New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

Background on textbook

by: Rebecca Skodis

Background on textbook 416

Marketplace > Sociology > 416 > Background on textbook
Rebecca Skodis
Global Cities
No professor available

Almost Ready


These notes were just uploaded, and will be ready to view shortly.

Purchase these notes here, or revisit this page.

Either way, we'll remind you when they're ready :)

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

Global Cities
No professor available
One Day of Notes
25 ?




Popular in Global Cities

Popular in Sociology

This 3 page One Day of Notes was uploaded by Rebecca Skodis on Friday September 19, 2014. The One Day of Notes belongs to 416 at a university taught by a professor in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 113 views.

Similar to 416 at University


Reviews for Background on textbook


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 09/19/14
Abu Laghod Biographical Info 91514 Author of New York Chicago LA NYChicagoLA author amp book as a whole Husband Ibrahim Abu Laghod Worked at Northwestern quot391968 Very good at talking about web of connections from cities were very instrumental to writing Names a bunch of people acknowledgements 0 Christopher Wiiams grad student in sociology Alex phody econ grad student Did a lot of the ground workresearch Editor of encyclopedia of NYC amp NY state Ken Jackson historian from Columbia Peter Markusnah Well connected with researchers book store owners librarians intellectuals etc Stern Webber president of RPA regional planet association research and public materials about how city is organized NYC Written towards the end of her career Wrote an entire book about Chicago as well Overview chapter lays out overall framework Cities that are global in their reach is not new 0 Cities have had international roles for several hundred years ex Venice Marseilles Constantinople 0 National capitals etc are international in their reach Making a comparison is possible between cities NYChicagoLA 0 All relatively recent in terms of state and history as opposed to European and Asian cities OOOOOO In looking at 3 cities notes that cities are really quot200 years old at best 0 Really begin to flower within a few decades of one another 0 Temporal dimension to how we considerlook at these cities National context geographical context and technological context 0 LA has a seaport Long Beach amp sort of on the coast for LA to prosper needed a port man made port says something about the technologies available at that time19101920 gets water from aqueduct basically in the desert also says something about technological facets of the city 0 Geographica cities are not next to each other not twin cities like Utica and Rome etc highly separated by physical geographical space developing in different geographical terrains geography sets limits on development possibilities 0 NY is on the coast and at the mouth of large river Hudson gives a leg up on other cities which may be on the coast like Boston but who39s rivers are not navigable 0 Chicago is on the shore of Michigan Lake by 1820 because of Erie canal one could ship goods to Chicago has ocean access also the quotwater pointquot for a vast interland of the American NW doesn39t develop at same time as NY but later growing when NY is already a large active city quotsecond cityquot to NY begins to prosper and grow by middle of 19th cent in part of location and a single event civil war created jobs and demand for products that come out of Midwest 0 Nationa in 19th cent there is a steady and ongoing transformation of American agriculture that was part of a larger transformation industrial rev moves people out of country side into cities and factories 0 Industrial rev notjust about factories but also improving production efficiencies in a range of activities 0 Has direct impact on farms anima drawn plows to mechanical tractors etc o Substitution of machines from human and animal labor 0 Need for people to work farms declines and their labor is no longer needed 0 Cost of labor is undercut by lower cost of using machines 0 As cost of machine labor declines and becomes more efficient people from farms pushed to cities 0 Labor is component of national transitions Demographic dimension to cities as well 0 Grow is both internal and international 0 Migration is needed because growth requiresdemands more labor and people pulling people out of country side but more people still needed people pulled from Europe and Asia 0 Demographic dimension has not stopped witnessed by continuing arguments about illegal immigration and undocumented citizens coming from central America etc Why do we still need labor from outside places 0 Attractive to these people to come here because there is still agricultural laborseasonal labor Large scale movements are shaping the countries and these cities Talks about several different cycles of development 0 Kondratieff wavescyces economic cycles 0 Intervals of high growth and relatively slow growth 0 If you look at an econsociety its development is not continuous 0 Driven by different kinds of development basic enabling technologiesdisruptions etc 0 Ex when Clinton was in office 19932001 one of the things that was happening was a long term economic boom one reason why this was happening was that there was an ongoing economic developmenttransformation driven by the growth of computers and electronics hi tech industries 0 Rise of semiconductor technologies and integrated circuits take electronics from one stage to a fundamentally different one made possible the radical mini erization of electronic components 0 Allows for technologies and electronics to be created on a more operable level 0 Telephones go from being huge and heavy to cell phones and more manageable etc o Enabling technologies circuits etc mini erization o Disruptive but allows for economy to have full employment 0 First cycle cities are part of a political national and intentional development 0 NY is really the only one that is important to cycle 0 Develops initially in a political context of colonial settlement 0 Expansion cumulates on American revolution leading to independent nation with one capitalist class Capitalism of the time is called mercantile capitalismsimply the econ are built on capitalist relations property rights and trade in both commodities ands semi processed products that are produced here and in Caribbean and then traded internally in domestic market and internationally via ships commercial activity


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

25 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Steve Martinelli UC Los Angeles

"There's no way I would have passed my Organic Chemistry class this semester without the notes and study guides I got from StudySoup."

Allison Fischer University of Alabama

"I signed up to be an Elite Notetaker with 2 of my sorority sisters this semester. We just posted our notes weekly and were each making over $600 per month. I LOVE StudySoup!"

Bentley McCaw University of Florida

"I was shooting for a perfect 4.0 GPA this semester. Having StudySoup as a study aid was critical to helping me achieve my goal...and I nailed it!"

Parker Thompson 500 Startups

"It's a great way for students to improve their educational experience and it seemed like a product that everybody wants, so all the people participating are winning."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.