ancient Rome History and Concepts The founding of Rome rumor that Rome was founded by Romulus an orphan who with his twin brother Remus had been suckled by a wolf as the boys fostermother Roman Republic Sovereignty rested in the people themselves and not in any particular form of government Functioned as a democracy Roman Empire 0 Augustus was Octavian Restore peace in Rome Defeated Mark Antony He became in power of both military command and spokesperson for the people Bath houses Administration Propaganda The PaxRomana The Roman Peace Rome spread Visual Art and Architecture Republican vs Imperial sculpture Imperial sculpture octavious idealism athletic Republican sculpture veristicmale not idealized Roman painting fresco trornpe l oeil Concrete and the Roman arch Theatre Blood Sport Gladiator No dance music literature Chapter 6 BVzantium and Islam History and Concepts Basic history of Byzantine Empire used to be part of Roman Empire Emperor Justinian Muhamma Iconoclasm Visual Art and architecture Mosaics as an artistic medium Byzantine icons Hagia Sophia dome with pendentives lVIinaret and the Islamic call to prayer Islamic calligraphy N0 dance music theatre literature Chapters 7 amp 8 The Middle Ages History and Concepts De nition of Middle Ages page 210 Monastic life Aehtiticism plan lie music Gregorian chants Social changes during the High Middle Ages Visual Art and Architecture or features of Romanesque art Main features of Gothic art 0 Pointed arch o Stained glass 0 Flying buttresses o Basilica form Giotto s advancements in painting Music Gregorian chant and its relationship to architecture Key Figure St Francis of Assisi N0 da rice theatre literature EXAM 2 Chapters 914 Listed below are some major gures events and concepts that you should be familiar with for the test on Tuesday You should also look over the key terms that I include on the slides for every chapter For the images make sure you are at least familiar with all the images in the lectures but that you especially know the starred images as those are more likely to appear on the test Chapter 9 Early Renaissance History and Come ts Rebirth of our understanding of ourselves as social and creative beings Outside Italy paritculary in the northern Euroopean states Family of bankers under Cosimo de Medici who was the most in uential man in Florence opening banks throughout Italy and Europe and founding an Academy for the Study of Plato under the direction of Marsilio Ficino Medici family largest patrOn of arts during Renaissance Banking family combining monetary power with secular rule Developed creditdebit ledger He plays a pivotal role in the transition from medieval to Renaissance thou t Father of Humanism 1400 s art Visual Art and Architecture Looking at the world High RenaissanceLook at past art too O tical tricks Period Early renaissance Ideaof humanism Harmony Greek classicism Free standing Fresco was mostly on walls Drawing made on paper cartoon Hol es punched along lines Paper placed on blank plaster Dust brushed on paper through holes Atmospheric perspective enhances the deep spatial naturalism Figures appear strong detailed and very human method for creating deep space the illusion that parallel lines come together in the distance and that shapes and forms diminish in size as they recede in the distance Brunelleschi made the dome on the cathedral Chapter 10 High Renaissance History and Concepts Vatican gains power Rome Visual Art and Architecture 1490s1527 sack ofRome High Renaissancepeak sense of gravity decorum emulation of Classical art artist genius Pope as commissioner but also more individual patrons Use of tempera gives way to oil paint Veniscian color hazy Roman Italian art A movement in art characterized by a mannered or affected appearance of subjects Chapter 11 Northern Renaissance History and Concepts General facts and features of the Reformation Invention of the printing press Martin Luther and the 95 thesis Copernicus Visual Art and Architecture Difference between Northern and Italian Renaissance Symbolism esp Jan van Eyck Bosch and Durer Characteristics of oil paints Engraving and woodcut Literature Thomas More Chapter 12 The Barogue Age History and Concepts CounterReformation amp the Council of Trent Scienti c RevolutionGalileo Rene Descartes Hobbes amp Locke social contract Visual Art and architecture Different kinds of drama in Baroque art eg Bernini vs Caravaggio Tenebrism Genre painting Group portraiture Rembrandt Night Watch Music Bach Chapter 13 The Enlightenment History and Concepts Broad de nition of Enlightenment Moderns Classi cation of knowledge Kant theory of aesthetics broadly Visual Art and architecture Rococo art Versailles Neoclassicism excavation of Pompeii Thomas Jefferson and architectural precedents 2V1 usic Mozart Beethoven Broad de nition of classical music page 433 Theatre Japanese Kabuki theater Chapter 14 The Romantic Age History and Concepts Industrial Revolution Karl Marx Liberalism broad de nition Romanticism Evolution Visual Art and architecture Scale of history painting for romantic themes Goya Gericault Tumer The Sublime and Nature Emotionalism and individualism Music Theatre Literature Emily Dickinson Poetry Walt Whitman
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