Organized and White
Organized and White CJA 3900
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Candida Hayes on Wednesday September 23, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to CJA 3900 at Middle Tennessee State University taught by Lee Wade in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 34 views. For similar materials see /class/212938/cja-3900-middle-tennessee-state-university in Criminal Justice at Middle Tennessee State University.
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Date Created: 09/23/15
October 11 2013 Organized and White Collar Crimes Jamaican Poose History 0 The Jamaican Posse was spawn from repression of Jamaican colonial society 0 Their reputation is built upon and fed by violence so is their survival 0 The term posse comes from wild west gun violence 0 Spawn in the ghettos of Kingston as mercenary street fighters for politicians o Migrationtransshipment point in the 1980s for cocainemarijuana 0 British connects in London Jamaican heritage where not stopped helped them smuggle guns and drugs Parties 0 Abject poverty rampant marijuana use and political corruption that the violent street gangs of Kingston were born 0 Both of Jamaica s major political parties the Jamaican labor party JLP and the peoples national party PNP used the street gangs to in uence the electoral process Politics Gangs o The use of armed gangs and the promotion of violence as strategic initiatives to secure or retain political power became known in Jamaica as political tribalism o The gangs adopted the term posse because of their fondness for American western lms 0 Violence is most often directed at individuals perceived to be a threat to their illegal ventures but bystanders as well 0 They are particularly brutal using torture dismemberment and other extreme measures to intimidate rivals and members 0 19851992 more than 4000 US homicides were attributed to Jamaican gangs 0 Because each neighborhood had certain political loyalties the posses began to merge in order to exert more influence within their favorite political party 0 Cell leaders were sometimes called captains or lieutenants o Vivian Blake early JLP The Jamaican Shower Posse 0 Boss Lester Jim Brown Coke o Founder October 11 2013 68 deaths 13 polices o 14 trials no convictions o Burned Lieutenant Mark Anthony JahT Coke 1992 0 Leader for a brief period 0 Killed before fathers extradition in fire ght 0 1980s ATF estimated 40 Jamaican possesgt 13000 members operating in the US most ofthese are spin offgroups Jamaican Posses o Rat Posse all of whose members have killed Jamaican police officers 0 Hot Steppers Composed only of Jamaican prison escapees who have been convicted ofa capital offense 0 Shower Posse 80 named from its practice of showering victims with bullets o Spangler Aligned with PNP People National Party
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