New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here


by: Sandy Turcotte
Sandy Turcotte
GPA 3.58

William Leggett

Almost Ready


These notes were just uploaded, and will be ready to view shortly.

Purchase these notes here, or revisit this page.

Either way, we'll remind you when they're ready :)

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

William Leggett
Class Notes
25 ?




Popular in Course

Popular in anthropology, evolution, sphr

This 10 page Class Notes was uploaded by Sandy Turcotte on Wednesday September 23, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to ANTH 3010 at Middle Tennessee State University taught by William Leggett in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 10 views. For similar materials see /class/213147/anth-3010-middle-tennessee-state-university in anthropology, evolution, sphr at Middle Tennessee State University.


Reviews for Ethnology


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 09/23/15
Review Sheet Exam 2 A Space on the Side of the Road Kathleen Stewart Consider how the hills and lives of West Virginia constitute a double sided landscape In the literal sense there were literally hills that had an above ground side and an underground side There was a dark under belly of the hill itself It shows us that there are hills we did not see which in itself tells us there is a side to these people we also do not see Be able to discuss the process of tracking How do people track What do they track Why Consider sights sounds and smells as relevant in tracking Tracking is a large part of their everyday lives They track literally everything Sounds can be used to track for example by the sound of someone s truck You can track that truck by how far it sounds the timing of it you can also track the movement of people across the landscape based on these sounds People would also track time by these sounds and how long they have lingered in a place Smells can be relevant by revealing activities and triggering narratives They can smell something cooking which will trigger a conversation concerning if a neighbor has found work Another person smells greens cooking and then accuses them of being hateful Emotion is elaborated on in conjunction with all the senses Tracking is how they use their senses in conjunction with the navigation of their surroundings and it informs their environmental understanding which will also invoke narratives relationships and antagonisms How is Stewart using narrative as an ethnographic method As a theoretical approach As a writing strategy She is using a lot of words for her ethnographic method in general She uses events as they are mediated through narrative as her ethnographic method It is part of her theoretical toolkit but she also documents how they use narrative to construct their own realities She also uses their narratives to tell stories as well in three ways 1 She is doing anthropology that is narrative analysis She has decided the best method is to capture and analyze their narratives 2 Consider the location of theory in the text Can we make a distinction between local or emic theoriesconcepts and externalacademic etic theoriesconcepts Why or why not In responding consider the fact that in the end this is Stewart s text we are reading a work of her own construction and editing At the same time the goal of the text is to represent or re present as honestly as possible a space of culture and encounter Be able to analyze snippets of text within the context of a specific theoryconcept Examples from chapter 1 Honey I started up Come on past Creed Walker su past Sonny Lily sand I come to the place down by Fred s where the creek branches out Barker s ridge 30 How when Riley Meadows holed up after his wife died his neighbors watched for him And they say he s got a calendar in there on his wall and every morning he gets up he marks a X through another day gone by without her He counts the days she s gone 54 What concepts or key terms is Stewart illustrating through these quotations Places on the landscape that carry stories with them The events that happened at the places themselves 7 perhaps the theories of Chronotopes The landscape is alive and animated Their own bodies become like their trucks starting up and moving down It transcends how people start to think of how their bodies are constructed and moves She illustrates how they are living in a different reality that doesn t often make sense It illustrates the confusions between people who live inside the hills and those who live outside the hills In the book we don t often witness people doing things we are understanding events through different narratives and how their reality is understood through these narratives Consider the way we as readers receive information Be able to compare this approach to that of classical anthropology as understood and critiqued by Rosaldo I am referring to a distinction between the objectivist rhetoric of classic anthropology and the narrative approach of processual or constructivist anthropology Classical anthropology was largely concerned with the direct observation and then the scienti c regurgitation of the rituals observed With her work there is not an observation of rituals What we have instead is events that are mediated through the local narrative Consider Stewart s defmitions of Narrative o In a story world is mediated by word 27 o Narrative is first and foremost a mediating form through which meaning must pass Stories in other words are productive 29 Here a cultural epistemology is not only implicit in the content of narrated events but is also given in the ideology of form itself 37 Imagine a world where texts are not just symbols of something else but acts of negation and excess that indicate the power of a double occupied place to exceed the space allotted to it by its own history 50 Storytelling as a way to cope with a changing disappearing reality A way to deal with absence and the constant presence of that absence in empty houses decimated cars or the burnt remains of a place scabbed over a chimney standing sentinel in pieces of landscape marked by death or disappearance by violence rape guns and carryin on 65 Imagine the kind of place where when something happens people make sense of it not by constructing an explanation of what happened but by offering accounts of its impacts traces and signs 56 Picture how narratives of and in such a place effect a mimetic reenchantment of a world got down 58 How do narratives work in a space where there is no middle class presence to embody a path of safety and success through the battleground of capital and labor no re departments to save the houses that are constantly burning down no police except for the state police who occasionally come down to the camps to set up sweeping roadblocks and stop and search everyone leaving the camps all day and night Here people complain about mean teachers and the rationalized discipline of the schools and parents strike the schools pulling their kids out for days or weeks at a time Here lawyers and judges are likened to vultures preying on the weak Social service professionals are mean and there are stories of their shameless abuse of the old people and the helpless Doctors give people pills that make them sick and subject bodies to humiliating probes and internal exams TV news is something to talk back to 124 How are spaces outside the creeks hollers and coal mines of West Virginia narrated Why are we the reading audience continually askedbeggedpleaded with to imagine andor picture the Space on the Side of the Road Because there is a lot going on in this space that are constantly in motion Things there quoty being 139 39 J and r 39 J and that is part 0fthe place itself There have been many depictions of Appalachia that are very static and are often described factually that inform our imagination and understanding of this population It turns them into an other not like us Her work was a counter argument to this an dominant othering While she doesn t paint them as extremely different from the white trash imagery we are used to she is instead trying to make them three dimensional through imagery because it it not a static or ahistorical space It is a space that is very mobile It is not just the anthropology of the people itself it is also the anthropology of the landscape What does Stewalt mean when she describes these West Virginia towns as worlds of constantly present absence How is this text different from classic anthropology For example could what she is describing be considered through a lens of ritual How about performance Why or why not What unites it with or separates it from ritual From performance The text is full of theoretical concepts you should be familiar with An incomplete list 1 Mimesis imitation the representation or imitation of the real world 58 But not just an imitation but an imitation that through imitation comments on the real world And distances you from the real world as well Be able to illustrate 2 Allegory an extended or continued metaphor Description of a subject under the guise of some other subject of aptly suggestive resemblance In this context a take it as an extended comment on a set of presumptions about how someone should act Be able to illustrate 3 Nervous System Taussig a way of thinking about social relations the way we interact We ll come back to this In the book Taussig says that the nervous system is a system of control hierarchy and intelligence 2 Taussig which is exactly the shape system of most societies Whomever has the intelligence has the control and is in fact part of the hierarchy topmost echelon 2 Taussig Another point he makes is that society operates on a level of cause and effect For instance when a person becomes nervous chemicals are sent throughout the body creating anxiety nervousness In a society though when a person or a group of people become threatened the threatened part or person becomes anxious inciting the entire group or at least the majority 4 Alterity a way of making distance Another way of saying other really Alterity The state of being other or different 5 Poesis The process of making production creation creativity culture A form of creative synthesis A materially based making of the text into something of use positioning it phrase by phrase in complex relation to one39s projects 6 The Other Appalachia as other to the real America But it is also an other world more real than the real and resembling dream or ction 50 It as an Other world re created through talk 7 A world got down 46 47 8 Takin to 9 Caught up in a story 34 36 The audience participates in the intensi cation of a narrative space through the repetition of phrases for emphasis the spinning digressions into multiple diverging associations of places 37 Can t avoid the comings and goings the questions asked the knowledge you might have about others comings and goings 53 10 Back talk 11 Smothering in a place 12 Makin somethin of thangs 13 Space on the side of the road stands as a graphic model to think with It narrativizes social and moral orders and makes a text not just an object of knowledge but the very place where the social code is continually dissolved and reconstructed It becomes a space in which people literally nd themselves caught in space and time irreducible subjects encountering a world It places the storyteller on the same place with the story and produces not meaning per se but points of view voices and tropes It implies both the contingency of subject positions and the reversibility of things the ability to turn time back on itself and to reinscribe events in distinct voices In such a place culture itself can be seen as nothing more and nothing less than what people say 38 Her understanding of narrative pushes her to a de nition of culture that itself is an act of poesis A creation that works through an act of mediation What does this mean 14 Unforgetting In place of a transcendent system or code there is only the anecdote the fragment insufficient and unfinished 71 Events in the mode of unforgetting the past is never quite past but reverberates in the present 75 15 Re membering 16 Diacritics of Interruptions 7 Ellis Bailey and the Vista Worker 17 Confusions Con icts in which things reach an impasse and there is not only nothing left to say but the social order itself seems to fall apaIt 83 In some ways this confusion appears to be the very kind of category that Stewart seeks to avoid Refer to Page 77 where she discusses her near miss and writes of the moment when she realized that the stories she was collecting could be classi ed by genre tone of voice and mode of attention there was for instance the encounter with danger story the empathy story of shared identity the injustice story that ended in back talk and people standing up for themselves etc 77 Consider her attempt to avoid such external categorization Consider the relative success of Stewart in presenting a local and complicated world view through an collaborative anthropological lens 18 Consider Stewart s Near Miss How is this story positioned in terms of the development or growt of ethnographic knowledge In terms of ethnographic authority Initial encounters can stand as stages of mastering otherness or as embodiments of a desired otherness itself or they might be left to stand as graphic images from within a nervous and ruminative space 19 Chronotopes points in the geography of a community where time and space intersect and fuse Time takes on esh and becomes visible for human contemplation likewise space becomes charged and responsive to the movements of time and history and the enduring character of a people Chronotopes thus stand as monuments to the community itself as symbols of it as forces operating to shape its members39 images of themselves 198184 as cited by Basso 198444 45 20 Angel of History What is this about How does it relate to the lives of the people discussed To Stewart s theoretical approach Angel of History Painting done by Paul Klee artist and written about by Walter Benjamin His face is turned toward the past Where a chain of events appears to us he sees one single catastrophe which relentlessly piles wreckage upon wreckage and hurls them before his feet Turned with his back to the storm of progress the pile of debris before him grows toward the sky He is talking about our rethinking of our notion of progress In relation to the Apalachians they are not part of this story of progress they are experiencing the refuse of this progress The notion of progress is often built upon the ideas of technology We often will highlight a certain population 21 Master Narrative Master Narratives Of Progress 7 A story we tell ourselves about ourselves National Story of Identity A story of positive growthdevelopment that will usually highlight a certain ethnic identity In our nation it highlights the middle class European descended males The conquering of the west and the development of the United States Origin Stories National Identity as a Specific Form of Ethnicity Built on Distinctions of Self and Other Master Narrative is Built on notions of Place The Narrative of progress is often perpetuated and promoted as how people see it should have been instead of how it was Disney having the story of native American surrender told by Chief Joseph versus how it was actually quoted is a very good example of this When Disney was asked about the inaccuracies they responded that We are not telling history how it was but how it should have been Consider the Coal Camps of West Virginia within a master narrative of the nation In what ways does a master narrative of American History inform the identity and actions of the rural coal mining populations of West Virginia How do master narratives speak a war of positions How are the people and landscape of West Virginia portrayed in the master narrative How do they respond Do they reject accept adopt all or part of the master narrative How do Chronotopes and unforgetting complicate 0r expose cracks in the master narrative of the United States For the miners Their back is turned toward progress as they dwell in the ruins of history piled before them History stands before them as a pile of refuse that has become their identity This is an identity of loss and absence A few lessons The place matters You can t separate place from time Places are laden with meaning that hold and evoke history In this case often it evokes history and mourning There is a disjuncture between how history in this place is viewed by them and the rest of the United States They are fully aware of the story of progress and how we conceptualize modernity It is not a narrative that fits their lives It s not that the miners and their families completely ignore the master narrative of progress and development They like new houses roads electricity however they talk about how roads wash out and how the mechanical gas gauges break they speak to the aws in the master narratives They don t exist outside of the master narrative but they complicate it greatly They complicated the unilineal push towards modernity and capitalism They reveal the unsavory aspects of mining and the mining corporations Her book exists as a critique of the master narrative and as a counternarrative Being outside of the master narrative it frees them to ask questions we wouldn t normally ask How does Stewart s approach to the history of this part of the world differ from a more traditional historical approach in anthropology Is this strategic Explain 22 What is the bourgeois imaginary How does the body become a sign of consent and critique of the bourgeois imaginary Consider the experience of Forest Woods in forming your answer On the one hand he congealed his otherness into an object to be subjected to the examination of a normalizing gaze with the power to classify and judge On the other hand he wore his signs of disability as an empty mask that expressed not his identity but a political performance lodged in the space of the gap between signi er and meaning and lled with double entendre 129 How is the body an irreducible mediator of social forces a gap a space of friction intensi cation and proliferation 130 A complex Sign and site of encounter 135 What does Stewart mean by the statement people talk about themselves as bodies 130 How is the body like the hills It s a way of constructing experience so that it is separate from the ego and the self The body becomes a place where events are remembered scars They become signs almost like chronotopes themselves 23 What is meant by encystment Immanence How do these terms relate to the discursive strategies used by Hollie Smith in the of ce at the Occupational Rehabilitation Center Be able to discuss the different discursive strategies used during the encounter Consider the counselor s instrumental and problem solving strategies in contrast to Hollie s own logic of encounter entrenched in the localizing strategies of encystment immanence encounter and excess 137 Be able to discuss the landscape as a space of signs literal and gurative How are landscapes bodies events signs How are signs read Consider the following quotation Located always in the space of a gap signs can suggest association but they can also de ect the dream of certainty 146 How is this illustrated through a place names b family names c kin relations d No Trespassing signs e in sounds sights and splotches on the skin What is shamelessness What is the space of the gap What does Stewart mean when she writes that in the space of the gap the meaning of things can be evaluated only within a local knowledge 123 What does Stewart mean by space of performance What to make of The Accident Consider how the events of the accident evolve into a tragic and fateful tale How the storied retelling gets organized around victims and villains a binary that reveals certain ideal types in the order of things In what ways does the accident become a story about desire What are ideals What happens when people venture to talk of ideals Consider how talk of ideals perches precariously on the ephemeral shifting boundary between claim and truth How do claims work to knock ideals off their perch How do claims and counterclaims keep truths from becoming hegemonic What is the difference between claim and truth In her shift from ideals to orders Stewart is pointing to those sets of categories that take on if not in the real world at least in anthropological writing a naturalized existence She is referring to categories of identity that are shared to such a degree that they become taken for granted natural hegemonic conceptions of the world These are categories of identity in other words that are generally if controversially seen as institutionalized How does her analysis problematize such a reading of these categories Consider how through the proposal of ideals and their quot quot quot quot I quot through counter claims there is a continuous negotiation of the parameters of these categories that order the world Ordering categories include Stranger Neighbor Kin Christian Sinner Villain Victim Race Gender Consider the following quote that brings together conceptions of tracking or scanning signs performance shamelessness ideals and desire The vigilant scanning for signs then arises in the face of a claim that things have got down Local ways performances of seeing acting and speaking are reasserted as signs in themselves in dramatic encounters with shamelessness and injustice A claim to ideals emerges in a space of desire for missing standards and checks and embeds itself in the gaping sociality of the sign 157 What is the difference between the indicative mode and the subjunctive mode I dealsideas hold open an interpretive space in which everyday events are taken as a test of principles and yet their meanings are asserted not in the certainty of an indicative mode that claims to re present fully present objects but in the indeterminacy of the subjunctive mode the mode of as if 188 Pulling from Victor Turner subjunctive mode is centered in the indeterminacy of that which is not yet settled concluded and known 188 Consider the notion of agency Where is agency located in the hills people and events of West Virginia Do the people of West Virginia who populate Stewart s book have agency Why or why not Explain in connection to their understanding of lived experience and in the context of the ethnography as a text produced by an outsider about their lives


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

25 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Bentley McCaw University of Florida

"I was shooting for a perfect 4.0 GPA this semester. Having StudySoup as a study aid was critical to helping me achieve my goal...and I nailed it!"

Amaris Trozzo George Washington University

"I made $350 in just two days after posting my first study guide."

Steve Martinelli UC Los Angeles

"There's no way I would have passed my Organic Chemistry class this semester without the notes and study guides I got from StudySoup."

Parker Thompson 500 Startups

"It's a great way for students to improve their educational experience and it seemed like a product that everybody wants, so all the people participating are winning."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.