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by: Verona Hegmann


Verona Hegmann
Texas State
GPA 3.7


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About this Document

Class Notes
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Verona Hegmann on Wednesday September 23, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to REC 2330 at Texas State University taught by Staff in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 160 views. For similar materials see /class/212886/rec-2330-texas-state-university in Recreation and Leisure Studies at Texas State University.

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Date Created: 09/23/15
Diversity Celebrating differences among people in a way that allows people to better understand and appreciate those differences and similarities in the pursuit of social justice Definition of prejudice A preconceived beliefor preference for one person place or thing over another closely relates to stereotyping Discrimination The act taken on the basis of prejudice differential treatment of one group that often creates a situation ofdisadvantage for another group Identify primary and secondary dimensions Primary the traits we observe upon meeting people 1 Sex amp Gender 2 Age 3 Ethnicity amp Race 4 Sexual Orientation 5 PhysicalCognitive Abilities amp Qualities Secondary include elements of selfwhich are not necessarily visible and which may change over the course of one s life 1 Marital Status 2 Parental Status 3 Socioeconomic status class 4 educational level 5 type of occupation Etc Values and ethics Values traits characteristics and beliefs people esteem highly in themselves and others Values include intangible things such as religious beliefs honesty and trustworthiness Ethics are based on beliefs about what is good and right not facts or scienti c proof Ethics cover broad issues such as the environment the conduct of business and how one manages and engages in one s personal affairs Where do we get them from Perception of ethics come from different sources religious beliefs reason and logic what is best for the greater number of people the end result and hedonism What is ethical sensitivity The ability to perceive that a situation has ethical component to it 4 basic tensions of ethical decision making 1 Individual vs Collective where the needs ofthe individual or a small group are considered against the claims ofthe larger society 2 Truth vs Loyalty Where personal honesty or integrity is at odds with responsibility and promise keeping 3 Short term vs Long term Where the real and important requirements ofthe present are considered against foresight stewardship and deferred grati cation 4 Justice vs Mercy Where fairness expectations and an equal application of the rules are opposed to empathy compassion and a desire to make exceptions Steps to decision making 1 Realize that there is a problem and that it has an ethical component 2 Determine the individuals involved in the situation and understand their positions and roles 3 Gather relevant information from the involved parties 4 Test for right versus wrong element ofthe situation quotgut test 5 Test for right versus right values embedded in the situation Base it off of core values 6 Apply the most relevant and useful ethical standards to the situation remembering to consider the involved parties the context the ethical issue and the potential consequences 7 Look for a third way it is not uncommon for people to consider an ethical issue from quotmy viewquot and l39your viewquot this can set up eitheror mindset that can be counterproductive 8 Make the decision take action and re ect on it impact Ethic of rights and justice de nes what is right by equal application of rules in an attempt to remain impartial and fairEthics arise out of morals and morality is viewed as one s sense of what is right and good and what is wrong or bad In the predominant US culture ethics involve what is fair and right for the individuals involved Ethic of care defines what is right by the needs of others having the utmost regard for the dignity and intrinsic value of each person and acting out ofa need to maintain connections Criminal law vs tort law Criminal deals with intentional act against the public at large addressed in the state and federal penal code Incidents are followed up in criminal court system ie theft assault homicide etc Tort Deals with civil issues those issues that arise out of living in a community It involves both intentional and unintentional acts based on a breach of some type of contact Lawsuit arise from tort law What is negligence an act that results in personal injury to another or her or his property It typically refers to a situational where an individual was careless in the course of her or his duties resulting in injury to another party Four element must be present Duty an actstandard of care proximate cause and injurydamage Know the 4 components and understand them Duty an obligation to another individual based on legal relationship ActStandard of Care act refers to the actions ofa person in light of the duty owed to participant A certain standard of care is required to maintain a hazardfree environment for all participant Proximate cause the actual cause ofthe injury or damage InjuryDamage Nonfeasance implies direct neglect of duty or not doing something one should Ex Failing to maintain a facility by slowly letting it to age without regular maintenance thus resulting in injury Misfeasance Those act whereby a leader did not exercise due care for the rights of the participant Ex Counselors seeing to campers fighting and not doing anything about it Justifying their actions by saying the camper being beaten up was a bully a deserved it Malfeasance Doing something that one ought not to have done and which may also be illegal Ex Hitting a participant that was using foul language Types of supervision and in what situations do they work well General transitional speci c Direct leadership The act of working with a person or persons directly in a face to face situation Components of each phase and what to do Phase 1 Leadership Preparation Know basic information about the group you are preparing to lead Risk management considerations Have certain goals and objectives to reach set the tone for your participant positive manipulation Phase 2 Priming the group Getting a group39s attention fun unexpected respectful experiential Dividing groups make sure groups are divided evenly both in numbers and ability Learning names Phase 3 Delivery ntroducing an activity identify yourself identify activity explain the object or goal tell story to set mood Difference between goals and objectives A goal may be short term or long term it is a course of action that one intends to follow an aim Objectives are the steps to reaching the goal Types of goals Societal are aims or ideals ofa community they often relate to issues of social justice and environmental stewardship They tend to be culturally relevant and may or may not be in the best interest ofall community members Ex stopping child violence preventing teenage parenthood etc Professional goals relate to several subcomponents that expressly impact face to face leaders professionalism performance standards and ethical behaviors Agency or organizational goals Those espoused by the parks and recreation agency or organization SMART Specific Measurable Achievable Realistic Trackable ABCDs Audience Behavior Condition or Criterion Degree Know how to write objectives Subject Who Verb What Object How Modifier How well Social and professional issues What are social issues Issues that have an impact both god and bad on the quality of life and social mores of the community Ex poverty homelessness crime and violence decline in national fitness levels What are professional issues ssues that affect the professionals within parks recreation and leisure services Ex developing a set of r 39 39 ethics J quot 39 and quot 39 39 and understanding the role leisure plays in quality of life I Types of child abuse examples of each abuse Physical hitting Emotional trying to push a child to be perfect Sexual anything sexual Neglect Signs and indicators Physical bruises fear of physical touch etc Emotional mistrust adults or peers low selfesteem Sexual changing in front of activity leaders STDs Neglect poor hygiene inadequate clothing frequent hunger etc Process of reporting A a report is made by a volunteer or mandated reporter who has quotreasonable suspicion ofabuse occurring B The report is screened through an intake process by child protective services personnel C A decision is made to send out an investigator usually within 24 hours D A case record is made E Findings are recorded F Case and intervention plans are developed and implemented Elder abuse The abuser is most often a member ofthe family most commonly a spouse adult child or grandchild who lives with the victim both woman and men are abusers Different certifications in recreation CPRP Certified Park and Recreation Professional CTRS Certified Therapeutic Recreation Specialist CRSS Certified Recreational Sports Specialist


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