Sociology chapter 9
Sociology chapter 9 SOCI 2010
Popular in Foundations of Sociology
Popular in Sociology
This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Caoimhe Notetaker on Wednesday September 23, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to SOCI 2010 at Tulane University taught by David Maddox in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 91 views. For similar materials see Foundations of Sociology in Sociology at Tulane University.
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Date Created: 09/23/15
Chapter 9 Cities and Communities 09242015 The neighborhoods where violence is concentrated are al so the poorest and most racially segregated neighborhoods in the city 0 Children who are given a standard assessment reading vocab perform substantially worse of assessed in the days following a local homicide 0 Local violence does not just affect those who are there to witness it but also quotgets into the mindsquot of youth throughout the community 0 The quality of a child s educational opportunities depends largely on the child s address What draws people to cities 0 Urban area a population density at least 1000 people per square mile census 0 Also known as metropolitan regions 0 Sociologists focus on how cities Communities form and change AND the affects on the way people interact o Industrialization lead to an increase in urbanization 0 New urban forms 0 Conurbs continuous urban regions extending across city and suburban political life Dallas fort worth Seattle Tacoma 0 Mega cities population over 10 million 0 Mega regions at least 2 cities are linked through infrastructure Northeastern USA 0 White Flight the movement of white families out of central cities into suburbs driven by changing demographics of cities mainly an increase in minorities o Redlining predominantly black Racially mixed communities literally outlined in red on maps to signify that they has lowest rankings and were ineligible for loans Suburban sprawl the boundaries of suburbs stretched further away Edge cities selfcentered world located at the junction of major freeways and transportation systems 0 Feature business and social cultural activates that used to be located in central cities How do neighborhoods form and change 0 Urban ecology theory a process in which different segments of a population sort themselves into area of the city in which they thrive Burgess s concentric zone Chicago 0 All activities centered around the central business district The next layer being the manufacturing area Then the zone of transition Then the commuter zone a As you increase in social standing you move further from the central business district 0 Very in uential but too rigid to apply to other cities Especially outside US 0 Growth machine theory investors and government work to increase the size of cities population in make attractive to businesses Gentri cation when neighborhoods undergo a process of Change where new investments new people and new establishments move into and alter the character of the neighborhood 0 Usually becomes upperclass How do cities in uence who we are 0 Wirth argued that city dwellers interact in largely super cial ways similar to Simmel 0 Because of unique specialization of urban residents into different types of occupations o Differentiation of urban individuals by social class 0 Segregation of urban spaces by race 0 But Simmel also saw cities as liberating 0 Jane Jacobs cities foster community Physical layout of neighborhoods has a lot to do with quality of life within 0 Online social networks increase social capital 0 Communities with high levels of cohesion and trust have lower levels of crime and violence even if the community is very poor Why are so many social problems found in cities 0 Urban renewal federally funded policy resulting in the destruction of poor and working class neighborhoods 0 Famed as a reform effort designed to improve housing for the poor BUT developers and business community reap most of the bene ts 0 Urban Ghettos a term used to refer to sections of cities with severe racial Ethnic segregation and deep poverty 0 Great migration African Americans from south to industrialization Northeast and Mid west 0 Concentration of poverty in urban areas associated with high violence homelessness joblessness and welfare recipients o 1940 ghetto a place where all classes of African American familiar were forced to live o 1980 ghetto a pace where the most impoverished communities of racial ethnic minorities had been abandoned Global neighborhoods contain member of several different racial ethnic groups 0 O 0 An increase in diverse urban landscapes due to immigration may lead to a decrease in racial segregation Or Segmented assimilation immigrants and children experience either Upwards mobility assimilation into mainstream Downward mobility and lives of poverty lntegrate into economic mainstream and keep ethnic ties by living in residential enclaves US cities continue to be primary point of entry for immigrants