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Dance Appreciation

by: Darian Donnelly

Dance Appreciation DANC 1000

Darian Donnelly
GPA 3.88

Madia Cooper

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About this Document

Madia Cooper
Class Notes
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Darian Donnelly on Wednesday September 23, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to DANC 1000 at Middle Tennessee State University taught by Madia Cooper in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 45 views. For similar materials see /class/213166/danc-1000-middle-tennessee-state-university in Dance at Middle Tennessee State University.


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Date Created: 09/23/15
The Early Development of Ballet Ballettheatrical dance from that emerged from the Renaissance court dances European nobility instituted that court dances were important 0 Dance masters travelled along with nobility 0 Dance masters refined styles that was suitable for nobles o Nobles participated in daily dance classes Dance manuals were of high importance next to the Bible French Ballet Catherine de Medici Queen of France in the mid 16 h century 0 O Entrusted dance master Balthasar de Beaujoyeux to create elaborate court entertainments o In 1581 Ballet Comique de la Reine was created and established as the first true ballet I Had elaborate props and costumes Performed by court nobles Included song poetry prose and a storyline based on GrecoRoman mythology Sets were created on wheeled carts OOOO Intermissions pauses were given to audience members to engage in light refreshments Baroque Era 15 h Century Ballet 1027 Ballet begant to spread to other countries Russia Italy Austria and Scandinavia Ballew was in conjunction with operatic performances Ballets did not contain a storyline Pantomimehand gestures were used rather than whole body movement Heavy costumes elaborate wigs constricting corsets limited whole body movement JeanGeorges Noverreoriginally dance master of the rfrench opera Designed a codified formula for ballet s expressivenessauthenticity o Wrote Letters on Dancing and Ballet in 1790 o Noverre s book didn t influence choreographers until the 20 h century Noverre s Balletic Ideas 1 2 3 4 Balletic movement should move the audience emotionally and technically Plots should be unified in design and logical to the central theme The scenery music and costumes should be unified and related to the theme Pantomime should be simpler and more understanding Romantic Period 0 French ballet s plots revolved around the ordinary people 0 Relationshipsromance o Innocence o Playfulness o Loyalty o Dramatic plots consisted of clashes between common people and royalty o Ballet dancers performed on the tips of the toes o Added the illusion of skimmingfloating o Heavenlike character 0 Led to the French terminology sur le pointes meaning en pointe o Pointe shoesspecialty shoes made with layers of canvas provided dancers to rise on point 0 Ballet skirts were lightweight and named llromantic ballet skirt 0 Female dancers were central figures of most plots Romantic Ballerinas 0 Marie Taglioni o Delicacy and lightness 0 Known for performing angellike characters 0 La Sylphide o Introduced ballet to countries such as Russia 0 Fanny Elssler 0 Elevation and passionate dancing 0 Known for performing folk ballets o Tarantella o Introduced ballet to the New World US 0 Carlotta Grisi 0 Royal Danish Ballerina o Performed Giselle in Giselle 0 Known for her acting and dancing skills 0 Lucile Grahn 0 Royal Danish Ballerina 0 Popular for dances such as flower Festival in Genzano and Napoli Royal Danish Ballet 0 RDBformed in Denmark by August Bournonville o Bournonville trained at the Paris Opera and adapted a new edition to ballet 0 Men played equal roles as women 0 Men were supporters and active contributors to the plot Major Choreographers and Ballets 0 Jules Perrot and Jean Coralli o Cochoreographed Giselle o Gisellefamous Romantic ballet o FilipioTaglioni 0 Father of Marie Taglioniwellknown choreographer o Choreographed La Sylphide for his daughter 113 Modern Dance 0 To reveal a dancer s personal vision through movement 0 Revolt against predominate theatrical dance 0 Focused on the natural and uninhibitedspontaneous movement Forerunners and Pioneers o Rudolf von Laban 0 German movement theorist Created a system ofanalyzing and notating dance and all movement Labanotation Effortshape theory He described that llmovement is defined by the effort used the time taken and the shapes made in spacequot 000 0 Early modern dance begin in America and Germany 0 Movement Theorists o Francois Delsarte and Emile JaquesDalcroze provided new methods of understanding human movement 0 Delsarte 0 Paris France 0 Music Teacher 0 Designed a system of categorizing movement and exercises to develop freedom and relaxation o Dalcroze 0 Sweden 0 Music professor o Developed eurhythmicsquot music visualization for improving expressiveness and musicality 0 Marie Rambert o Dancer for Diaghilevstudent of Dalcroze o Formed her own company and used eurhythmics to create her works 118 0 Forerunners and Pioneers o Rudolf Vonn Laban I German movement theorist I Created a system ofanalyzing and notating dance and all movement I Labonotation I Effortshape theory 0 Mary Wigman 18861973 I Student of Laban I Created works that dealt with struggles between conflicting powers I Created many dramatic solo and ensemble works I Usually added musicprops after choreographing a work The technique was innovative for this time 0 Women and modern dance 0 Believed that ballerina s personality were crafted not by themselves but by men 0 Women s talents were not prized by idolized awarded with money affection fame 0 Soon women began to selfproclaim themselves as artists choreographers and dancers o Asserted a right to personal and artistic freedom that ballet didn t allow 0 Romanticism o Emphasis on the individual not society on feelingsintuition as opposed to rationalitycalculation o The artist needed no official sanction for hisher genius o Expect 39 Luisa from 39 39 39 that society had set up to monitor llgood taste in the arts 0 Pioneers o Isadora Duncan I California I Toured with a Shakespearean group and took part in ballet lessons I Inspired by nature I Dancing should be linked to pretheatrical dancing and art I llExpression of spiritual feelings and deeply felt emotional states I Rebelled against balletfalse art I Used Greek tunics and bare feet I American audiences did not receive Duncan s choreography and dancing I She moved to Europe and toured as a soloist I Made a pilgrimage to Athens and danced throughout the ruins of the city I Isadora Duncan School and her company quotIsadorablesquot 0 Ruth St Denis Selftaught dance and acrobatics Professionally took balletballroom lessons for a short period of time Experienced the studies of Delsarte and Dalcroze through her mother Worked as a showgirl in Vaudeville performing clogging pieces Toured Europe in a musicalcomedy tour where she was introduced to other cultural dances In inspired by the story and pictures of Egyptian goddess Isis Created works based sis s stories combined with Indian Hindu religious stories of Radha and Krishna Introduced exotic dance forms form India Japan Egypt and Spain to American audiences Liturgical dance and an instructor for sacred dancing To expand her success she partneredmarried male dancer Ted Shawn St DenisShawn created the dance company quotDenishawnquot Denishawn grew from a company to a school originally based in Los Angeles The school became the center for training in modern dance Schhool offered a variety of classes 0 Ted Shawn 1110 In ballet Spanish Greek Asian Egyptian Indian creative Japanese Delsarte folk Formed Jacob s Pillow a training facility for his company and prospective male dancers Jacob s Pillowis one of the longest running dance festivals in America Offers a variety of classes and breeding ground for major company s debuts and performances o 2quotd generation of Modern Dancers 0 Many of the 2nd generation dancers were students of the pioneers Pearl Primus Born in Trinidad and raised in NYC after graduating in 1939 Degree in biology Professional debut in 1943 performing her own llAfrican Ceremonial Performing as a soloist at the Caf Society Downtown an integrated nightclub that show moved to Broadway Harlem Renaissance Era Founded her own dance company in 1946 was best known for her quotprimitivequot dances Framed for her energyphysical daring which were characterized by leaps up to five feet in the air


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