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Depression and Mania

by: Mackayla Notetaker

Depression and Mania PSY 3003

Mackayla Notetaker
Arkansas Tech University

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About this Document

These notes cover the causes and symptoms of depression and mania. I also added examples to help you study.
Abnormal Psychology
Class Notes
Abnormal psychology
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Mackayla Notetaker on Thursday March 17, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSY 3003 at Arkansas Tech University taught by Willbanks in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 18 views. For similar materials see Abnormal Psychology in Psychlogy at Arkansas Tech University.


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Date Created: 03/17/16
Depression and Mania 1) An overview of depressions and mania a. Major depressive episode Extreme depression 2 weeks Cognitive symptoms Physical Dysfunction: sleep, appetite, energy Anhedonia (no pleasure from things that they used to enjoy) Duration- 4 to 9 months, untreated 2) D: Dysphoria (Sadness) E: energy (loss of) P: Pleasure (loss of/anhedonia) R: Retardation (Psychomotor slowing/agitation) E: Eating (changes in weight or appetite)- women are more likely to eat more and gain weight S: Suicide ( recurring thoughts of death) S: Sleep (any change. Most sleep less some sleep more) I: Indecisive (poor concentration) N: Negative thinking G: Guilt or Hopeless thinking Manic Mary had most of these symptoms 3) Overview of Mania a. Manic episode Exaggerated elation, joy, euphoria 1 week or less Cognitive symptoms Physical dysfunction (May live with very little sleep) Duration- 3 to 4 months untreated- most end up in hospital, jail, or dead Think of a person on crack Extreme self confidence (This is how some die) More talkative Flight of ideas and making no sense Psychomotor agitation (chewing gum, twitching, etc.) Having multiple sexual partners Depressive Disorders Persistent Depressive Disorder (Dysthymia) Milder symptoms 2 or more years Chronic Persistent Kind of like eyor from Winnie the Pooh Only has to last a year for children Double Depression Major depressive episodes and dysthymic disorder Harder to treat Additional defining criteria for depressive disorders- will be essay question on test Atypical- oversleep, overeat, weight gain, anxiety, mood reactivity, interpersonal refection sensitivity (mostly present in women) Melancholic- early morning awakening, psychomotor agitation, loss of appetite, guilt, lack of reactivity Catatonic-Absence of movement, very serious. Could also be inappropriate movement Psychotic- mood congruent hallucinations/delusions (Mary had auditory delusions with the voices) Seasonal pattern-2 or more episodes occurring at the same time With Anxious Distress- presence of anxiety Mixed features- at least three symptoms of mania Peripartum onset- (13-19%)-shows before giving birth


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