History 121 Week 8 Class Notes, Online Lecture, and Reading
History 121 Week 8 Class Notes, Online Lecture, and Reading HIS 121
Popular in United States History 1914-1945
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This 6 page Class Notes was uploaded by Jordan Rouse on Thursday March 17, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HIS 121 at University of Kentucky taught by Lacey Sparks in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 27 views. For similar materials see United States History 1914-1945 in History at University of Kentucky.
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Date Created: 03/17/16
Week 8: Readings, Online Lecture, Class Notes Readings: Hitler’s Hossbach Memorandum Hossbach took notes on Hitler’s plan Hitler had secret meeting at Reich Those who opposed were removed Discussed taking Lebansraum and goals of expansion Aim of German policy= security and preservation of nation Space is a problem, can be sought naturally for 1-3 generations A. Raw Materials a. Wherever coal can be found is feasible b. Ores is more difficult, need copper and tin c. Cellular solution is possible but not permeanant d. Edible fats possible B. Foods- No a. Increase of demands on soil to increase production is not possible due to soil deterioration, participation in world market is a must b. Lowering standard of living is not possible Participation of World Economy Economic need will drive Germany to expand Weakness who base existence on export Germany has weakness of food due to Britain’s naval control, only way out is greater living space Space required can only be sought in Europe Not a case of conquering people, lack of resources Germany has most favorable foundations for growing Where is greatest possible conquest at lowest cost Must recon with two enemies, England and France, who will not allow Germany’s expansion in Europe or overseas England will not release any colonial possessions Take Britain’s colonies while they no longer have possession Recognizing Britain as holding Empire unity cannot be maintained o Ireland’s tendency for independence o Constitutional disputes in India o Weakening in position (Japan) o Opposition to Italy Must not allow population to get too low if expansion occurs France is in better position geographically, but not politically; Britain, France, Russia, and Adjoining smaller states German problem can only be solved by force at great risk Left with when and how Re-arming of military As time goes by, risk of materials being out dated increased Secrecy of “special weapons” cannot be safeguarded Decrease in relative power Cannot wait in fear of food shortage Large armed forces, aging of Nazi, lowering standards of living and drop of birth rate, leaves no choice but to act no later than 1943-1945 If France goes down, action against Czechoslovakia comes Case 3 Equally possible to attack Czech. If France were at war with another state Conquer Czech and Austria at some time to avoid outside threats Once Czech is conquered, Germany-Hungary obtained Neutral attitude by Poland will help Attack by Britain without France is hardly possible Must consider that Czech defense will increase No opposition of this action is expected from Italy, but cannot be judged about Austria Measure and speed will decide Poland’s attitude Another 3 years of war is possibility Interested in continuation of war and tensions over Mediterranean Future policy to strengthen Italy Fuhrer believes Italy’s military strategy is to remain defensive against France England would go to war with Italy, and would be too occupied to fight Germany Attack on Czech based upon course of French, English, and Italian war, and would have to be fast England and France must not appear as enemies French would advance into Rhineland If Mediterranean conflict leads to generalization, they start immediately Lecture: Rise of Hitler Madde WWII even more destructive Born 1899 Possibly harsh father Member of German speaking minority in Austria Hungary Moved to Vienna for Art, shocked by city, rejected for lack of talent Spent 4 years interested in politics and how successful movements happened Obsorbed extremist ideas, moved to Germany, colunteered for Army German minority complained they were not getting enough power because of Jews Hitler followed anti-sematic culture against Jews Impressed by Mayor Karl Lueger, developing ideas on how to be successful 1913, moved to Munich Cheered declaration of war 1914 Spent 4 years on Western Fron Breathed in gas before war ended Had membership card of German Workers Party 1920 Blamed Jews for loss of war and communism Hitler could galvanized a crowd Convinced Worker Party to change its name to Nationalist Socialist German Workers Party, becoming NAZI party Tries to overthrow democratic Weimar Republic, 1923 Economy didn’t function well, 1923 went into hyperinflation German army put Hitlers uprising down, and was put to prison Remained convinced for another opportunity; wrote Mein Kamph in jail denouncing Jews, communism, other things NAZI would have to pretend to accept rules for him to become elected “Stormtroopers”of NAZI party Power started on Stock Market crash of 1929 30% of loss of jobs dependent on export Great Depression lauched Hitlers campaign 1932 Took power 1933 through majority did not bote, but no other party had majority Non competent to hold power/ good understanding Banned all other parties Put NAZI in position of leadership Mass rally festival drew crowd Germany would ignore Versailles treatey, and build army: no one intervened Boycott stores owned by Jews, expelled, banned from jobs, beaten in streets Implemented policy of terror for anti-NAZI followers, persecution of Jews Road to War Several years to go to war, but took meaesures Felt strong enough to openluy defy Versailles Treaty Germany’s military leadership worried if French walked in France was occupied Occupied Austria who welcomed NAZI although Germany would attack Munich Crisis o Hitler demanded annexation of German speaking Zcech o Neither France nor Britain ready for war o Mussolini proosed Conference o German promised not to go any farther than Czech “peace in our time” Did not stop him, preparing for more territorial gain Further demands of annexing Czech and some Lithuania Signed Nazi-Soviet Pact o 1939 o Convinces Stalin he could not trust Western o Agree to not fight each other o Britain and France had to fight Germany alone Germany invaded Poland o 1939 o Destroyed border post to get back land given after WWI Chance for Germany to show avoid bloody mess of WWI calling it Blitzkrieg invasion Used improved weapons in new way Developing air assault and motorcycle unit and armored tanks Achieve rapid offensive Total War: bombing civilian neighborhoods Going to be more brutal: deliberate brutality Expulsion of Polish to expand German farmers Reading: Hitler on war and struggle Strong survive, weak perish: rule of existence Force and power determine survival Struggle is father of all things No acheivment without breaking down reisistance 3 principles control existence of every nation 1. Purity of Blood 2. Concept of Struggle 3. Ingenuity of Individual Blood and Race Blood alone resides strength of man: like teaching poodles to be like greyhounds When crossing, offspring stand higher than racially lower parent, but not as high as higher one Such mating is contrary to nature Both superior and inferior have same possibility of overcoming because there are more inferior Result of Racial Crossing 1. Lowering level of higher race 2. Physical and intellectual regression - Culture must be preserved, blood mixture is sole cause of culture dying out The “Racial” Jew Jewish have no true culture They lack qualities which make them creative Their intellect will never have constructive effect Parasite of other Nations, forced to deny inner nature Jews are not a race but a religion is a lie Jews stealing women from their culture, lower racial level, replace democracy with dictatorship, economic and political revolutionization, refuses state for self-preservation, destroys foundation of national self-maintenance, destroys faith in leadership, scoffs history and past, drags everything to the gutter Contaminates culture and religion is ridiculed Jewish thought :Bolshevization of Germany Leadership is Primary and Decisive National Socialist task is to advocate and preserve bearer of state Realize all men are different st 1 consequence of realizing-attention to promote national community recognized as valuable More difficult to recognize minds are most valuable intellectually Most valuable thing of an invention is inventor An organization must not prevent thinking individuals No majority decisions but responsible persons Decision made by one man Authority of every leader downward, responsibility upward Responsibility by one man Class Notes Discussion on Memo Hitler was put in jail because offensive to state tried and failed to accomplish this Combined votes of both parties to win, solidify other “Beer Hall Putsch” o Hitler’s attempt to overthrow government o Gave speech over Beer Hall o Did not have military on his side Hitler’s first step o Annexes Austria o Austria was welcoming o Forbidden by Versailles Munich Conference o Czech invasion sparks conference o France and Britain did nothing but Hitler agreed no more o Want Czech all one because they’re Germans o People from Czech not invited o France and Poland have to bring military out, starting WWII Racial Anti-Semitism o Hitler against Jews o Wanted something to blame Invade Czech if France has external conflict Trying to figure out how to invade so organization was kept secret Hitler’s inspiration= Mussolini, Armenian genocide, anti-Semitism, race science Russia is communist, most Jews from Russia, reason for blame