First Aid and Safety Education
First Aid and Safety Education PHED 3300
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This 8 page Class Notes was uploaded by Troy Leuschke on Wednesday September 23, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to PHED 3300 at Middle Tennessee State University taught by Beverly Corlew in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 16 views. For similar materials see /class/213174/phed-3300-middle-tennessee-state-university in Physical Education at Middle Tennessee State University.
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Date Created: 09/23/15
Chapter 20 Cold Related Emergencies 1 Frostbite the damage to tissues as a result of prolonged exposure to extreme cold 2 Frostnip the superficial local tissue destruction caused by freezing it is limited in scope and does not destroy the full thickness of the skin 3 Hypothermia decrease body temperature 4 Vasoconstriction the narrowing of the diameter of a blood vessel 5 Windchill the relationship of wind velocity and temperature in determining the effect of cold on living organisms Chapter 21 Heat Related Emergencies 1 Heat Cramp a painful muscle cramp resulting from excessive loss of salt and water through sweating 2 Heat Exhaustion a prostration caused by excessive loss of water and salt through sweating characterized by clammy skin and a weak rapid pulse 3 Heatstroke a life threatening condition of sever hyperthermia caused by exposure to excessive natural or artificial heat 4 Thermoregulation the body39s ability to maintain a normal body temperature despite the weather Chapter 7 Shock 1 Anaphylaxis a life threatening allergic reaction 2 Epinephrine autoinjector prescribed device used to administer an emergency dose of epinephrine to a victim experiencing anaphylaxis 3 Shock inadequate tissue oxygenation resulting from serious injury or illness Chapter 8 Bleeding 1 Arterial bleeding bleeding from an artery this type of bleeding tends to spurt with each heartbeat 2 Capillary bleeding bleeding that oozes from a wound steadily but slowly 3 Hemorrhage a large amount of bleeding in a short time 4 Venous bleeding bleeding from a vein this type of bleeding tends to flow steadily Chapter 9 Wounds 1 Abrasion an injury consisting of the loss of the partial thickness of skin from rubbing or scraping on a hard rough surface also called brush burn friction burn or rug burn Amputation complete removal of an appendage Avulsion an injury that leaves a piece or skin or other tissue either partially or completely torn away from the body 4 Bandage used to cover a dressing to keep it in place on the wound and to apply pressure to help control bleeding 5 Crushing amputation an extremity separates by being crushed or mashed off 6 Degloving the skin is peeled off at the extremity 7 Dressing a sterile gauze pad or clean cloth covering that is placed over an open wound 8 9 wrv Guillotine amputation a clean cut complete detachment of an extremity Incisions a would usually made deliberately in connection with surgery clean cut as opposed to a laceration 10 Laceration a wound made by the tearing or cutting of body tissues 11 Punctures deep narrow wounds in the skin and underlying organs Chapter 10 Bandaging Wounds 1 Adhesive strips a combination of both a sterile dressing and a bandage 2 Adhesive tape come in rolls and in a variety of widths 3 Elastic roller bandages used for compression on sprains strains and contusions and come in carious widths 4 Gauze pads used for small wounds sterile and available in separately wrapped packages of various sizes Some have a special coating to keep them from sticking to the wound 5 Gauze rollers cotton rigid and nonelastic that come in various widths 6 Roller bandages come in various widths lengths and types of material 7 Selfadhering conforming bandages come as rolls of slightly elastic gauze like material in various widths Trauma dressings made of large thick absorbent sterile materials Triangular bandages available commercially or can be made from a 36 40 square of preshrunk cotton muslin material 99 Chapter 11 Burns 1 Burns injuries in which soft tissue receives more energy than it can absorb from thermal heat chemicals or electricity Middle Tennessee State University Course Syllabus Spring 2010 Course First Aid amp Safety HLTH PHED 3300 Instructor Bev Corlew O ice Phone 9048338 O ice MC 129 O ice Hours MWF780071100 am Email bcorlew ntsuedu TR 7100 7 300 pm All other by Appointrnent Brief Smopsis and Course Overview L The purpose of 39 wiih skills necessary to help sustain life and minimize the consequences of injury or sudden 39 quot 39 quotquot p 39 prevention of illness until care arrives injuries and illness with afocus on personal safety and health Goalsobjectives To make the student more safety conscious with the idea of preventing accidents To foster a desire to serve others To enable the student to be of help in an emergency situation To learn what NOT to do in an emergency situa ion Class Reguirements 4 39 aiticipatiuiiiii uaii p class activities The student is expected to take part in all First Aid Skill Sessions and r and usage of the Automated External Defibrillator AED quot 4 L L 39 tuclass Anendance Polig 4 4 for University 39 39 All quot 39L fui 39 39 39339 b will not be counted against you but every subsequent absence will drop you 50 points After the fifth unexcused absence a letter grade of F will be given Evaluation Your grade will be based on points earned from eight quizzes and vocabulary notebook for atotal of 1000 points 7 quizzes plus Final Exam 7 Each is worth 100 points 800 points Vocabulary Notebook 7 200 points Grading Scale 7 A 900 7 1000 B 800 7 899 C 700 7 799 D 600 699 F Below 600 Reguired Text First Aid CPR and AED 5Lh Edition 7 AAOS Available through Phillip s Bookstore First Aid and Safety Education Tentative Outline Jan 14 7 Class Overview Review of Syllabus Jan 19 Chapter 1 amp 2 7 Background Information Action at an Emergency Jan 21 7 Chapter 3 7 The Human Body Jan 26 Quiz 1 Chapterl2 amp 3 Vocabulary Notebook Check 7 Chapter 1 2 amp 3 complete Jan 28 Chapter 4 amp 5 7 Finding Out What s Wrong CPR Feb 2 7 Chapter 5 amp 6 7 CPR Airway Obstruction AED Feb 4 7 CPR AED Skills Practice Feb 9 7 CPR AED Skills Practice Feb 11 7 Quiz 2 Chapters 4 5 amp 6 Vocabulary Notebook Check 7Chapters 4 5 amp 6 complete Feb 16 7 Chapter 7 amp 8 7 Shocld Bleeding Feb 18 7 Chapter 9 amp 10 7 Wounds Bandaging Wounds 7 Skill Practice Feb 23 7 Chapter 11 Burns Feb 25 7 Quiz 3 7 Chapters 7 8 9 10 ampl l Vocabulary Notebook Check 7 Chapters 7 8910 amp 11 complete Mar 2 7 Chapter 12 7 Head and Spinal Injuries Mar 4 7 Chapter 13 7 Chest Abdominal and Pelvic Injuries Mar 9 7 Spring Break Mar 11 7 Spring Break Mar 16 7 Quiz 4 7 Chapters 12 amp 13 Vocabulary Notebook Check 7 Chapters 12 amp 13 Complete Mar 18 7 Chapter 14 amp 15 7 Bone Joint and Muscle Injuries Extremity Injuries Mar 23 7 Chapter 16 7 Splinting EXtremities Splinting Skills Mar 25 7 Quiz 5 7 Chapters 14 15 amp 16 Vocabulary Notebook Check 7 Chapters 14 15 amp 16 complete Mar 30 Chapter 17 amp 187 Sudden Illnesses Poisoning Apr 1 7 Chapter 19 7 Bites and Stings Apr 6 Quiz 6 7 Chapters 17 18 amp 19 Vocabulary Notebook Check 7 17 18 amp 19 Complete Apr 8 7 Chapter 20 amp 21 7 Cold Related Emergencies Heat Related Emergencies Apr 13 7 Quiz 7 7 Chapters 20 and 21 Apr 15 7 Skills Makeup Apr 20 Skills Makeup Apr 22 7 Study Day Final Exam 800 925 am Thursday May 6 800 1000 am 940 1 1 05 am Tuesday May 4 1000 am 1200 pm Comprehensive Final Vocabulary Notebook Check 7 Chapters 25 and 26 Complete Do you have a lottery scholarship To retain Tennessee Education Lottery Scholarship eligibility you must earn a cumulative TELS GPA of 275 after 24 and 48 attempted hours and a cumulative TELS GPA of 30 thereafter You may qualify with a 275 cumulative GPA after 72 attempted hours and subsequent semesters if you are enrolled full time and maintain a semester GPA of at least 30 A grade of C D F or I in this class may negatively impact TELS eligibility Dropping a class after 14 days may also impact eligibility if you withdraw from this class and it results in an enrollment status of less than full time you may lose eligibility for your lottery scholarship Lottery recipients are eligible to receive the scholarship for a maximum of five years from the date of initial enrollment or until a badmkudegee is earned For additional Lottery rules please refer to your Lottery Statement of Understanding form review lottery requirements on the web at 39nttn 39 39 quot wehmtsn quotilityhtm or contact the FinancialAidOffice at 898 2830 Reasonable Accommodations for Students With Disabilities If you have a disability that may require assistance or accommodations or ifyou have any questions related to any accommodation for testing note taking reading etc please speak with me as soon as possible You may also contact the Of ce of Disabled Student Services 8982783 with any ques onsaboutsuchservkms Chapter 4 Finding out What39s Wrong 1 AVPU scale a method of assessing a victim39s level of responsiveness used mainly during the initial check 2 Cause of injury the force that causes an injury 3 DOTS a mnemonic for assessment in which each area of the body is evaluated for deformities open wounds tenderness and swelling 4 General impression the part of the victim assessment that helps identify any immediately or potentially life threatening conditions 5 Initial check a step of the victim assessment in which a first aider check for life threatening injuries and gives care for any that are found 6 Nature of illness the general type of illness a victim is experiencing 7 Physical exam part of the victim assessment process in which a detailed area by area exam is performed on victims whose problems cannot be readily identified or when more specific information is needed about a problem 8 SAMPLE history brief history of a victim39s conditions to determine symptoms allergies medications pertinent past history last oral intake and event leading to the illnessinjury 9 Scene sizeup quick assessment of the scene and the surroundings for its safety the cause of injury or nature of illness and number of victims before starting first aid 10 Sign evidence of an injury or disease which can be seen heard or felt 11 Symptom what a victims tells a first aider about what he feels 12 Triage a system of placing priorities for first aid andor transportation in cases when two or more people are injured or suddenly I Chapter 5 CPR 1 Airway obstruction a blockage often the result of a foreign body in which air flow to the lungs is reduced or completely blocked 2 Cardiac arrest stoppage of the heartbeat 3 Chain of survival a four step concept to help improve survival from cardiac arrest early access early CPR early defibrillation and early advanced care 4 Chest compressions depressing the chest and allowing it to return to its normal position as part of CPR 5 CPR cardiopulmonary resuscitation the act of providing rescue breaths and chest compressions for a victim in cardiac arrest 6 Heart attack death of a part of the heart muscle 7 Rescue breaths breathing for a person who is not breathing Chapter 6 AED H Automated External Defibrillator AED device capable of analyzing the heart rhythm and providing a shock N Defibrillation the electrical shock administered by an AED to reestablish a normal heart rhythm
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