Foundations of Government
Foundations of Government PS 1010
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Taurean Paucek on Wednesday September 23, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to PS 1010 at Middle Tennessee State University taught by David Carleton in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 33 views. For similar materials see /class/213125/ps-1010-middle-tennessee-state-university in Political Science at Middle Tennessee State University.
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Date Created: 09/23/15
Aspects of the 20111 Century 1 Politics of Organized Insanity a Argument by Zbigniew Brezinski one 20111 century political mind b The sad storyquot says that when we look back on 20111 century politics instead of hopeful politics we have a mass slaughter this is politics39 worst failure i We fought lots of long wars the length of wars increased ii We changed why we fought wars more civilians are killed than combatants at a shocking ratio of 3 or 4 to 1 there is no longer an unwritten rule to avoid civilians A new form of government was established in the 192039s Totalitarian government now joined the ranks of widespread Democratic and Authoritarian governments 1 A Totalitarian government holds power over all aspects of citizens39 lives both personal and political 2 Totalitarian governments also tended to wipe out entire segments of their own population eg Nazi Germany iv New science and technology was applied to wars especially by Totalitarian governments 1 New science and technology was applied to wars and Totalitarian government Logistics were key for 20111 century slaughter c Total 20111 century slaughter i Wars 1 33000000 military 2 54000000 civilians ii Ideological Totalitarian killings 85000000 approx iii Total human cost 1 172000000 1139 2 The Third Wave a Samuel Huntington far more positive argument b During the 20111 century global democracy grew to fruition In 1900 there were 5 or 6 democracies but today there are 6570 i No 2 democracies have ever fought a fullblown war against one another This is democratic peace Most democracies fail however we have reached the third wavequot of democracy meaning that this time will be successful The growth of democracy is a key part of the US39s democratic policies iv Based on history within the next 510 years we may lose several new democracies to opposition elections See below illustration v Problems often stem from new democracies vi We m protect democracy Clinton advocated this H H 1139 Continual Growth of Democracy 1900 56 9 1922 33 9 1942 11 9 1962 51 9 1975 29 9Present 6570 9211 Comparative Politics Why Compare 1 Chimamanda Adichie The Danger of a Single Storyquot video a b We are impressionable and affected by everything We respond accordingly if we only hear one side of the story Every societyis a whole and complete society 2 Aspects ofa good societyquot a raw 951 rqq Wealth GDP or Gross Domestic Product i Not necessarily a good determinant because many things aren39t monetized eg if a child supports an elderly parent GDP is based on a total without looking at distribution or taking into account the fact that negative things are often monetized eg spending more money on guns in an unsafe society Education i What is the quality of education What is the level of stateprovided education Civil equali Status of both political and criminal safety and peace Free truthful information Political organization i Constitutionalism Transparent government i Eg the US39s Sunshine Laws Social mobility Social oor i What is the minimum quality of life 3 How do you determine what to value in a government 9711 Introduction to The Good Society 1 One of the best ways to capture a picture of a society is by using the infant mortality and life expectancy rates a Other ways include i Ability to make informed decisions ie education ii Political and criminal safety iii Civil and political rights 2 Capability Approach see The Good Societydocx 3 Institutional Approach see The Good Societydocx State vs Government vs Nation 1 State To exist a state must have 1 a territorial component and 2 alegal component a It is extremely dif cult to change a state a state is concrete 2 Country Same as state Government Legal component of a state 4 Nation A nation is made up of the people their sense of identity essentially the psychological component Nation is a crucial political ideal people will die for their nation a It is easier to change a nation rather than a state Nations change every 50 years giving in to what makes sense 5 NationState Since 1648 politics are exercised through nationstates a marriage of the above concepts a Ways to mismatch nation state i Stateless people eg Kurds Palestinians ii Divided state eg Korea iii Multi national states eg Soviet Union W
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