INTRO EQCARE USE
INTRO EQCARE USE AG 2215
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This 73 page Class Notes was uploaded by Tremaine Medhurst on Wednesday September 23, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to AG 2215 at Texas State University taught by T. Chumbley in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 30 views. For similar materials see /class/212854/ag-2215-texas-state-university in Agriculture and Forestry at Texas State University.
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Date Created: 09/23/15
Breeds of Horses Ty Chumbley Light Horses At least 142 hands tall at the withers 39 900 1400 pounds 39 Most Gammon type of home in the United States Appaloosa Well known for speed Used by the Nez Pence Indians as war horses Originated from Spanish horses left behind by explorers Appaloosa 1 The Appaloosa horse although often recognized for its colorful coat patterns is a breed of horse and not a color In fact not all Appalgozosas have a colorful coat pattern but can come in solid colors as well Coat pattern or not there is much more to the Appaloosa than its color Appaloosas are very versatile having great endurance and excellent dispositions Although they can be stubborn most Appaloosas are extremely intelligent and willing Arabian Originated from Bedouin desert 39 Known for strength and stamina Small muzzle High tailsetting Short back Arabian 39 The Arabian one of the oldest breed of horse and is also the purest breed of horse They have eXisted for at least 4500 years 39 The Arabian horses have a beautiful and unique appearance They are generally small in stature but readily recognized by their dished face and ne features As they were bred in different parts of the world various breeds emerged including the Polish Arabian the Shagya Arabian in Hungary and the Egyptian Arabian 39 Arabians tend to do better if they are kept in larger paddocks and not confined to small stalls because their intelligence causes them to be easily bored They may be more prone to developing nervous habits or quotstable vicesquot When confined than other horses Lipizzaner Developed in Spain Born brown or black in color Changes to white or gray at about 610 years of age Famous as dressage performers Lipizzaner Developed exclusively by the Hapsburg monarchy fOr its use during times of vvar and peace the Lipizzan is the true horse of royalty Four hundred years of selective breeding have made the Lipizzan one of Europe s oldest breeds of horse Morgan Developed in the United States T 39 America s first breed of light horse 39 Descanded from ane harse Justin Morgan M01 s The Morgan is one ofthe earliest horse breeds developed in the United States Tracing back to the stallion quotFigurequot later named Justin Morgan after his bestknown owner the breed excels in many disciplines and is known for its versatility The Morgan horse is compact and refined in build with strong limbs an exressive face large eyes well defined withers laid back shoulders and a well arched neckand a clean cut head Mustang 39 Developed by Mother Nature in the Western United States Near extinction in 1970 39 Available through the AdeptAHorse program from the US Government Adopt a Horse quot Through this program excess animals are made available to the public at a cost of 125 for each horse and burro Adopters must meet certain requirements for furnishing safe transportation and housing for the animal 39 The animals remain the property of the government for one year following the adoption At the end of the year the adopter is asked to submit a statement from a veterinarian extension agent local humane of cial or other quali ed individual certifying that the animal has had proper care Mustang The is a feral horse found now in the western United States The name Mustang comes from the Spanish word mestefio or monsteneo meaning wild or stray Originally these were Spanish horses or their descendants but over the years they became a miX of numerous breeds American Quarter Horse 39 Developed in the United States as a race horse 39 Named for their fast times in the 14 mile Known for speed strength 8 intelligence 39 Most popular horse breed in the world American Quarter Horse The adaptability of the quarter horse breed has allowed it to be used in other occupations such as trail riding and for use by many urban mounted police units Their even temperament makes them a great animal for new riders learning about horses and their breeding ability has made several stud farm owners both famous and wealthy Saddlebred Developed in the United States 39 Ridden by many famous riders Paul Revere Daniel Boune Ulysses S Grant Stonewall Jackson Robert E Lee Saddlebred Today finds the American Saddlebred competing in almost every equine activity from dressage show jumping and cross country jumping to driving cutting and reining and high schooling The American Saddlebred formerly known as the American Saddle Horse is a breed of horse that was developed in Kentucky by plantation owners Today in the horse show world they are most commonly seen under saddle in Saddle seat style riding and in various types of driving including pleasure driving and various types of ne harness competition The American Saddlebred With its conformation personality and stamina is suited to accomplish any task requested but is most well known as the quotpeacock of the horse show worldquot Tennessee Walking Horse Originated in Tennessee Possess a unique running walk gait Very easy to ride Preferred horse of traveling preachers Tennessee Walking Horse Over one hundred years ago in the Middle Basin of Tennessee a uni39ue breed was created the Tennessee Walking Horse The early settlers of this region who came from Virginia the Ca rolinas and other surrounding states brought with them fine Standard39breds Morgans Thoroughbreds Canadian and Narrangansett Pacers By combining the traits of these great horse families the foundation was laid for the Tennessee Walker who developed distinctive qualities of its own The most prominent characteristic of Tennessee Walkers is their swift and smooth quotrunning walkquot This gait is inherited and cannot be taught to a horse who does not possess it naturally It is a square fOurbeat gait with a gliding motion and a bobbing of the head and swinging of the ears accompany each step Some Walkers are even known to snap their teeth in time Thoroughbred j Designed to sustain speed over distances while carrying weight quot Average 16 handsin39 7L height quot r i Revolutionize39d the racing industry Thoroughbred The Thoroughbred evolved in Britain in the 17th and 18th centuries due to an interest in racing The Thoroughbred pedigree can be traced back to the bloodlines of the three key Arabian stallions none of which ever raced Thoroughbreds are extremely athletic and energetic They a re the most popular breed for sport horse competition and they dominate the horse racing in d ust ry The Thoroughbred is readily available throughout most of the world The most expensive horses in the world are highly competitive Thoroughbreds usually racehorSes but they can be foUnd very reasonably priced for the cmmion owner V Thoroughbreds can be obtained at a low price at auctions for ex ra cehorses but these horses quotoff the track need a lot of retraining for them to be good pleasure horses or competitors in other disciplines They may also have injuries from racing at a young age Draft Horse Breeds American Cream Draft Originated from the mare quotOld Grannyquot in Iowa in 1911 39 Rich cream color with white mane 8 tail 39 Pink skin 1 Amber colored eyes 39 Average 16001800 lbs Belgian 39 Originated in Belgium 39 American Belgian Association is headquartered in Wabash IN Belgian quot The government of Belgium played a very energetic role in developing the breed A system of district shows culminating in the great national show in Brussels which served as an international showcase for the breed was established The prizes were generous Inspecon committees for stallions standing for public service were established The result was a rapid improvement into a Xed breed type as the draft horses of Belgium came to be regarded as both a national heritage and quite literally a treasure Clydesdale Developed in Scotland Commonly bayin color 39 Known for fourwhite socks with hairy fetlocks Made famous in US beer commercials Clydesdale 39 An area in Scotland known as Clydesdale located in the Country of Lanark is the place of origin of the world famous draft horse breed of the same name 39 The Clydesdale was used to work the prairies of Canada and American often in teams of seVen horses to the three furrow plow They also earned the title of the breed that built Australia Clydesdales have been exported all around the world and are found in Germany the USSR Japan and South Africa as well as in the USA Canada Australia and New Zealand 39 Much cross breeding of the Clydesdale with other breeds is currently taking place to produce top quality competition sport horses and societies are being formed from Australia to American for this purpose Native to the Netherlands Prior to WWI there were only 3 sires still alive Known for long tail amp mane Provided by Manfred Link Very calm breed Most popular draft breed in the early percheron 19005 Unknown origin Percheron Percherons originated in the La Perche region of northwest France They are compact and muscular yet retain from their Arabian ancestry an elegance and active way of going Percherons are usually gray 0r black in color They are wellmuscled and known for their intelligence and willingness to work The British used the Percheron extensively during World War I Beginning in 1916 Over 400 purebred Percherons were imported to Britain from France for use in the military marking the first time that purebred Percherons were imported to Britain The lack of feathering on the Percheron39s lower legs made them easier to care form the mud that they often worked in during wartime Shire Developed in England f 39 Most common draft F breed in England Once used to carry knights into battle Mostly black with white legs pro tingd by Cheege QUIZ Have you ever participated in a CDE event in High School W h at is your major at Texas State Are you majoring or minoring in the Agriculture Department How did you discover the Agriculture Department CATALOG WORD OFIVIOUTH Recruitment ADVISOR A Teacher in High School or university Mail out OTHER please list WE PAGE 5 Are you involved in any Agriculture Related Activities at Texas State 39 What is a Clydesdale List things about the Mustang Breed 9 List 3 things about the Arabian Breed 10 VVhat was your guest lecturers name on Wednesday 6 Name 8 Draft Horses 7 8 Horse Colors and ID S fix quot The American Quarter Horse mm Hg Color Chart Ag 22 15 By Ty Chumbley Colors Bay Sorrel and Black are the three base coat colors 39 All other coat colors that you see are a modi cation of bay sorrel or black W 3h ite markings blaze stockings are not considered when determining coat color Bay Horses Bay Bay horses a body color that ranges from to red to reddish brown The manequot a1 39 W77 be black the legs W1 be black Can have White socks Bay Horse Bay Roan Bay Almost equal diSpersal of brown and White hairs aeross body the head Will be darker v Mane tail and legs will be black Roan gene on a bay horse Body calm yellowish gold tan Mane tail and legs will be black BMLCMMH Perlino Peano Double cream of the bay color v T hose horses Will look creamy White With an rust colorod mane and Legs may also be a slightly darker color Dun 39 Dun Body color is yellowish gold or tan 39 Mane tail and legs Will be black 4 These horses Will resemble the buckskin but also have at dorsal stripe down the back and possible transverse stripes on the legs and across the Withers 39 Dun results When the Dun gene dilutes bay Strawberry Roan 39 Sorrel or Chestnut horse With White hairs intermixed 3quot Strawberry Roan describes true or Classic roan on a Chestnut base coat The mane and tail remain red or have only a few White hairs While the body ranges from nearly chestnut to pinkish rgt 39 Horses With the roan gene Can be born dark and gain more White hairs as they age m 1 1 w39 v9 39i H 1 393 142 v QEWQVVb6153 LKQQLH Sorr rl Sorrel Sorrels have a body color of dark red or reddish brown 39 Mane and tail Will be a reddish color not black 8mm Chestnut Chestnut Genetically sorrel and chestnut are exactly the same Stock horses are considered Chestnut when the body color is a dark liver color The mane and will usually be dark liver or reddish brown Sometimes the mane and tail Will be aXen English breeds use the word Chestnut to deSCribe sorrel and Chestnut horses Chmmut Palomino Palomino One cream dilution on sorrel Reddish to light tan body With cream or White color mane and tail Legs will be light Palomino horses have a yellow or gold coat With a White or light cream mane and tail The shades of the body coat color range from cream to a dark gold Unless also affected by other unrelated genes palominos have dark skin and brown eyes though some may be born With pinkish that darkens with age Cremello 4 Cremelloz 39 Two cream dilutions on chestnut sorrel 39 Creamy body color and light cream to White mane and tail Light legs These horses resemble perlmo but have a lighter mane and tail Cremello Blue Roan Blue Roan is the result when the roan gene acts on a black horse 39 The head and legs Will be darker black or brown the mane and tail Will be black The body will have almost equal dispersal of White and black hairs Brown Brown There is no gene for brown Horses that are registered brown are usually genetically black but have another gene that makes them fade Brown horses can also be black horses that have a creme gene or a bay hOrse that is very dark Brown horses Will look black brown hairs around their eyes muzzle elbow and ank English breeds register brovVn hOrses as dark bay Brown Gray 39 Gray Gray horses be almost White dappled ea bitten or a m sy gray color The mane and tail can be darker or almost entirely 39 Often born colored and get lighter with age Standard Head Markings Blaze 39 Blaze A blaze is a wide white marking that runs for all or most of the length of the horse39s face Snip Snip 39 A snip is a small White marking between the nostrils The pink beneath the hair of the snip is often easily seen Snips often extend down onto the upper lip Where there isn39t any hair so they shoW up as pink skin Star 39 Star W39hite spot on the forehead Bald Bald White that stems above the forehead goes to the muzzle and extends beyond the bridge of the nose to the side of the face Stripe 39 Stripe Narrow white stripe down the center of the face on the bridge of the nose Star and Strip Strip Stripe A strip is a White marking in the middle of the face It is very narrow compared to a blaze A strip may run for all or only part of the length of the horse39s face A strip is also sometimes called a stripe Ifa strip is not straight but is instead crooked or wavy it may be called a quotrace 1quot StarStripNip Quiz 3 Take out a sheet of paper and turn into Allison before you leave 1 What is a Blue Roan 2 What is a Chestnut 8 What is the difference between a palomino and a bay 4 What is a snip Quiz 3 5 What is a bald face horse look like 6 What is a sorrel Colored horse look like 7 What is a cremello 8 What is a stripnip 9 What time does Class start 10 What is your major
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