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Backpacking and Hiking

by: Troy Leuschke

Backpacking and Hiking PHED 1120

Troy Leuschke
GPA 3.72

Maryedith McFarlin

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Maryedith McFarlin
Class Notes
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This 30 page Class Notes was uploaded by Troy Leuschke on Wednesday September 23, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to PHED 1120 at Middle Tennessee State University taught by Maryedith McFarlin in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 89 views. For similar materials see /class/213178/phed-1120-middle-tennessee-state-university in Physical Education at Middle Tennessee State University.


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Date Created: 09/23/15
Backpacking Book Review Backpacking Book Review Taylor Cheney Middle Tennessee State University Backpacking Book Review 2 Backpacking Book Review 101 Essential Tips for Hiking is a guidebook for anyone considering embarking on a hiking or backpacking trip and provides tips for even the experienced outdoorsman In the book Hugh McFadden covers a wide range of topics to be mindful of before leaving for a trip as well as very useful information that can be referenced while on the trail It is obvious from the quality and conciseness of the information provided throughout the book that the author is atrue lifelong trail enthusiast He appears to have accrued a wealth of knowledge about the growing sport dubbed backpacking and luckily for the reader Mr McFadden was willing to share his knowledge in a simple and entertaining format The book is composed of 101 miniarticles that each highlight a specific tip relating to hiking The miniarticles cover nearly the entire spectrum of skills that one may want or need to know when preparing for either a hike or overnight stay in the the backcountry With so many articles to cover it is easy to assume that it would be hard to distinguish one tip from another or that reading the book would get boring As with any good backpacker the content itself probably would have been enough to hold my attention but there were plenty of pictures to help reinforce the text and keep each page interesting because each page looks different There are two methods that the author employs to organize the information contained within the book First as the title suggests each individual or series of tip is indexed by incrementing numbers the rst tip of the book is l and the last tip is 101 The second method is the universal page number located at the outside bottom comers of each page The dual system of labeling tips has made locating information quickly a simple task and the book itself is quite small which makes it ideal for ca1rying Backpacking Book Review 3 along on the trail The index or table of contents on page five of the book numerically lists each tip in ascending order from 1 to 101 and separates groups of tip numbers according to general topic The organization layout and presentation of the book is well thought out and convenient for quick reference There were several articles in the book that stood out for me because they either contained information I did not know or had not previously considered I copied some information into aWord le for future reference when planning for a trip or to reinforce required skills while on the trail As an increasingly tenacious backpacker with a special interest in ultralight packing I found one article particularly interesting The tip title was The DoubleP System and was an effective compact and lightweight alternative to layering clothing with multiple layers According to McFadden 1998 In the doubleP system there are just two layers a core layer that is f1ber pile and an outer PerteX layer Fiber pile keeps you warm even when wet and PerteX offers protection since it is both windproof and showerproof yet breathable p 12 I burn really easily when exposed to the sun for long periods of time and I am a pleasantly plump individual so I get pretty hot and sweat quite a bit One of the tips that McFadden suggests in his book is to wear a bandana on the back of your neck and tucked under a hat of some kind The bandana will prevent the sun s ultraviolet radiation from making direct contact with your skin which saves you the trouble of a sunburn on the head and neck 1998 p 13 On especially hot days you can also pour cold water on the bandana to keep your head and neck cool by the absorbed water in the bandana Backpacking Book Review 4 After my very rst backpacking trip I learned that safety pins were a necessity on the trail but you could never really plan for why you would need them in the rst place I broke in my hiking pants on a 5day hike in the Cohutta wilderness and my pantends were too long or I am too short The entire trip I wished I had brought some safety pins so I wouldn39t have to drag my pants through the mud puddles and rocks I39ve also needed safety pins for minor backpack and tent repairs picking up a hotdog various medical purposes and countless other unforeseen tasks Until reading 101 Essential Tips for Hiking I had never thought of a good way to ca1ry the safety pins without them being scattered everywhere McFadden 1998 provides a diagram showing about 5 pins of various lengths hanging vertically and clipped to a horizontal safety pin This prevents the pins from getting tangled pg 31 An incredibly useful skill that takes many people years to master is the task of estimating the time you will spend on a particular section or all of the trail McFadden 1998 describes his method of measuring trail time Naismith s Rule takes into account not only distance but also topography It suggests that you should allow 60 minutes for every 3 miles traveled adding 30 minutes to that total for every l000ft climbed For descent of moderate slopes subtract 10 minutes for every l000ft of height lost but for very steep slopes add 10 minutes for every 1000 ft ofheight lost pg 36 There are of course other factors that may in uence the speed at which you progress down the trail such as inclement weather medical concerns and the ability of others in your hiking group I did not receive my rst cell phone until I was a junior in high school which was about 6 years after everyone else at the time Until that fateful day I use a watch to keep track of the date and time but after getting a cell phone I began leaving the watch at home and using the phone to check on the time Out in the backcountry there is little use for a phone even if it is waterproof shockproof and Backpacking Book Review 5 rated up to military standards One simple reason turns even an indestructible phone into dead weight no service For this reason Itypically do not carry my phone with me into the wilderness so Inever know exactly what time it is IfI had a watch I wouldn39t have that problem and I would also gain another advantage McFadden 1998 reminds readers that you can use the sun in a pinch to determine east and west but he also mentions a tip that uses your watch to determine your heading more accurately by pointing you North To do this hold the watch level and point the hour hand directly at the sun Split the amount of space between the current position of the hour hand and 1200 down the middle to determine which way is south pg 40 Most outdoor enthusiasts enjoy watching and being in the presence of the local wildlife I am no di erent and will frequently pause on the trail to watch birds perform aerobatic feats in the air or squirrels playing amongst the trees with the agility of an experienced ninja Even though I love nature and I love those critters who reside in nature39s natural habitat I do not want them in my personal space I would consider my boots personal space and I ve always been slightly paranoid about drying out my boots or leaving them outside overnight McFadden 1998 lists a very simple yet effective tip that I had never considered for some strange reason I will leave them hanging upside down to prevent any debris or curious creature from making a shelter out of my most important protective layer of clothing pg 53 The author appears to have considered the many facets associated with the sport of backpacking and even goes so far as to mention the most effective ways of walking up or down difficult terrain while carrying a heavy load on your back Utilizing a walking stick while on the trail is ideal to take stress off of the knees and provide extra stability on rocky surfaces or water crossings When walking uphill lean forward and take short steps placing your feet at on the ground before Backpacking Book Review 6 pushing upward Try to avoid walking on your toes When walking downhill take short steps and move steadily leaning backward to take the strain off your knees Using your walking stick will also relieve some of the strain being placed on your knees When walking over steep slopes or soft surfaces climb it with your feet placed sideways using your walking stick downhill of your body as an extra support McFadden 1998 p 43 In conclusion 101 Essential Tips for Backpacking by Hugh McFadden is de nitely worth the read and may even make a good trail companion due to its small size and light weight The author is familiar and comfortable on the trails and is able to provide a wealth of helpful information for those new to the sport as well as those with years of experience behind them already It is laid out in a simple and convenient manner with colorful images throughout the entire text which holds the reader39s attention and adds some liveliness to a book that covers topics about one of the most exhilarating experiences one can partake in backpacking See you on the trails Backpacking Book Review References McManners H 1998 101 essential tips of hiking New York NY DK Publishing Inc What type of fixed blade knife should I get Choosing the Size of Your Knife Rambo size knives are not necessary for backpacking or hiking It weighs too much and is too bulky for longer trips There is a greater chance of accidental injury Blades should generally have a length of 4 6 Blades should generally have a width of 532 832 It is important that the tip of the blade is large enough to maintain its strength Choosing the Blade Material Carbon Steel The more carbon in the blade the harder the blade will be vs stainless steel The harder the blade the longer the carbon steel blade holds its edge Is more brittle and harder to sharpen than stainless steel 0 Is more susceptible to rusting Stainless Steel 0 Is typically softer than carbon steel blades Will not hold an edge as well or as long as carbon steel blades Is easier to sharpen especially in the field than carbon steel blades Holds up in well in extremely wet or corrosive environments Choosing the Blade Design 0 Smooth generally accepted to be the best choice for a wilderness knife Offers more overall cutting surface Easier to sharpen in the field Best for carving chopping and cutting The added advantage of the straight blade is that it can be sharpened on a rock or piece of concrete should you not have a regular sharpening stone handy whereas the serrated blade generally needs a special sharpening device and technique Serrated Has more cutting power than a smooth design Does well at cutting synthetic materials clothing and flesh Harder to sharpen than smooth blades especially in the field Inefficient for carving or chopping Choosing the Handle Never get a knife with a hollow handle If the handle is hollow it will break eventually MIDDLE TENNESSEE STATE UNIVERSITY STUDENT COURSE SYLLABUS BACKPACKING amp HIKING PHED 1120 INSTRUCTOR Maryedith McFarlin SEMESTER Spring 2010 OFFICE MC Basement between Dance Studios CLASS HOURS W 300450 pm PHONE Of ce 6159048286 Cell 6154271424 Home 6158961344 OFFICE HOURS By appointment CLASSROOM MC189 above racquetball court Off campus hikes meet Motor Pool Ropes Course meet Campus Rec amp bring ID COURSE REQUIREMENTS Students are expected to attend all classes and to be on time Go on one 1 weekend of 34 backpacking trips offered If your present schedule cannot meet these requirements you will forfeit 100 points Pay class fee of 3500 on Jan 20 or Feb 10 Cash or check payable to MTSU HHP Department No credit cards please Ni E SUGGESTED TEXT The 2 oz Backpacker A Problem Solving Manual for Use in the Wilds by Robert S Wood Beyond Backpacking Guide to LightweightHiking by Ray Jardine COOPERATIVE ADVENTURE CONCEPT This is a group concept where each participant has the right to express hisher opinion and allows the group to then decide on the course of action Some decisions for the group pertaining to safety and logistics will be made by the instructor Each member of the group is responsible for hisher own actions on the trail The safety of all members of the group depends upon everyone remaining alert and concerned about one another as well as themselves Each participant is to contribute to the information of this course to provide a quality experience Outside people will be brought in for their expertise EVALUATION Attitude 25 points 440 7 500 A Folder 7 5 tabbed dividers 100 points 380 7 439 B Attendance 100 points 320 7 379 C Backpacking triptrips 100 points 319 7 260 D Required articles 13 75 points 0 7 259 F Exams Midterm amp Final 100 points Total 500 points FOLDER WITH TABBED SECTIONS l Doublespaced typewritten 10g record of each class mileage where we went what we did State weather with whom you rode etc 2 Articles brought to class 7 highlighted 7 Prepare Table of Contents for articles in nal folder 3 Any and all handouts 4 Midterm paper and nal presentation writeup 5 Environmental Project REASONABLE ACCOMMODATION FOR STUDENT WITH DISABILITIES If you have a disability that may require assistance or accommodation or you have questions related to any accommodations for testing note takers readers etc please speak with me as soon as possible Students may also contact the Of ce of Disabled Student Services 8982783 with questions about such services Tennessee Education Lottery Scholarship Information To retain Tennessee Education Lottery Scholarship eligibility you must earn a cumulative TELS GPA of 275 after 24 attempted hours and a cumulative TELS GPA of 30 thereafter A grade of C D F or I in this class may negatively impact TELS eligibility Dropping a class after 14 days may also impact eligibility if you withdraw from this class and it results in an enrollment status of less than full time you may lose eligibility for your lottery scholarship 100 POINT TRIP OPTIONS Select One Trip Edie s Weekend Backpacking Trip students and weather will determine Mar 1921 or 2628 South Cumberland or Big South Fork Campus Recreation Opp01tunities Feb 67 2010 Winter Backpacking Trip Virgin Falls 2000 Register by Feb 2 See Josh Stone at Campus Rec Center Limited to 12 Apr 1718 2010 Women only Backpacking and Yoga Trip South Cumberland State Park ENVIRONMENTAL PROJECT OPTION National Public Land Day Saturday Apr 24 830 am 7 1230 pm at Stones River Battle eld 6158939501 Snack lunch provided Wear long pants and sturdy shoes Bring work gloves if you have them Backpacking is the subject Outdoors is the classroom What you learn is about yourself Schedule for Backpacking Spring 2010 Wednesday 300 450 pm Jan 20 Introduce self 3X5 cards syllabus share hiking amp backpacking experience Explain logfolderenvironment projectmidterm paperfinal presentation Hike to MC 1 391 room HHP O ice and instructor s office Jan 27 Hike to Jaycee Park on Bell Street MEET IN CLASSROOM Feb 3 Ropes Course 7 low elements MEET CRO Wear sturdy shoes and long pants BRING STUDENT ID Feb 10 MEET IN CLASSROOM 5 ARTICLES DUE Talk 1 Backpacks how to pack adjustment clean store repair and lift properly Talk 2 Planning a backpacking trip Talk 3 Hiking bootssocksfoot care 7 moleskin Talk 4 Clothing 7 layering and suggested fabrics for hiking Talk 5 Physical tness backpack conditioning Feb 17 Hike Stones River Battlefield I MEET MOTOR POOL Feb 24 Ropes Course 7 high elements Wear sturdy shoes Bring ID MEET Q CRO Mar 3 Hike Cedar Glade MEET MOTOR POOL Norw MEET IN CLASSROOM 5 ARTICLES DUE Talk 1 Tents tarps shelters Talk 2 Sleeping bag pads Talk 3 Backcountry cooking Talk 4 Stoves Talk 5 Leave Not a Trace ethic Mar 10 Spring Break 7 No class ENJOY and BE SAFE Mar 17 Hike Bar eld or Stones River Battle eld MEET MOTOR POOL Mar 24 MID TERM MEET IN CLASSROOM 4page paper due Backpacking book review 7 1 cover page 1 reference page M 45 doublespaced typed pages Backpacking First Aid hypothermia and water puri cation Film on hypothermia 3 ARTICLES DUE Mar 31 Hike Twin Forks Trail MEET MOTOR POOL Apr 7 Guest Speaker 7 Bertha Chrietzberg Edible Plants MEET MOTOR POOL CANNONSBURG Apr 14 Hand in folder Hike Stones River Battle eld MEET MOTOR POOL Apr 21 No class LIBRARY ASSIGNMENT Apr 28 Begin presentations MEET IN CLASSROOM May 5 FINAL 7 300500 pm MEET IN CLASSROOM Wed Complete presentations Pick up folder Explanation MC Murphy Center SRBF Stones River Battle eld CRO Campus Recreation Of ce am Backpacking Book Review 1 The first five articles were written by myself and the other articles are from Backpacker magazine and the US Army s Survival Manual Table of Contents Packing List 7 Knife Sharpening Guide 3941 What do I need 2 How to sharpen it 4 What type of knife should I get S Locating and Purifying Water Snlm es 6 Building a Fire with Raw Materials 7 Impromptu Shelters R Top 10 quot 39 y Skills 9 Surviving Predictable Challenges 10 Backpackers Fitness Guide 11 39 y Chef 12 quot 39 y RAFEIHAlt Various Compiled Skills 14 Massage away knee pain 14 Avoiding poisonous planfc 14 Identifying bear trarkc 14 l C r39 iconic peaks 139 Avoiding a snake him 139 Being bear aware 1393 Poisonous Plants 16 Dangerous Animals 17 Medical Issues Relating to Heat 18 Backpacking Book Review Packing List Backpacking Book Review Knife Sharpening Guide What do I need Backpacking Book Review How to sharpen it Backpacking Book Review What type of knife should I get Backpacking Book Review Locating and Purifying Water Sources Backpacking Book Review Building a Fire with Raw Materials Backpacking Book Review Impromptu Shelters Backpacking Book Review Top 10 Backcountry Skills Backpacking Book Review Surviving Predictable Challenges Backpacking Book Review Backpackers Fitness Guide Backpacking Book Review Backcountry Chef Backpacking Book Review Backcountry Recipes Backpacking Book Review 14 Various Compiled Skills Massage away knee pain Avoiding poisonous plants Identifying bear tracks Backpacking Book Review Photograph iconic peaks Avoiding a snake bite Being bear aware Backpacking Book Review Poisonous Plants Backpacking Book Review Dangerous Animals Backpacking Book Review Medical Issues Relating to Heat


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