Communication Theory, Culture, and Films
Communication Theory, Culture, and Films COMM 3300
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Date Created: 09/23/15
COMM 3300 Exam II Review Sheet The exam will cover material from all assigned chapters as well as all lectures and handouts The list that follows represents key areas of the textbook and lectures to study for the exam In general focus on the topics we have covered in class I will not ask you anything that comes purely from the text if it is not listed below Please feel free to contact me through email or of ce hours if you have any questions Chapter Fifteen 1 Elaboration Likelihood Model 2 Central phenomenon a persuasion can be achieved through both high and low cognitive elaboration same destination but different thinking modes b persuasion achieved through high cognitive elaboration tends to have more durable and lasting efect What is cognitive elaboration What is Cognitive Elaboration Continuum What is central route of processing high elaboration a Assesses the central merits of a person issue or a position 5 What is peripheral route of processing low elaboration a Use simple decision rules to make judgements 6 Consequences of different amounts of thinking Factors Affecting Elaboration Motivation and ability 5 gt1 Chapter Sixteen 1 Cognitive Dissonance Theory 2 Central phenomenon a Cognitive dissonance is an aversive drive that causes people to 1 avoid opposing viewpoints 2 seek reassurance after making a tough decision and 3change private beliefs to match public behavior when there is minimal justification for an action Selfconsistency a sense of personal responsibility or selfaffirmation can explain dissonance reduction 3 Process Model of Cognitive Dissonance 4 How to reduce dissonance between action and attitudes a Selective exposure b Post decision dissonance c Minimal justification 5 Minimal justification hypothesis a A claim that the best way to stimulate an attitude change in others is to offer just enough incentive to elicit counter attitudinal behavior Chapter Seventeen 1 Functional Perspective on Group Decision Making 2 Central phenomenon a a prescriptive approach that describes and preditcs taskgroup performance when four communication functions are fulfilled4 functions of decision making 3 Four Functions for Effective Decision Making a Analysis of the Problem b Goal Settings 0 Identi cation of Alternatives d Evaluation of Positive and negative characteristics 4 The role of Communication in ful lling the functions a Promotive interaction that moves the group along the goal path by calling attention to one ofthe four requisite decisionmaking functions b Disruptive interaction that divertsretards or frustrates group members39 ability to achieve the four task functions c Counteractive interaction that members use to get the group back on track Chapter Twenty Two 1 Dramatism 2 Central phenomenon a Life is not like a drama life is a drama b Drama is always addressed to an audience i By analyzing the acts in life we uncover human motives 3 Components of Dramatistic Pentad How to use this method to code symbolic interaction a The Act i First element of a human drama ii what was done b The Scene i The context for the act 0 The agent i The person who performs the act d The agency i The means the agent used to do the deed e The purpose i The stated or implied goal of an act 4 What is identi cation Why is it important for persuasion a The recognized common ground between speaker and audience 5 According to Burke what is the GuiltRedemption Cycle a To purge ourselves if an everpresent all inclusive sense of guilt 6 De ne Morti cation and Scapegoating a Morti cation Confession of guilt and request forgiveness b Scapegoating Naming external enemy as source for guilt Chapter Twenty Eight 1 Agenda setting theory Central phenomenon 3 Media agenda and Public agenda a Media the pattern of news coverage across major print and broadcast media as measured by the prominence and length of stories b Public the most important public issues as measured by public opinion surveys 4 Index of curiosity a measure of the extent to which individuals need for orientation motivates them to let the media shape their views 5 Framing the selection of a restricted number of thematically related attributes for inclusion on the media agenda when a particular object or issue is discussed N Chapter Thirty 1 Communication Accommodation Theory Central phenomenon Accommodation is a process concerned with how we can both reduce and magnify communicative differences between people in interaction 2 Accommodation 3 Divergence signals distinctiveness and differences 1 Convergence enhances liking and similarities 2 Different Motivations for Convergence and Divergence 3 Use relevant evaluative criteria to evaluate these two theories Chapter Thirty One 1 Face Negotiation Theory 2 Central phenomenon a this theory explains how people of different cultural backgrounds negotiate face in conflict situations 3 Face and facework a Face the projected image of one39s self in a relational situation b Facework specific verbal and nonverbal messages that help construct repair or give face 4 Features of collectivistic culture and individualistic culture 0 lndividualistic vs collectivistic cultures 0 defining the self collectivist group membership weidentity individualist individual traits lindentity 0 Goal collectivist focus on ingroup goals individualist focus on self goals 0 Communication collectivist high context focus on contextual cues individualist lowcontext focus on explicit meaning 5 Selfconstrual