Popular in Introduction to International Poltiics
Popular in Political Science
This 3 page One Day of Notes was uploaded by Heather Abrams on Friday September 19, 2014. The One Day of Notes belongs to 10 at George Washington University taught by Farrell in Fall2014. Since its upload, it has received 67 views. For similar materials see Introduction to International Poltiics in Political Science at George Washington University.
Reviews for 8-28-14_Class_Notes_PSC1003Farrell.pdf
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!
Date Created: 09/19/14
82814 Expectations from ordinary politics in the US 0 0 Elections allow us a degree of control Policy making commissions regulations huge battles occur as interest groups attempt to ensure that policies passed best benefit their interests Politicians yelling at each other People claim to want more neutral politicians looking for the general best interest often we get loud extreme politicians they spend more time fundraising than actually working amp making policy Campaign ads injectjust enough truth to stilt opponents amp hope that people vote for you instead Scandals problematic relationships bw politicians amp people wmoney Structured Disagreement people genuinely want diff things put forth policy positions amp accept results of elections generally do not resort to anarchy does not generally result in disorder even though results may not always be fair still people don39t take to violence tanks guns etc Existence of a government a single actor who can tell everyone what to do Regulates elections Ensures order final last resort of governments is the threat of using violence soldiers police Order is not necessarily good it can be quotevilquot ie Apartheid in South Africa ltjust means there is a system for politics to be conducted Punishes lawbreakers state local federal also may lead to social shunning Ensures that political disagreements don39t get out of hand 0 Expectations from international politics 0 Trade relations nationsstates trade wone another there is typically int39l law that dictates trade Spying post911 world involves a lot of Internet use amp makes spying even easier bw countries notgoverned by int39l law although it is generally quotillegalquot in some way Covert action Ways to shun or attack other countries quotsneakilyquot ie American attack on the Iranian Nuclear Program There are dangers of taking covert ac ons Wars between states Possible nuclear Armageddon ie mom amp dad39s nuclear bomb drills as if the desk would really save you Disaclgreement can balloon into war covert action even nuclear warfare I No organized process for giving diff nationsgroups a stake in the game no one actor is universally capable of maintaining order No global police to arrest lawbreakers Much more complexity amp disorder Realism O O 0 Dark cranky pessimistic Emphasize problem of anarchy lnt39l politics is dominated by power states don39t care about other states at all unless it could benefit them O OOOO States contend for dominance power through arms amp other tools Military power is key to which states win amp which states lose States fear for survival in a world where there are no global policemen States that care about being kind amp quotwishywashyquot will suffer bc nobody will protect them Limits on trade If states fear each other they will not be willing to trade for worry that you are helping the other state you fear you may be helping a future enemy gain money for arms which they may use against you one day Agreements may be broken trust is a mistake that can be taken advantage of this is a crude extreme view of realism int39l politics is not the place to think of principlesmorals you must secure your own survival amp gaining the most power Limits of ideas amp norms Broad norms truth justice human rights disappear or take 2nd place to survival Realists pride that they see the world as it is not as idealists want it to be Skeptical that liberalism democracy etc can be spread partly waste of time partly no security advantages whatsoever Doubtful that spreading democracy helps security even if it worked Liberalism O 0 Much more optimistic amp cheery than realists Believe that you can have a kind of natural order underpinned by int39l institutions States behave in a mostly sef interested way but are still interested in generally avoiding conflict wothers and trading wone another Two states can be fundamentally sef interested and successfully cooperatetrade to mutual advantage Democracies tend not to fight other democracies more democracies make the world a better place Can manage some aspects of shared security sometimes cannot PalestineIsrael Role of power Acknowledge the role of power in int39 relations Assume that actors have common interests they can pursue if they can figure out how to it is assumed that institutions help them do this Norms amp ideas Spreading democracy is a good idea for American interests Think democracies tend to behave better towards each other than non democracies Generally not interested in normsideas Constructivism O Emphasizes how ideas amp norms shape order in unexpected positivenegative ways Norm informal rules about what people ought to do which side of the road you are supposed to drive on the professor should stand behind the podium to lecture etc We are all embedded in a web of meaning amp that is what int39l politics is about Tend to disagree wliberals about the role of interests in int39l politics amp how they change Agree that interests exist but don39t believe they are fixed or obvious Power Power is only important within social contexts which are not simply defined by power relations USUK vs USlran the way the US interacts wthe UK is completely diff from how it treats Iran
Are you sure you want to buy this material for
You're already Subscribed!
Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'