Popular in American History since 1865
Popular in History
This 2 page One Day of Notes was uploaded by Jake Davis on Friday September 19, 2014. The One Day of Notes belongs to 2112 at a university taught by a professor in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 104 views.
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Date Created: 09/19/14
The Progressive Era The paper prompt is up due the Friday after the test 0 We are at the 3rd and final group that is mad at industrialism we had labor unions and famers as our first two the 3rd are the progressives they are middle class professionals these are the people who benefit from industrialism even thought they still criticize it o Progressives aren t radicals they don t want a revolution and it s the last thing they want But they want reform they think capitalism is a good thing as long as it s in a controlled system They are going to be powerful since they re wealthy populists made the progressive income tax an idea progressives made it into law For their background since they re middle class they hate working in factories How did they found about these ugly sides of industrialism They used investigative journalism There were books such as Upton Sinclair s The Jungle and Ida Tarbell s History of the Standard Oil Company Most were called Muckrakers to investigate what these companies were doing and these books were how the middle class found out about it they also heard about labor strikes from the newspapers this stuff was everywhere So they want to help but they re also freaked out about this they want order and chaos drives them nuts So they just wanted to bring order to the issue So they formed the Progressive Movement So what is the stereotypical progressive Middle class wealthy educated generally speaking white and in a progressive job like a lawyer or doctor For the most part they were deeply religious in Christianity So they wanted to help the hated from their religion and the hated were the laborers and immigrants For the most part their ancestors were anti slavery people because they thought slavery was a sin Often the progressives were women because they couldn t vote at the time and used this as a chance to exercise political power What is it they want 1 Political reform they hated the political machines like Tammany Hall who always bought out the votes progressive thought it was corruption they wanted an honest government and they formed city councils to be more immune to corruption unlike a single mayor They also took civil service exams to see who is the best person for the job to rise on merit instead of connections 2 Scientific efficiency they think scientific experts are the best people to run the govemment they thought scientific experiments were best to get rid of social issues 3 Economic reform progressives think there is too much power in too few hands they wanted the govemment to come in and solve that issue but they didn t want to be socialists or anarchists again they only wanted a reform they feared revolution and thought if they didn t reform there would just be a revolution 4 Social Justice they wanted to help the power and help the people without the power it was popular within the African American progressive movements lead by the black middleclass it had people like WEB DuBois leading it these people were civil rights leaders back in the days The other groups were called social gospels progressives they be believed Christ were calling to them to help out the poor and the immigrants The phrase what would Jesus do was created from this movement Charles Sheldon was huge in these progressive movements and the civil rights movements He Wrote a book called In His Steps 1896 Progressives hated alcohol as Well Triangle had examples of these The progressives also established houses like Hull houses designed for the poor immigrant neighborhoods they were staffed with mostly middle class Women One person who founded the Hull house was Jane Adams They were not only active with the locals but they also bashed the govemment but some govemments would respond that they should back at their homes but the women responded back by saying the city is the home and they were housekeeping Is the idea of the Hull house good It s good but it s problematic This brings us into the downside of progressive movement they Wanted to help the poor be turned into them which was mostly White middleclass classmen It was going into Ways of keeping their houses in an American way It parallels assimilation Teddy Roosevelt is the best progressive president he matches the critera White Wealthy and educated He likes everything big industry and govemment Even as a Republican he had his concem with the industries He attacked some industries this freaks out the GOP so much that he eventually left the party and formed his own He was friends with the unions which was rarely seen at this time He sided with miners in the strike of 1902 He also loved nature the progressives also gave birth to environmentalism because they blamed the industries on destroying nature they proposed getting scientists to look over nature and observe the amount of resources We have Industrialism was also exhausting so they formed the natural park system under the Roosevelt administration the grand canyon was one of them
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