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PSYC 3082: Chapter 2

by: Meghan Davis

PSYC 3082: Chapter 2 3082

Meghan Davis
Developmental Psychology

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About this Document

Chapter 2: Integrative Approach to Psychopathology
Developmental Psychology
One Day of Notes
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This 4 page One Day of Notes was uploaded by Meghan Davis on Friday September 19, 2014. The One Day of Notes belongs to 3082 at Louisiana State University taught by Gros in Fall2014. Since its upload, it has received 75 views. For similar materials see Developmental Psychology in Psychlogy at Louisiana State University.


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Date Created: 09/19/14
Chapter 2 Wednesday September 3 2014 1034 AM 0 One Dimensional models 0 Explain behavior in terms of a single cause 0 Tendency to ignore information from other areas 0 Multidimensional models O Interdisciplinary eclettic and integrative 0 quotsystemquot of in uences that cause and maintain suffering O Draws upon information om several sources 0 Abnormal behavior results om multiple in uences 0 Major in uences I Biological I Behavioral I Emotional I Social and cultural I Developmental lnfl Eletf itn l rquotn i1iaIb E l E t39E3939Fl ElE1liE3939E5r5iEF lH3Frll3 D i fEI39lquot Ji any1 ii liqquotEllE L39i39a rIl Sggriz E19 t I 1EIEi maize aru1 P LIrEaJLIrIEI ir hi1LH Samp V YIFi quotEl liquot IF39iquotlgi393IFi glii3 5J A i Li1Iih39sna edrampe 55 and IiJE3939l5ilT Ps iE5v is Juadlji lamlsa I L N I quotll El n39I39FI unsas O Junaw 1aim39bngrauas5w 391J4393939i39l E im i1im1mliE5 m mmh In 54I garml hgemi Ii F rwEn 5 an Family ru h in help lhEr ii F39f1J39IIElgi39l J5 Ei39IlEJ hair I Dieataura rizzalrhi g L5 ltg i ilff wrong 21 bledcu 3rnirgr eitnmimew man 39quotfi39if lT rlJ 39E1quotLI3I 39 3iram HEFItHI39i39 Taereak39rrnngr E2 rzneuzamuzs area mind i I 1I nS lTIquoti5IElI39uili l39g InI39E 3 llEt ampiuna39i an Eeag itieuelnflrmeneejs 1 I it i lFc3i Ii Fia39iEl F1 39 quot E3939 gi39il139 g39 Genetic contributions to psychopathology Psychology 3082 Page 1 Phenotype vs genotype Nature of genes Deoxyribonucleic acid DNA the double helix 23 pairs of chromosomes Dominant vs recessive genes Development and behavior is often polygenetic 0 Genetic contribution to psychopathology Less than 50 The interaction of genetic and environmental effects 0 Eric Kandel and gene environment interactions 0 The diathesis stress model Ex blood injury injection phobia alcoholism Ltxsordozv Alcoholism m Lute events u tlr t ur 4quoturu139u nlnur1t nlxty Petson 01 becomes atcohouc 0 Reciprocal gene environment model EX depression impulsivity 0 Non genomic inheritance of behavior Genes are not the whole story Environmental in uences may override genetics Neuroscience contributions to psychopathology 0 The eld of neuroscience The role of the nervous system ir1 disease and behavior 0 Branches of human nervous system The central nervous system CNS III Brain and spinal cord The peripheral nervous system PNS II Somatic and autonomic branches Psychology 3082 Page 2 Strossor lone bouts 0 lt lt1nnk 1quot II o IiillIltI doesm become alooholoc Conlnl Ncrvout Svyulum brown than 0 Peripheral Nonouc Syshom quotn41 r u f39ov 39u snm nv 139nn1nn Alrnztrtnti I1 rnnV ArtnLyr quotsn39cs S1YllVMI Ewnvs Nvvm Pu uvr39rr at L C4zsmws om y PO V 4 Di g A10 zmc ntwom 395omlc Mvums 4 vnlo IK53 vnkuvu tgyncqsrcvtc I umwNn divsMv39 itaut 0 Central nervous system 0 The neuron I Soma cell body I Dendrites branches that receive messages from other neurons I Axon trunk of neuron that sends messages to other neurons I Axon terminals buds at the end of axon lrom which chemical messages are sent I Synapses small gaps that separate neurons 0 Neurons operate electrically but communicate chemically I Neurotransmitters are the chemical messengers O Limbic system I Thalamus receives and integrates sensory information I Hypothalamus eating drinking aggression sexual activity 0 Lobes of cerebral cortex I Frontal thinking and reasoning abilities memory I Parietal touch recognition I Occipital integrates visual input I Temporal recognition of sights and sounds longterm memory storage 0 Peripheral nervous and endocrine systems 0 Somatic branch of PNS I Controls voluntary muscles and movement 0 Autonomic branch of the PNS I Sympathetic and parasympathetic branches I Regulates cardiovascular system and body temperature I Also regulates the endocrine system and aids in digestion O The endocrine system I Hormones O The hypothalamic pituitary adrenalcortical axis HPA axis I Integration of endocrine and nervous system function 0 Functions of Mair1 types of neurotransmitters 0 Functions of neurotransmitters Psychology 3082 Page 3 I Agonists antagonists and inverse agonists I Most drugs are either agonistic or antagonistic O Mair1 types of neurotransmitters I Serotonin 5 HT I Gamma aminobutyric acid GABA I Norepinephrine I Dopamine 0 Implications of Neuroscience for Psychopathology 0 Relations between brain and abnormal behavior I Ex obsessive compulsive disorder OCD O Psychosocial in uences I Can change brain structure and function 0 Therapy I Also can change brain structure and inction I Medications and psychotherapy 0 Psychosocial factors I Ir1teract with brain structure and inction 0 The contributions of behavioral and cognitive science 0 Conditioning and cognitive processes I Respondent and operant learning I Learned helplessness I Social learning III Modeling and observational learning I Prepared learning 0 The role of emotion in psychopathology 0 Components of emotion I Behavior physiology and cognition I Example of fear 0 Harmful side of emotional dysregulation I Anger hostility emotional suppression illness and psychopathology 0 Cultural social and interpersonal factors ir1 psychopathology 0 Cultural factors I In uence the form and expression of behavior 0 Gender effects I Exert a strong and puzzling effect on psychopathology 0 Social effects on health and behavior I Frequency and quality important I Related to mortality disease and psychopathology 0 Summary of the multidimensional perspective of psychopathology 0 Multiple causation I Is the rule not the exception 0 Take a broad comprehensive systemic perspective I Biological I Psychological I Social cultural and developmental actors 0 Comprehensive approach I Understanding the causes of psychopathology I To best alleviate and prevent psychopathology Psychology 3082 Page 4


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