Introduction to Earth Science
Introduction to Earth Science GEOL 1030
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This 7 page Class Notes was uploaded by Owen Boyle V on Wednesday September 23, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to GEOL 1030 at Middle Tennessee State University taught by Albert Ogden in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 286 views. For similar materials see /class/213138/geol-1030-middle-tennessee-state-university in Geology at Middle Tennessee State University.
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Date Created: 09/23/15
l The atmosphere a becomes more dense with increasing altitude b becomes less dense with increasing altitude c remains at constant density with increasing altitude d becomes less dense throughout the troposphere and then more dense in the stratosphere 2 In the troposphere air pressure and temperature with increasing altitude A increases decreases B increases increases C decreases increases D decreases decreases E remains the same decreases 3 Compared to UV light visible light is wavelength and energy A longer lower B shorter higher C longer higher D shorter lower E none of these 4 Infrared radiation is selectively absorbed by A ozone B carbon dioxide C kryptonite D water vapor 5 Radiation with long wavelength and low frequency a is high energy radiation b is low energy radiation c has the same energy as all other forms of radiation d is Xrays 6 Ultraviolet radiation is selectively absorbed by A ozone B carbon dioxide C kryptonite D water vapor 7 If scientists were to spread a thin layer of dark ashes on the Antarctic ice cap we would expect that the albedo of the region would leading to a increase warming of the region b decrease regional warming c increase regional cooling d decrease regional cooling 8 Ifthe Earth39s albedo were to by melting of glaciers or decrease in cloud cover the surface of our planet would 7 a increase warm b increase cool c decrease cool d decrease warm 9 The temperature changes that we associate with the seasons result from changes in a insolation intensity b duration of daylight c Earth39s distance from the sun d all of the above e A amp B 10 All else being equal when the sun heats soil and water on a hot summer day a the soil becomes hotter than the water b the water becomes hotter than the soil c the soil and the water heat to equal temperatures d the soil receives a larger quantity of solar radiation 11 Relative humidity is 50 two days in a row but one day is much warmer than the other Which day has the higher absolute humidity the warmer day or the colder day a the warmer day b both have the same absolute humidity c the colder day d this cannot be determined using only this data 121 I quot isa 39 39 J quot isa 39 a warming cooling b cooling warming c negative feedback positive feedback 13 is the amount of water vapor in air compared to the maximum it can hold at a given temperature a Relative humidity b Dew point c Absolute humidity d Adiabatic lapse rate 14 Once clouds start to form rising air a cools more quickly than it did lower in the atmosphere b heats up c no longer cools as rapidly as it did lower in the atmosphere d turns into rain e none ofthese 15 Orographic lifting creates abundant precipitation on the a leeward side of a mountain range b 0n the crest and windward side of a mountain range c in the rain shadow zone d over the nearest large body of water 16 If a parcel of air is capable of holding 28 grams per cubic meter but it only contains 21 grams per cubic meter then its relative humidity would be percent a 50 b 25 c 75 17 Which of the following IS NOT conducive to the formation of a radiation fog a clear skies b calm to light winds c rising temperatures d temperature below the dew point 18 Large volumes of water evaporate when air a loses heat by radiation and cools b gains heat by radiation and warms c warms adiabatically quotwithout mixingquot as it sinks to a lower elevation hint consider air pressure and its effects d cools adiabatically as it rises to a higher elevation 19 The way large amounts of condensation are typically brought about in nature is a by warming air b by making air rise ascend c by adding more water vapor to the air d by making air descend 20 Which of the following conditions is likely to lead to rain a warm moist air rises b cool moist air sinks c warm air makes contact with cool surfaces d moist air sinks as it passes over the lee side of a mountain 21 An fog forms when warm moist air blows over a cold land mass or cold water A advection B evaporation C upslope D radiation E dewpoint 22 In the southeastern United States advection fogs most commonly form in A spring C winter B fall D summer 23 A cloud type formed by strong convection currents is a cirrus b lenticular c stratus d cumulonimbus 24 Conduction is very important in all of the following processes EXCEPT A thermal lift B subsidence C ground fog D dew 25 Hail is a more common in warm fronts b typical of nimbostratus clouds c more common in cold fronts d more common in late fall than summer 26 The UNIT used worldwide by the vast majority of weather services to measure barometric pressure a Pounds per square inch b Inches of mercury c Centimeter of mercury d Millimeter of mercury e Millibar 27 Air pressure with elevation a Varies irregularly b Increases c Decreases d Is constant 28 Ideally the horse latitudes are centered at approximately degrees north and south latitude a 5 b 30 c 45 d 60 29 Where is the Coriolis Effect the greatest a At the Equator b At the Tropic of Capricorn and Cancer c At the North Pole d At 45 degrees latitude in each hemisphere 30 In the southern hemisphere the wind circulation around a high is a Counterclockwise spiraling inward b Clockwise spiraling inward c Clockwise spiraling outward d Clockwise spiraling inward and outward e Counterclockwise spiraling outward 31 A major pressure system characterized by convection is the a Equatorial low b Subtropical high c Trade winds d Westerlies 32 The trade winds originate in the a Polar highs b Subtropical highs c Equatorial lows d Subpolar lows 33 An is usually characterized by clear skies gentle winds and a general lack of precipitation a Anticyclone b Front c Cyclone d Track 34 In areas of low surface pressure air is A convecting expanding and cooling B convecting contracting and cooling C subsiding contracting and heating D subsiding expanding and heating 35 The intertropical convergence zone ITCZ a Never gets south of the equator b Causes a seasonal shift in a quotbeltquot of precipitation when it moves c Is weakest at the solstices d is irregular in width but has consistent and dependable winds 36 Which of the following largely determines the speed of upper air winds a pressure gradient force b coriolis effect c friction d all of these 37 During zonal ow the upper air winds near the top of the troposphere typically ow A from west to east B from east to west C in broad meandering patterns D north to south 38 The marks the location where the westerlies and polar easterlies meet a horse latitudes b polar front c midlatitude convergence zone d ITCZ 39 In the midwest recordsetting cold temperatures often result when a air mass invades the region a mP b cP c cA d mT 40 The air masses that are MOST important to the weather of the southeastern United States are a cPampmT b mPampcP c cTampmP dmTampcT 41 When a cold air mass overtakes a warm air mass a the cold air rises leading to precipitation b the cold air rises leading to fair weather c the warm air rises leading to precipitation d the warm air rises leading to fair weather 42 Midlatitude cyclones a Usually move across North America from east to west b Are generally only found over the ocean c Generally bring clear skies and little precipitation d Are regions of strong temperature contrasts 43 Short duration high intensity rainfall is associated most often with a A cold front b Orographic lift c A warm front d all of these 44 An approaching cold front is indicated by a An increase in temperature decrease in pressure b An increase in temperature increase in pressure c A decrease in temperature increase in pressure d A decrease in temperature decrease in pressure 45 The most common type of weather front in Middle Tennessee is an A cold front B occluded front C warm front D stationary front E eastern front For the following weather phenomena 46 50 choose the mechanism a e that is MOST LIKELY to cause it You may use each answer more than once a frontal lift b thermal lift c orographic lift d subsidence e radiational cooling amp conduction 46 midlatitude cyclone 47 aftemoon thundershowers 48 air mass weather 49 ground fog 50 rain shadow For questions 51 55 match the phrase with the BEST answer from the following word list Some answers may be used more than once a cumulus b cirrus c stratus d alto e nimbo 51 Cloud form that is best described as sheets or layers that cover much or all of the sky STRATUS 52 Clumped cloud masses that can have a billowy or cauli owerlike structure CUMULUS 53 High clouds that form delicate hairlike patches or extended wispy fibers CIRRUS 54 This term is used to describe clouds that produce precipitation NIMBO 55 These are often called quotfair weatherquot clouds ALTO For questions 56 60 match the phrase with the best answer from the following choices Some answers may be used more than once a cilrostratus b cumulonimbus c altostratus d cirrocumulus e nimbostratus 56 Thunder and lightning are most often associated with these clouds CIRROCUMULUS 57 A dark gray low cloud that blankets the sky and often generates precipitation NIMBOSTRATUS 58 This is a high layered cloud that precedes a warm front CIRROSTRATUS 59 Tornadoes are associated with this cloud type CUMULONIMBUS 60 This layered cloud occurs at a medium height compared to other clouds in this family ALTOSTRATUS MINERAL LAYOUT Sl ll l 39l NONSILICATE M V N ERA 45 a Sly 951ml 16031430 Sclcnitc Satin Spur NaCl 4 i h In
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