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Anth 101 Week 9 Notes

by: Breionna Real

Anth 101 Week 9 Notes ANTH 101

Breionna Real
GPA 3.35

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Cultural Anthropology Week 9 Notes Patterns of Subsistence cont and Economics
Kellen Gilbert
Class Notes
anth 101, Cultural Anthropology, Anthropology, kellen gilbert, selu
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Breionna Real on Thursday March 17, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ANTH 101 at Southeastern Louisiana University taught by Kellen Gilbert in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 26 views. For similar materials see CULTURAL ANTHROPOLOGY in anthropology, evolution, sphr at Southeastern Louisiana University.

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Date Created: 03/17/16
Cultural Anthropology SELU ANTH 101 Week Nine Lecture Notes Patterns of Subsistence cont. Hunting and  Pastoralism Horticulture Agriculture Gathering What it is Hunting of  Herding of  Domestication of  Modification of  animals and the  domesticated  plants, basic  the landscape to  gathering of edible animals like goats,  gardening with  produce crops plants and fruits cattle, sheep, etc mixed plots Emerged between  Emerged about  12,000 and 10,000  10,000 years ago years ago Men are  Hunting Herding Hunting Farming responsible for Women are  Gathering Childcare, water,  Gathering,  Childcare, building responsible for building fires,  childcare, building fires, etc skinning animals,  fires, etc etc The people are Nomadic Nomadic Sedentary Sedentary Group size Small (>100) Small Medium Large Only about  The availability of  Populations  Populations are  300,000  meat means more  become more  even more dense,  individuals are  people can be  dense, villages  towns and cities  H&G, all live in  supported, number emerge, leadership emerge, people  marginal areas  of livestock owned roles develop have time to  where it is hard to  is a means of  become  survive social status specialized, culture becomes stratified Example Hadzabe of  Maasai of  Yanomami of  Aztec of Central  Tanzania Tanzania and  Venezuela and  Mexico ­ One of the last Kenya Brazil ­ Specialized  H&G groups ­ Herd goats and ­ Grow bananas  tools ­ Irrigation cattle and a type of  ­ Fond of  manioc (ants  ­ Fertilizers jewelry don’t get into  ­ Short hair  it, which is a  common huge bonus) ­ Distinct age  ­ Men have  classes paddles to  ­ Deliberate  hunt fish with scarring a  ­ Use poisoned  form of body  arrows and  art (emerged  darts to slow  as a method of down prey avoiding eye  infections Economics Economics refers to how cultures distribute goods, of which there are four methods: Reciprocity Trade Redistribution Market ­ Most basic ­ Direct exchange ­ Works best for  ­ Indirect exchange ­ Direct exchange ­ Group to group Horticulturalists and ­ Two step process ­ Individual to  ­ Cultivates kinship,  Agriculturalists ­ Purchase of an item  individual social, and political  ­ Leaders accept any  or good with  ­ Exchange of equal  relationships surplus goods currency value ­ Usually public and  ­ Surplus goods are  ­ Supply and demand  ­ Best in small groups very ritualistic then redistributed as economics like H&G,  ­ EG The Kula Ring  rewards to the  ­ Every culture is  Pastoralists,  as noted by  leader’s favorite  somehow involved  Horticulturalists  Bronislaw  subjects, the needy,  in a market system ­ Balanced  Malinowski, where  or used in trade relationship,  a circle of islands  “leveling” or  traded and offered  balancing  armbands  mechanisms used ceremoniously  ­ EG The !Kung (! =  while exchanging  click sound) made  information on their fun of Richard B.   populations and  Lee for bringing  available men and  them livestock to  women for marriage feast on as a way to  keep him from  getting a big head


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