Chapter 1 Continued.pdf
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Date Created: 09/19/14
Chapter One 91914 335 PM How and Why are People Different Origins o Humoural Theory the attempt to find biological bases for individual differences Developed by Hippocrates Galen Four Types 2 Sanguine even tempered blood Choleric irritable yellowbile Melancholic depressed black bile Phlegmatic low energy phlegm 0 Contemporary Assessment of personality Mental measurement The study of individual differences What will my future be 0 Origins Since the ancient oracle at Delphi people wondered about their futures 0 Contemporary Personality psychology tells us 2 Given characteristic x 2 How will x influence life outcomes Wundt s Views Psychoogy s Job 0 Wilhelm Wundt founder of experimental psychology 0 The discipline of psychology studies various mental systems one by one Sensation perception memory etc 2 Affect behavior 2 Temperament born with certain temperament very stableconsistent Heredity plays huge role 0 Personaity s job to organize Analyzing Wundt s Conception 0 Personality is a system 0 A system is a set of interrelated parts Define personality El El El 0 Personality is the organized developing system within the individual that represents the collective action of that individua s major psychological subsystems Self control Knowledge guidance Action implementation Motives and emotions The Molecular Molar Continuum o Sociology Society impacts personality 0 O O O personality Psychology Do tests examine Biology Can39t measure personality with heredity Chemistry Physics Chemical imbalance Personality Amidst its Subsystems o Sociological Level groups including or interacting with o PsychologicalSymbolic Level internal personality external situation 0 Biological Level nervous system situational elements Early FieldWide Personality Frameworks o Fied wide frameworks provide an outline of a discipline and what it studies 0 Earlier frameworks in personality psychology 19581968 Theory by Theory approach El El El El El El Frued Jung Sumvan Cattel Rogers Mayow 19681998 Theoretical Perspective by Perspective approach 2 Psychodynamic 2 Humanistic Trait 2 Socia cognitive 0 Problems with tree Approaches Different theorists or perspectives conflicted An emphasis on theory often overlooked by relevant research which didn39t neatly fit into a theory New Fieldwide Frameworks of Personality o The Systems Framework for Personality Psychology What is personality What are its parts How is it organized How does it develop 0 McAdams 1996 Levels of Knowing What is personality 91914 335 PM 91914 335 PM
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