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Introduction to Music

by: Rogelio Reichert DDS

Introduction to Music MUS 1030

Rogelio Reichert DDS
GPA 3.67

George Riordan

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George Riordan
Class Notes
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Rogelio Reichert DDS on Wednesday September 23, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to MUS 1030 at Middle Tennessee State University taught by George Riordan in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 42 views. For similar materials see /class/212921/mus-1030-middle-tennessee-state-university in Music at Middle Tennessee State University.


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Date Created: 09/23/15
Exam 3 Study Guide Period or Style Altist AltistComposer Additional ZYDECO Clifton Chenier Tu 1e Ton Son Ton MARIACHI La Fiesta Del Mariachi KLEZNIER Der Bosfer SALSA Tito Puente Ran KanKan ANDEAN E1 condor pasa ZIMBABEWE traditional mbira rattle voices KOREAN Fold Music CHINA Zheng Penatonic scale INDIAN RAGA Ravi Shankar Sitar N Indian classical GAMELAN Bali Indonesian MEDIEVAL Alleluia Texture PLAINCHANT from the Mass for monophonic MASS MOVEMENT Epiphany RENAISSANCE Palestrina Kyrie POLYPHONIC From Pope Marcellus MASS SETTING Mass Renaissance John Farmer Fair Phyllis I Saw MADRIGAL RENAISSANCE Michael Praetorius Dances from Dance Music Terpsichore BAROQUE Handel Messiah Every ORATORIO ARIA Valley BAROQUE FUGUE Johann Sebastian Fugue from Prelude From the Well Bach and Fugue in C Minor Tempered Clavier Book 1 BAROQUE Johann Sebastian Bouree and Gigue Binary Form ORCHESTRAL Bach from Orchestral Suite 11 A 11 B 11 SUITE No 3 in D Major MOVEMENTS Classical Period Beethoven Piano Sonata No 8 in Rondo SONATA movement C Minor Op 13 Allegro3 Rondo Form Pathetique III Classical Period Mozart Piano Concerto in E Rondeau CONCERTO at Major K 271 7 Presto movement Finale Classical Period Haydn String Quartet in D First Movement STRING QUARTET Minor Op76 No 2 Allegro movement Quinten Classical Period Beethoven Symphony No 5 in C SYMPHONY Minor Op67 7 movement Movement 1 Mass Mass developed in the medieval period It is normally sung in four or ve voice parts and often supported by instruments like something in the keyboard family The Ordinary is comprised of ve different movements and it is normally a long piece of work with long drawn out lyrics and it is sacred music Madrigal Madrigal developed during the Renaissance A small secular group of voices would sing text in the vernacular Italian or English and in four or ve parts They were mostly sung for enjoyment and they were printed in part books and distributed widely They mostly contain homophonic and polyphonic textures Opera Opera was developed during Baroque The performing forces include soloists orchestra and chorus Opera are usually sung in the language composed but can sometimes also be vernacular It is secular and very dramatic The building blocks are recitative aria overtures choruses and dances In this time frame they normally were focused on history or myths Oratorio Oratorio was developed during Baroque These were large dramatic works with chorus orchestra and soloists It doesn t use acting sets or dance These were mostly drawn from the Old Testament which means it is secular at They are normally sung in the vernacular The building blocks were consisted of recitative aria choruses and overture Concelto Concerto was developed during Baroque It is normally for one or more solo instruments and orchestra Usually consists of three movements fastslowfast or allegroadagioallegro Sonata Sonata was developed during Baroque This was for solo instrument with accompaniment which was either basso continuo or piano It consisted normally of three movements fastslowfast Suite Suite was developed during Baroque It was for a solo instrument small ensemble or orchestra A suite was a set of dances with an opening overture Fugue Fugue was developed during Baroque It is imitative polyphonic built on a single theme Melisma Melisma was developed during Baroque Melisma is when each syllable is assigned a single pitch It will normally be found in recitatives and often represent conversations Tempos slowest t0 fastest Largo adagio andante allegro presto Accelerando speed up gradually Retardando gradually slow down Volumes softest t0 loudest Pianissimo pp piano p mezzo piano mp mezzo forte mf forte f fortissimo ff Crescendo gradually increase volume Decrescendo gradually decrease volume Plainchant The source for plainchant is medieval monophonic sacred chants It is used in the liturgy of the Church Continuo Basso Continuo Thorough bass Included a keyboard instrument and another bass instrument such as a cello violone or bassoon Figured Bass Bass part of a musical composition which is normally from the baroque or classical period and the piece has numbers written above the notes to indicate which chords to play Origins of Baroque and Opera The Florentine Camerata wanted to bring back Greek Drama and in the process they created Opera Difference between Harpsichord and Piano A piano has white with black keys and it works by hitting the keys which then strikes the chords However the harpsichord has white keys with black keys and not only do you play with your fingers like the piano but also play with your feet The harpsichord works by hitting the keys which then activates the pipes some being more than others to create the note or chord needed Baroque characteristics It was a poetic age which began to show emotions feelings and actions Classical characteristics It was a prosaic age that prized balance order and logic Sonata form was developed as well as the symphony and string quartet Phrasing tends to be more regular than in the baroque period Cajun Cajun originated from Louisiana particularly New Orleans because the French were forced out of Canada It is still in Louisiana today Zydeco Zydeco was a style of dance music originating in Louisiana which its performing forces included an accordion guitar and violin It combines French melodies with Caribbean and lbues in uences Tejano Tejano is a style of Mexican American popular music with prominent accordion parts It was in uenced by polka country and western Klezmer Klezmer is atraditional style of Jewish ensemble music with roots in Eastern Europe that features vocals and various instruments especially the violin and the clarinet Salsa Salsa was a Latin American dance music combining aspects of jazz and rock with AfricanCuban melodies Mariachi Mariachi is tradition Mexican folk music played by a small group Camaval music Camaval music is Brazilian celebratory music that is full of passion and joy which is known for celebration music during February before lent What is the most universally common scale and how is it different from Western scales The pentatonic scale is different because it is all the ats and sharp keys on the keyboard and it is known to be played without any sour notes and it always sounds melodic and seems to be perfectly played and perfected What are some traditional instruments used in Native American music The performing forces were vocals and a lot of percussion instruments including drums and rattles Often times a ute would be available


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