New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here


by: Ambrose Boyle


Ambrose Boyle
Texas State
GPA 3.81

K. Geha

Almost Ready


These notes were just uploaded, and will be ready to view shortly.

Purchase these notes here, or revisit this page.

Either way, we'll remind you when they're ready :)

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

K. Geha
Class Notes
25 ?




Popular in Course

Popular in Art

This 9 page Class Notes was uploaded by Ambrose Boyle on Wednesday September 23, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to ART 2313 at Texas State University taught by K. Geha in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 8 views. For similar materials see /class/212777/art-2313-texas-state-university in Art at Texas State University.




Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 09/23/15
EXAM 1 Chapters 18 Listed below are some major figures events and concepts that you should be familiar with for the testAs always you should also look over the key terms that I include on the slides for every chapter For the images make sure you are familiar with all the images in the lectures but that you are able to recognize artist title time period roughly the material the images on your image list Chapter 1 The Ancient World History and JVIajor Concepts De nition of prehistoric belonging to or existing in times before recorded history De nition of symbolic thought looking at something and being able to know it Thinking abstractly and it is basic human understanding SumeriansMesopotamia fertile crescent land between the Tigris and the Euphrates Earliest recognized culture HammurabiBabylon Civilization Urban Centers Written Language Trade or commerce Common religion Centralized government Technologycounting based on 60used to measure time architectural endeavors based on mat pottery was mass produce casting of bronze invention ofglass invention of the wheel cuneiform early form of writing The Epic of Gilgamesh episodic tale that is 12 tablets and it usually has a hero The code ofHamarabi thefirst code oflaws Egyptians Ka Egyptian concept of spiritual essence They did hieroglyphics Cartouche indicates name of a royal person Iconography identification description and the interpretation of the content of images conventionalized style human form in flat profile Necropolis city of the dead Definition of civilization any type of culture society of any place or time Definition and importance of the Ka preserving the dead Egyptians Permanence perceptual or continued existence Visual Art and architecture Naturalism versus stylization Naturalism Looks lifelike 39 Stylization indication of a quality that we can recognized Women of Willendorf Her hair is stylized and parts of her body is naturalism Relation between art and religion in Egyptian and Sumerian culture both forms of thinking in the abstract Egyptian They believed that the ruler would make them closer to God Civilization identi ed the king with a god Comprised a complex combination of local and national gods They believed in afterlife Sumerian culture The Epic of Gilagmesh gave insight into religion They had thousands of gods that they worshipped and generally accepted pantheon They gave humananimal attributes to their gods God of air plow water etcPerceived the a erworld as a rather dismal place Religion played part in political ramifications as well Pyramids where they would hold the rulerlimestone Protect the pharaohs bodies after death They not only held a pharaohs body but also all the goods he would need in his life after death Each stands along the northsouth meridian with the faces of the pyramids pointing directly north south east and west Khufu largest Mastabas stair 3 different layers Prehistoric artiwall paintings Techniques 1 Spraying 2 Drawingfingers blocks of ochre 3 Painting hair or moss 4 Engraving composite pose head in profile horns from the front Beginning of naturalism in Egyptian art Literature Egyptian Book of the Dead a collection of ancient mortuary texts and spells or magic formulas placed Code of Hammurabi lst code of laws Key Figure Akhhenaten stalted new religion Egypt elongatedface unrealistic Nefertiti Possibly married to Akhhenaten Went missing Tutankhamun Son of Nefertiti Didn t know how he died Chapter 2 The Aegean and Archaic Greece History and Concepts lVlinoan culture Island of Crete very peaceful No walls around the community Very beautiful Named after King lVIinos They were rich and adventurous They had running water They were weathly secure and matriarchal civilizationOpeness and light Mycenaean culture Coastline of mainland Greece Homer called them tamers of horses Illiad and the odyssey They mummi ed corpses and buried them with precious objects The lion gate milartraristic wall around community Limineal space neither inside oroutside Archaic Greece Visual Art and Architecture Greek vases objects intended to convey beauty and comment on reality the pots of Greece served exclusively utilitarian purposes cups jugs and vessels Maze zigzag designs Registers decoration that is composed in horizontal bandsLots of detail Palace of Knossos Kouros and Kore youth Archaic sculpture Had unrealistic smiles especially when they looked like they were dying Literature Homer Illiad and the odyssey tamer of the Greatest of Greek poets Sappho Lyric poet Lived on the island of Lesbos She gathered a group of young women interested in poetry many of hers poems honor one or other of these young women Composed her own music God s Wildering Daughter N0 dance music theater Chapter 3 Greek Classicism and Hellenism History and Concepts Cosmology chaos vs order Greek How they created order our of a chaotic world Aesthetics 0 Plato He emerged a thoroughly wellrounded individual a good athlete with experience of painting poetry music literature and drama Turned to philosophy and more under the in uence of the teacher Socrates Invented aesthetics a branch of philosophy dealing with the nature of beauty and art and their relation to human beings o Aristotle catharsisWas a student at Plato s Academy Became a tutor to Alexander the Great Made school called the Lyceum His writings on nature make him the world s rst real scientist Aesthetic work Poetics Humanism Greek Classicism an artistic style and cultural perspective based on principles associated with art and thought of ancient Greece and Rome Striving for harmony order reason intellect objectivity and formal discipline Idealized perfection rather than real life Hellenism anticlassical Re ections of emotion and naturalistic depiction More pathos than idealization the Dying Gaul Alexander the Great Expanded Greece and his rule Gods as realized in the form of humans Visual Art andArehiteeture Effect of Alexander s conquests on Greek art page 80 Other cultures incorporated Greek art in response to Alexander s conquests Chapter 2 in the book Post and lintel architecture a structural system in which horizontal pieceslintels are held up by vertical columnsposts39 similar to postandbeam structure which usually utilizes wooden posts and beamsheld together by nails or pegs Three architectural orders doric iconic corinthian Doric the oldest and simplest of be three Greek architectural orders Plain capital Ionic two opposed volutes in the capital Corinthian Most ornate and is characterized by slender uted columns with an ornate bellshaped capital decorated with acanthus leaves The Elgin Marbles Possibly stolen east pediment of perhonon Lord Elgin went into debt the fates From the Parthenon Theatre Aristotle s theory of tragedy Basic structure of Greek amphitheatre Sophocles and Oedipus Rex Figures Alexander the Great P No dance music literature Chapter 4 Ancient Rome History and Concepts The founding of Rome rumor that Rome was founded by Romulus an orphan who with his twin brother Remus had been suckled by a wolf as the boys fostermother Roman Republic Sovereignty rested in the people themselves and not in any particular form of government Functioned as a democracy Roman Empire 0 Augustus was Octavian Restore peace in Rome Defeated Mark Antony He became in power of both military command and spokesperson for the people Bath houses Administration Propaganda The PaxRomana The Roman Peace Rome spread Visual Art and Architecture Republican vs Imperial sculpture Imperial sculpture octavious idealism athletic Republican sculpture veristicmale not idealized Roman painting fresco trornpe l oeil Concrete and the Roman arch Theatre Blood Sport Gladiator No dance music literature Chapter 6 BVzantium and Islam History and Concepts Basic history of Byzantine Empire used to be part of Roman Empire Emperor Justinian Muhamma Iconoclasm Visual Art and architecture Mosaics as an artistic medium Byzantine icons Hagia Sophia dome with pendentives lVIinaret and the Islamic call to prayer Islamic calligraphy N0 dance music theatre literature Chapters 7 amp 8 The Middle Ages History and Concepts De nition of Middle Ages page 210 Monastic life Aehtiticism plan lie music Gregorian chants Social changes during the High Middle Ages Visual Art and Architecture or features of Romanesque art Main features of Gothic art 0 Pointed arch o Stained glass 0 Flying buttresses o Basilica form Giotto s advancements in painting Music Gregorian chant and its relationship to architecture Key Figure St Francis of Assisi N0 da rice theatre literature EXAM 2 Chapters 914 Listed below are some major gures events and concepts that you should be familiar with for the test on Tuesday You should also look over the key terms that I include on the slides for every chapter For the images make sure you are at least familiar with all the images in the lectures but that you especially know the starred images as those are more likely to appear on the test Chapter 9 Early Renaissance History and Come ts Rebirth of our understanding of ourselves as social and creative beings Outside Italy paritculary in the northern Euroopean states Family of bankers under Cosimo de Medici who was the most in uential man in Florence opening banks throughout Italy and Europe and founding an Academy for the Study of Plato under the direction of Marsilio Ficino Medici family largest patrOn of arts during Renaissance Banking family combining monetary power with secular rule Developed creditdebit ledger He plays a pivotal role in the transition from medieval to Renaissance thou t Father of Humanism 1400 s art Visual Art and Architecture Looking at the world High RenaissanceLook at past art too O tical tricks Period Early renaissance Ideaof humanism Harmony Greek classicism Free standing Fresco was mostly on walls Drawing made on paper cartoon Hol es punched along lines Paper placed on blank plaster Dust brushed on paper through holes Atmospheric perspective enhances the deep spatial naturalism Figures appear strong detailed and very human method for creating deep space the illusion that parallel lines come together in the distance and that shapes and forms diminish in size as they recede in the distance Brunelleschi made the dome on the cathedral Chapter 10 High Renaissance History and Concepts Vatican gains power Rome Visual Art and Architecture 1490s1527 sack ofRome High Renaissancepeak sense of gravity decorum emulation of Classical art artist genius Pope as commissioner but also more individual patrons Use of tempera gives way to oil paint Veniscian color hazy Roman Italian art A movement in art characterized by a mannered or affected appearance of subjects Chapter 11 Northern Renaissance History and Concepts General facts and features of the Reformation Invention of the printing press Martin Luther and the 95 thesis Copernicus Visual Art and Architecture Difference between Northern and Italian Renaissance Symbolism esp Jan van Eyck Bosch and Durer Characteristics of oil paints Engraving and woodcut Literature Thomas More Chapter 12 The Barogue Age History and Concepts CounterReformation amp the Council of Trent Scienti c RevolutionGalileo Rene Descartes Hobbes amp Locke social contract Visual Art and architecture Different kinds of drama in Baroque art eg Bernini vs Caravaggio Tenebrism Genre painting Group portraiture Rembrandt Night Watch Music Bach Chapter 13 The Enlightenment History and Concepts Broad de nition of Enlightenment Moderns Classi cation of knowledge Kant theory of aesthetics broadly Visual Art and architecture Rococo art Versailles Neoclassicism excavation of Pompeii Thomas Jefferson and architectural precedents 2V1 usic Mozart Beethoven Broad de nition of classical music page 433 Theatre Japanese Kabuki theater Chapter 14 The Romantic Age History and Concepts Industrial Revolution Karl Marx Liberalism broad de nition Romanticism Evolution Visual Art and architecture Scale of history painting for romantic themes Goya Gericault Tumer The Sublime and Nature Emotionalism and individualism Music Theatre Literature Emily Dickinson Poetry Walt Whitman


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

25 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Bentley McCaw University of Florida

"I was shooting for a perfect 4.0 GPA this semester. Having StudySoup as a study aid was critical to helping me achieve my goal...and I nailed it!"

Amaris Trozzo George Washington University

"I made $350 in just two days after posting my first study guide."

Steve Martinelli UC Los Angeles

"There's no way I would have passed my Organic Chemistry class this semester without the notes and study guides I got from StudySoup."

Parker Thompson 500 Startups

"It's a great way for students to improve their educational experience and it seemed like a product that everybody wants, so all the people participating are winning."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.