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by: Floy Quitzon III

Microbiology BIOL 2230

Floy Quitzon III
GPA 3.63

Anthony Newsome

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About this Document

Anthony Newsome
Class Notes
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This 6 page Class Notes was uploaded by Floy Quitzon III on Wednesday September 23, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to BIOL 2230 at Middle Tennessee State University taught by Anthony Newsome in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 30 views. For similar materials see /class/213212/biol-2230-middle-tennessee-state-university in Biology at Middle Tennessee State University.


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Date Created: 09/23/15
Viruses o Reproduce only within cells 0 No metabolism outside the host cells 0 Composed of Nucleic acid and protein codes 0 Few if any of their own enzymes Human E Viruses O o Cultivate via animal tissue culture eggs Viral diseases of the skin 0 Warts Papilloma virus contagious immunity increases with age 0 Smallpox Variola virus exposure to cowpox last reported case was in 1977 0 Chicken pox varicella zoster 9respiratory route 9 skin 9 vesicularfluid filled lesion 9latent infection can cause shingles 9 viremia blood virus 9 encephalitis infection of brain small latent infection can remain silent in host for long periods of time without disease 0 Measles o Rubeola old fashion highly contagious enters via respiratory route small number experience encephalitis blindness hearing loss 0 Rubella German Measles three day measles can cross placenta I More mild often undetected I Mother s first trimester I 30 chance of congenital rubella syndrome 0 Herpes simplex 0 Type cold sores I 90 of people have herpes see your mom I 15 experience reoccourance cold sores 0 Factors such as stress nutrition rest I Herpetic keratitis infects eye 0 Type II genital herpes I Sexual contact I Latent virus I Mucosal cells of genital urinary tract I Rarely encephiltitis Viral Diseases of Central Nervous System o Polio virus 9 Poliomyelitis 0 Still a major issue in many parts of the world 0 Injest virus 9 contaminated H20 9 multiplies in small intestine 9 viremia 9 1 of infected have virus get into the CNS 0 Rabies Virus fatal encephalitis I Animal bites 0 Unique in that the incubation period is long enough to allow imunity from post exposure vaccination o Multiplies in muscular tissue 9 CNS fatal once encephalitis sets in o Bites on hand and face are of greater concern because of higher nerve endings I You want to bit on the behind o Hydrophobia can not drink H20 wont go down can not swallow due to inflammation 0 Arbovirus 9 carried by mosquitoes 0 Saint Louis Encephalitis 0 West Nile Virus Vial diseases of the cardiovascular system 0 Epstein Barr Vius o Burkett s Lumphoma Africa 0 Nasopharyngeal Cancer China 0 Infectious monocucleosis USA 15 college Students 0 Chronic Fatigue Syndrome victims blood provides high anticells for mono Viral diseases of the digestive system 0 Hepatitis 0 Viral Hepatitis several types I RNA Virus Hepatitis A infectious hepatitis 0 Oral route 9 intestinal tract 0 50 infected have no symtoms caries via fecal matter liver damage 0 Tx immune globulin I DNA VirusHeppatitis B 0 Blood Transfusions IV Drug use Secretions I Non A nonB hepatitis hepatitis C o STD o Rotavirus dehydration diarrhea o Norwark Virus Cruise ships virally induced diarrhea o Newborns and Premature o RSV respiratory syncytial viris o Syncytialmultinucleated cell 0 Influenza Virus Bacterial Diseases of the Respiratory System Bacteria do not grow while floating Number of bacteria is higher in the air inside then outside Leaves nose up to 200 mph URT a Upper Respiratory Tract b Nose throat LRT a lower respiratory tract b larynx trachea bronchial tubes and aveoli Pharyngitis imflamation of mucus membranes of throat o Streptococcus pyogenes gt strep throat I Erythrogenic toxin rhmatuc fever I Rash scarlet fever strawberry tounge Diphtheria effects throat maybe heart and kidneys o Corynebacterium diphtheria o DBT shot inactive virus Whooping cough 0 Bordetella pertussis gt colonizes cilia in back of throat Bacterial Pneumonia 50000 killed a year Fluid accumulated in lungs with inflammation 0 Streptococcus pneumonia Legionella pneumophila Legionnaires39 disease 0 nhaling airgilated bacteria from H20 cooling towers Atypical Pneumonia bacteria will not culture in lab medium 0 Mycroplasmic pneumonia young children 0 Chlymedia pneumonia college students T 39 weight loss chronic fatigue fever nfects 9 macrophage aveoli like cell injests cells destroys cells 6 weeks to form 0 colony 9eventually take over and produce lesions in effort to isolate from the rest of the body somatic response forms capsules around them creating turbucal o Tubercle 9 calcifies Bacterial Disease of digestive systems injested contaminated foodwater Mouth Fecal oral route 1 gram of fecal material 100 billion bacteria 4050 of shit is composed of bacteria o Streptococcus mutans ideological agent of carries cavities o Peridontal disease caused by anaerobic bacteria 0 Infection vs intoxication 0 Infection bacteria are multiplying on tissue 0 Intoxication injection of preformed toxin 0 Dysenery diarrhea blood mucas o Gastroeneritis enterotoxin intestine inflammation of stomach or intestional mucosal o Reslultof enterotoxin gt exotocin that s on in intestine o Staphycoccal food poisoning survives boiling temperatures 0 Staphylococcus aureus 0 Won t kill you might make you wish you were dead Rapid onset 16 hours rl n I I 0 ILIgt g 39 chicken poultry 112 days onset o Salmonella typhi Typhoid fever high fever diarehea attack on organs can be fatal 0 Vibro cholera cholera 0 Loss of 1220 liters of fluid a day 0 Travelers diarrhea Escherichia coli gastroenterity different strains 0 Ecoli 0157 enterohemorrhegic strain 0 Potent toxin causes bleeding kidney failure lettuce rare hamburgers o clostridium perfringens food poisoning enterotoxin canned meat 0 Listeriosis Listeria monocytogenes 0 Dairy bologna deli meats o If healthy sick for a few days full recovery if pregnant it can pass to child causing still birth or neurological disease Bacterial Diseases of urinary and reproductive systems 0 Neisseria gonorrhoeae most reported STD required to report it 0 Attach to mucosal cells genital eyes oral 50 chance of infection May become systemic and invade other organs More harmful to females OOO PID pelvic inflammatory disease 3040 0 May scare female reproductive tissue 0 Syphilis Treponema palladium 0 Initial lesion chancre 9 not treated 9 cross placenta 9 congenial symptoms brain damage or 9 central nervious system 0 Bacteria Chlamydia trachomatis discomfort std o Trichomonas vaginalis protozoan 620 million infected in USA ltbacteriagt Normal Flora Humans gt germ free at birth soon acquire gt hoursfew days gt lactobacillus may obtain from the birth canal Escherichia Coli Areas of the body with normal flora multiply the skin 0 staphylococcus aureus 0 staphylococcus epidermidis 0 many types 0 Neisseria menigitidis normal in healthy flora major cause of meningitis in the US Meningococcal meningitis caused by neisseria mengitidis college students and the military are recommended to get vaccinated because strains are different in different areas and when people are brought together their body is exposed to new strains College students and military are highly susceptible because stress can put strain on the immune system Mouth 10039s of different types streptococcus mutans sticks to the enamel of the teeth etiologic agent of cavities etiology etiologic agent refers to the cause of the disease refers to the microorganism that causes a disease large intestine Esherichia coli Proteus klebsiella shigella enterics refers to any bacteria found in the intestine small intestine smaller number of bacteria stomach very few bacteria if any very acidic so not many bacteria can survive lower urinary and genital system staphylococcus pseudonymous under normal conditions urine should have few to no bacteria Normally not pathogenic but if they get where they shouldn39t be and begin to resulting disease can be devastating Few of the many species of bacteria that occur in nature cause disease


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