The Experience of Literature
The Experience of Literature ENGL 2030
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Perry McClure on Wednesday September 23, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to ENGL 2030 at Middle Tennessee State University taught by Alyson Lynn in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 85 views. For similar materials see /class/213076/engl-2030-middle-tennessee-state-university in Education and Teacher Studies at Middle Tennessee State University.
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Date Created: 09/23/15
N Literature Terms fro Unit 3 Drama Drama derived from the Greek word dramto do or to perform Drama may refer to a single play a group of plays or to all plays Drama is designed for performance in a theater actors take on the roles of characters perform indicated actions and speak the dialogue written in the script Playwright a writer who makes plays Acts Amajor division in the action of a play The ends of acts are typically indicated by lowering the curtain or turning up the houselights Playwrights frequently employ acts to accommodate changes in term setting characters onstage or mood In many fulllength plays acts are further divided into scenes which often mark a point in the action when the location changes or when a new character enters Scenes a sub division of an act In modern plays scenes usually consist of units of action in which there are no changes in the setting or breaks in the continuity of time According to traditional conventions a scene changes when the location of the action shifts or when a new character enters One Act Playa play that takes place in a single location and unfolds as one continuous action The characters in a oneact play are presented economically and the action is sharply focused Exposition a narrative device often used at the beginning of a work that provides necessary background information about the characters and their circumstances Exposition explains what has gone on before the 39 quot 39 39 between 39 the d 39 I of a theme and the introduction of a con ict Stage Directions a playwright s written instructions about how the actors are to move and behave in a play They explain in which direction characters should move what facial expressions they should assume and so on 8 O N LA UI Drama Irony creates a discrepancy between what a character believes or says and what the reader or audience member knows to be true Soliloquy a dramatic convention by means of which a character alone onstage utters his or her thoughts aloud Playwrights use soliloquies as a convenient way to inform the audience about a character39s motivations and state of mind Shakespeare s Hamlet delivers perhaps the best known of all soliloquies which begins to be or not to be Reversal The point in a story when the protagonist s fortunes turn in unexpected direction Comic Relief a humorous scene or incident that alleviates tension in an otherwise serious work In many instances these moments enhance the thematic signi cance of the story in addition to providing laughter When Hamlet jokes with the gravediggers we laugh but something hauntingly serious about the humor also intensi es our more serious emotions Tragedy a story that presents courageous individuals who confront powerful forces within or outside themselves with a dignity that reveals the breadth and depth of the human spirit in the face of failure defeat and even death Tragicomedy a type of drama that combines certain elements of both tragedy and comedy The play s plot tends to be serious leading to a terrible catastrophe until an unexpected turn in events leads to a reversal of circumstance and the story ends happily Tragicomedy often employs a romantic fastmoving plot dealing with love jealousy disguises treachery intrigue and surprises all moving toward a melodramatic resolution Shakspeare39s Merchant of Venice is atragicomedy High Comedy refers to verbal wit such as puns whereas Low Comedy is generally associated with physical action and is less intellectual Well made Play a realistic style of play that employs conventions including plenty of suspense created by meticulous plotting Wellmade plays are tightly and logically constructed and lead to a logical resolution that is favorable to the protagonist This dramatic structure was popularized in France by Eugene Scribe 17911861 and Victorien
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