Introduction to Audiology
Introduction to Audiology CDIS 3350
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This 21 page Class Notes was uploaded by Tate McGlynn DVM on Wednesday September 23, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to CDIS 3350 at Middle Tennessee State University taught by Rebecca Fischer in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 38 views. For similar materials see /class/213167/cdis-3350-middle-tennessee-state-university in Communication Disorders & Sciences at Middle Tennessee State University.
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Date Created: 09/23/15
CDIS 3350001 Introduction to Audiology Spring 2015 WeekDate Preparation Topics Due Dates January 19 Class Read Chapter 1 Audiology as a Course Expectations amp Requirements January 21 Profession Overview of Semester Project Read Audiology Past amp Presentf Audiology Past amp PresentWho s January 23 Who Semester Project Topic Selection Due Read Overview of Semester Project Friday January 30 January 26 Class Read Chapter 2 The Nature of Learning Activity Exploring the January 2628 Sound pages 2329 33 35 paragraph 3 Characteristics of Sound 39 51 Learning Activity Orientation to January 30 Read The Physics of Sound Audiometers January 30 Semester Project January 30 Select Topic for Semester Project and Submit to the Dropbox February 2 Class Read Hearing Screening Learning Activity Hearing Screening February 24 Implementation in the Public School amp Biological Checks 1 7 February 6 Exam Chapters 1 2 and Hearing Exam February 6 February 913 Screenin Class Read Chapter 3 Structure and Function of the Auditory System Pages 5357 5762 Orientation to Auditory Anatomy The Outer Ear Anatomy amp Function The Middle Ear Anatom amp Function Learning Activity Anatomical Diagrams Learning Activity Outer Ear Lab Learning Activity Middle Ear Lab Chart Functions of the Middle Ear Feb ru ary 16 2 3 Class Read Chapter 3 Structure and Function of the Auditory System pages 62 74 8083 The Inner Ear Anatomy The Inner Ear Function InClass Activity Model of the Cochlea Semester Project February 16 Submit Table of Studies to the Dropbox February 23 InClass Activity The Human Cochlea Review for Exam Februar 25 Exam Chapter 3 Exam February 25 February 27 Class Read Chapter 4 Audiologic Classification of Hearing Loss March 2 Measurement pages 101111 Learning Activity Hearing Loss Site of Lesion amp the Speech Banana March 46 Class Read Chapter 4 Audiologic Pure Tone Testing Measurement pages 111122 123131 Speech Testing Modifications for Infants amp Children March 6 Semester Project March 6 Submit Notecards to the Instructor March 9 Relax Spring Break March 1620 Class Read Chapter 4 Audiologic Acoustic Immittance Testing Measurement pages 131140 141154 Electrophysiologic Measures Learning Activity Hearing Thresholds amp T i 7 March 23 Exam Chapter 4 Exam March 23 March 23 Semester Project March 23 Submit Outline amp Bibliogranh to Dropbox March 252 7 Class Read Chapter 5 Pathologies of the Genetic Causes of Hearing Loss Auditory System pages 159166 166169 Common Syndromes Pathologies of the Outer Ear Learning Activity Name the Pathology Outer E ar Disorders Table of Studies Study 1 Purpose Participants Procedure Results Study 1 APA Reference InTeXt Citations Be sure to include both rst and second and subsequent citations for all references First inteXt citation Second and subsequent citations Important points from introductionliterature review Important points from discussion Important terminology de ned Table of Studies Study 2 Purpose Participants Procedure Results Study 2 APA Reference InTeXt Citations Be sure to include both rst and second and subsequent citations for all references First inteXt citation Second and subsequent citations Important points from introductionliterature review Important points from discussion Important terminology de ned Table of Studies Study 3 Purpose Participants Procedure Results Study 3 APA Reference InTeXt Citations Be sure to include both rst and second and subsequent citations for all references First inteXt citation Second and subsequent citations Important points from introductionliterature review Important points from discussion Important terminology de ned Table of Studies Study 4 Purpose Participants Procedure Results Study 4 APA Reference InTeXt Citations Be sure to include both rst and second and subsequent citations for all references First inteXt citation Second and subsequent citations Important points from introductionliterature review Important points from discussion Important terminology de ned Notecards Students will turn in a series of notecards Either 4 X 6 or 5 X8 cards may be used NO 3 X 5 cards will be accepted The notecards will be used to help students integrate their sources as you are writing your outline Your notecards will include 4 types of cards Topic Cards Study Summary Cards Reference Cards Thesis Card Notecards will be worth 20 points N otecards will include information for a minimum of 6 articles Notecards are due Friday March 6 The following will be turned in 1 A Thesis Card Continue to refine your thesis as your think about your topic and the areas you will cover 2 Topic cards will be organized by the paper s subtopics not the articlesllll On the right corner of the notecard will be an abbreviated reference on the left will be a sub topic Notes will be referenced to the page of the article USE NOTESHH Only one subtopic to a card Only one source article to a card Where does this information come from You will use the information from the notes you took A minimum of 1 topic cardarticle is required You should work toward 510 cardsarticle Proble mcompetition Ben amp Jerry 2008 151 Ice cream business becoming more competitive Baskin and Robbins are unfair competition Possible solutions Brennan 2007 245 Blue Bell very successful in grocery stores Has moved east of Mississippi Grocery stores show 25 increase in ice cream volume NOTE use notes unless you plan to quote directly from the affinlp i i i i i i i i i i i i i i i i i i i i i i i i i i i i i i i i i i i i i i i i i i i i i i i i i i i i i i i i i i i i i i i i i i i i i i i i i i i i i i i i i i i i i i i i i i H 3 A Study Summary Card will be written for each article These will be used to summarize a study if you choose for your paper Study Summary Cards will be placed after the Topic Cards They will be organized by article The summary cards will include Purpose Participants or Subjects Method 0 Results 4 A Reference Card will be written for each article On the card will be the information needed for your reference list in APA style Cards will be alphabetized by author just as the references will be listed in your paper Therefore you should be able to simply take the reference cards alphabetize them and write your reference list The reference cards will be placed at the back of the student s cards OOO CDIS 3350 Hearing Problems amp Testing Review for Final Examination Chapter 1 General Information 1 Know prevalence of hearing loss 2 Important men and their contributionsgCarhart etc Chapter 2 Physics of Sound Frequency intensity speed of sound periodiknow equations and how these entities are related to each other Adding and canceling waves Noisetypes of noises White speech narrowband Chapter 3 Anatomy 1 Be familiar with diagrams of the ear and be able to label middle ear and organ of Corti 2 Outer ear termspars tensa pars flaccida Shrapnell s membrane tympanic membrane Middle ear termsaxial ligaments tensor tympani stapedius ossicles Eustachian tube promontory mastoid portion of temporal bone Inner ear termsbasal apical scala tympani scala vestibuli scala media perilymph and endolymph habenula perforata oval and round Windows Reissner s membrane Organ of Corti modiolus traveling wave cochlear amplifier inner and outer hair cells osseous labyrinth helicotrema petrous portion of temporal bone traveling wave VIII nerve Know functions of hearing mechanism transduction of energy and each site function of Eustachian tube impedancematching device function of ossicles in directing sound to oval Window function of outer hair cells and inner hair cells Chapter 4 Measurement 1 Pure tone testinginteraural attenuation for air and bone conduction decibels and hertz know units and that they are NOT LINEAR l masking concept symbols 9 P gt U 2 Tympanometrytypes of tympanograms and the type of middle ear function they indicate 3 types of losses conductive sensorineural mixed airbone gap retrocochlear 4 Other terms PTA SRT PB Word Lists suprathreshold SL rollover 5 Tests for children VRA TROCHA Play Audiometry 6 Understand steps re biological calibration of audiometer and audiometer partsiHL dialattenuatordB dial frequency dial bone vibrator interrupter switch 7 Otoacoustic emissions acoustic re exes Chapter 5 Pathologies 1 Outer ear pathologiesmicrotia atresia stenosis external otitis otitis media cerumen 2 Mddle Ear pathologiesotosclerosis and Carhart s notch otitis media uid types 3 Inner Ear r 39 t t i i r quot quot such as etc Meniere Disease noiseinduced hearing loss 4 KHZ notch concept of retrograde degeneration vertigo acoustic trauma presbycusis common syndromes and type of inheritance know type of loss associated with pathologies 1 1 4 Retrocochlear pathologyneuromas 5 pseudohypacusisnon organic hearing loss 6 Prenatal disease and risks for hearing loss bacterial meningitis toxoplasm osis cytomegalovirus syphilis hepatitis rubella mumps Chapter 6 Hearing Screenings 1 Criteria for referral 2 Components of a screening program 3 Know basics for hearing screeningsquotrules regarding passes types of children and how to manage instructions and What NOT TO SAY Calibration of audiometersiyearly r e Anticipate a diagram of the middle ear the cochlea scala media and some audiograms Tableof 439 Inn A r to A 439 I a Spring 2015 The Table of Studies is worth 5 10 points of the semester project grade and is due by midnight February 16 The table will be typed and submitted to the Dropbox The purpose of the table is to help students compare and contrast the studies selected for the topic and to develop a thesis theme or focus for the paper It will also assist students in summarizing research for their papers The table will summarize four research studies Each article selected must include a literature review purpose participants method and results If an article lacks these features it cannot be used for this part of the assignment It may however be used as a reference for your outline and paper if it is from a refereed journal There are other kinds of professional articles such as a review or summary of research position paper descriptive paper These may be used for the paper but are not appropriate for this part of the project To determine whether an article is appropriate glance through it to be sure that it includes the following an abstract literature reviewintroduction method participantssubjects procedure results discussion amp conclusion If it does not have these components it is most likely not a research article For the table of studies information on the study purpose participantssubjects method and results will be listed In addition the following will be included a bibliographic entry written in APA intext citations for first and subsequent citations a minimum of five important points from the introductionliterature review a minimum of five important points from the discussionconclusion A table ofpertinent studies is an ef cient way to begin a research project It enables the researcher in this case the student to begin viewing experimental studies side by side to see commonalities and differences This should help the researcher take notes for a review of important literature in the field the next part of this project Organization of Research Papers All research studies are organized in the same manner For this study as with most others there is an abstract which summarizes the study and appears prior to the first part of the study Oftentimes students find that the abstract is easier to understand and gives them an idea of what the study involves Read the abstract before beginning the article But recognize that the abstract is not what will appear in the table The rst section of a paper is called the literature review or introduction and examines previous research and work in the field It is generally not labeled but ends before the MethodsProceduresSubjectParticipants section In the literature review students may identify other studies they may wish to pursue reading in preparation for their paper They will also read about what has already been found out in this area of research and possibly some of the controversies Usually the purpose or reason for the current study is found close to the end of the literature review but not always The next section method may be referred to by several names method methods or procedure is most common In this section the authors of the study explain the steps they took in designing and conducting their study that is this article Usually this section consists of information on subjects or participants which describes the people taking part in the study Information about the subjects is important because sometimes results between studies may differ because subjects with different qualities were used Other information may be given as well This information is important for this study because it might or might not account for a difference between the results of this study and others research The next section analysis explains how the data was mathematically analyzed what kind of statistics were employed by the authors etc Results may or may not be discussed separately The results section summarizes the findings of the authors and can usually be summarized in a few sentences The discussion and conclusions section is last It relates the findings of the current study to previous research and usually suggests ideas for further research This is another section that is important to read in order to get an idea of commonalities and controversies in the field Table entries All entries will be in landscape form Please use the table of studies template as a guide Acceptable fonts include Times New Roman Century Schoolbook Courier Century Gothic Courier Size may be 1012 Study In general tables use authors and a date rather than the title of the study for example StaIey Sims Grant amp HedleyWhyte 2008 NOTE No first names or initials here No title of the article Use ampersand amp instead of and Purpose Every study has a reason for the research Summarize this reason in your own words here Participants This section includes a brief description of the subjects who participated in the study Information to include is the number of subjects and any important identification characteristics gender impairment age race etc that might in uence results That does not mean everything in the participants sectionjust the basics Procedure How was the study conducted If participants were tested what kinds of tests or stimuli were used Sometimes this can get a bit wordy especially if a number of tests or conditions were used and the student needs to summarize without losing important information Results Summarize the findings of the authors again very succinctly NOTE Statistics are generally not included in tables In addition to the Table of Studies students will also summarize the following information for each study and present in a series of paragraphs below the table For each study The reference of the study you are summarizing as it will appear in the bibliography at the end of the research paper This should be in APA format using the APA guide If not correct your paper will be returned to you and your grade will be reduced by 10 each time your paper is returned How the reference of the study you are summarizing Will be cited in the paper the first time it appears and second and subsequent citations Both must be included for all references Use APA 5 important points from the literature reVieW or introduction Please paraphrase in your own words 5 important points from the discussion Paraphrase in your own words Look up any terms acronyms etc that seem to be important Define these here For your table important points definitions etc please use notes rather than full sentences 0 Finally based on your reVieW of four studies write a proposed thesis or focus for your paper CDIS 3350 Introduction to Audiology Semester Project Spring 2015 Rationale The ability to communicate effectively is essential in many elds including speechlanguage pathology and audiology Communication may be as simple as a note to a colleague or client or as complex as a research report or book Each deserves one s best effort Confused writing grammatical errors and misspellings do not re ect positively on the professionals ability to serve others with communication disorders Some college students have had a number of previous opportunities to develop writing skills and may find this activity relatively easy Others may have had only limited experience writing or find writing to be extremely difficult Regardless this exercise is designed to help each student improve writing skills It is my expectation that this exercise will result in o Refinement of writing skills 0 Development of a clear writing style 0 Improvement of the student s ability to use tools which assist writing In addition this exercise offers the opportunity to 0 Discuss a topic related to audiology o Read about the field of audiology in professional journals Overview of Semester Project Throughout the semester students will research a topic of their choice related to audiology The project will compose 20 of the student s evaluation for the semester The project will comprise five parts a table ofpertinent studies5 of the project grade10 points a set of notecards re ecting research10 or 20 points an outline of the proposed term paper with intext citations amp bibliography 15 of the project grade30 points a sixtoeight page paper excluding title page bibliography graphs 50 of the project grade100 points a poster session20 of the project grade40 points Selection of a Topic Due January 30 A list of subjects will be available from which students may choose a topic Students may select topics that are not on the list however the instructor must approve all topics Topics must be related to audiology rather than aural habilitationrehabilitation Thus topics on communication methodology teaching strategies and rehabilitation methods while worthy of study are not appropriate for this course Students will submit two topics each with a bibliography of 5 available refereed sources NOTE The ASHA Leader is not a refereed sourcelllll to the instructor who will make the final decision With each set of topics the student will brie y summarize the field of study in a 12 page narrative The selection of the topic by the instructor will rest in part on the student s understanding of the topic as demonstrated in the narrative Spend time working on this Students will summarize two topics Topics will be approved on a firstcome firstserved basis No more than two students preferably one will be permitted to research the same topic Students will also turn in a brief statement about how they would like to improve their writing this semester It may be based on a personal goal or derived from feedback from previous writing like a phonetics paper Topics will be submitted to the Dropbox Table of Studies Due February 16 A table will be submitted to the Dropbox prior to submitting notecards The purpose of the table is to help students compare and contrast important research relevant to the topic and to understand the important issues facing the field It will also assist students in summarizing research for their papers The table will summarize four research studies Information on the study purpose participants method and results will be listed In addition the following will be included a bibliographic entryhow you plan to list the reference in the bibliography at the end of the paper intext examples for first and subsequent citations that is how the sources will be credited in the paper See pages 183184 in APA manual a minimum of five important points from the introductionliterature rev1eW o a minimum of five important points from the discussionconclusion The table of studies will be submitted to the Dropbox and is due February 16 Notecards Due March 6 Students will submit notecards following a format that will be demonstrated in class The notecards will provide a foundation for creating an outline and will summarize information for six research studies Notecards will include summaries of the siX studies as well as information from the introduction and discussion that is pertinent to the topic Notecards will be submitted in classllll The Outline amp Bibliography Due March 23 The purpose of the outline is to allow the student and instructor an opportunity to share ideas and suggestions prior to beginning the paper The outline should clearly reflect the student s thesisopening paragraph which will be written out in full and will accompany the outline major supporting points with documentation intext citations see crediting sources above conclusions a bibliography of eight sources minimum All eight sources should be citedcredited in the outline as they provide the documentation for the supporting points Six must be research studies All must be from refereed sourceswebsites ASHA or AAA The outline should reflect the student s ability to synthesize information from a variety of sources to support the student s primary premises Students who feel comfortable writing outlines may submit one of their own or may use the suggested outline The instructor may make suggestions regarding organization thoughts references etc The outline will be evaluated based on the content not necessarily whether the outline is technically perfect Copies of all sources obtained should be available to be submitted to the instructor upon request Each reference in the bibliography should be written using APA style The outline will be submitted to the Dropbox The Final Paper Due April 27 The final paper will be siX to eight pages not including the title page references audiograms or graphs The paper Outline 1 Title of Paper 11 Introduction Paragraph A This section will be written out in complete sentences It is the only part of the outline that will be written in complete sentences B Opening remarks 1 Relevant background and general statement of the project 2 Limits placed on the subject 3 Important de nitions if appropriate C Thesis D Major points to be covered 1 What the reader can eXpecta map through the topic III Discussionthis part will be submitted in outline form in other words phrases rather than complete sentences A Presentation of major facts with support from references 1 Fact one and supportdocumentation a other ideas on this topic documentation if necessary b other ideas on this topic documentation if necessary 0 research if appropriate from one or more studies to support this fact or statement 2 Fact two and supportdocumentation a other ideas on this topic documentation if necessary b other ideas on this topic documentation if necessary 0 research if appropriate from one or more studies to support this fact or statement 3 Fact three and supportdocumentation a other ideas on this topic documentation if necessary b other ideas on this topic documentation if necessary 0 research if appropriate from one or more studies to support this fact or statement