Anth 101 Week 9 Notes
Anth 101 Week 9 Notes ANTH 101
Popular in CULTURAL ANTHROPOLOGY
Popular in anthropology, evolution, sphr
This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Breionna Real on Thursday March 17, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ANTH 101 at Southeastern Louisiana University taught by Kellen Gilbert in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 26 views. For similar materials see CULTURAL ANTHROPOLOGY in anthropology, evolution, sphr at Southeastern Louisiana University.
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Date Created: 03/17/16
Cultural Anthropology SELU ANTH 101 Week Nine Lecture Notes Patterns of Subsistence cont. Hunting and Pastoralism Horticulture Agriculture Gathering What it is Hunting of Herding of Domestication of Modification of animals and the domesticated plants, basic the landscape to gathering of edible animals like goats, gardening with produce crops plants and fruits cattle, sheep, etc mixed plots Emerged between Emerged about 12,000 and 10,000 10,000 years ago years ago Men are Hunting Herding Hunting Farming responsible for Women are Gathering Childcare, water, Gathering, Childcare, building responsible for building fires, childcare, building fires, etc skinning animals, fires, etc etc The people are Nomadic Nomadic Sedentary Sedentary Group size Small (>100) Small Medium Large Only about The availability of Populations Populations are 300,000 meat means more become more even more dense, individuals are people can be dense, villages towns and cities H&G, all live in supported, number emerge, leadership emerge, people marginal areas of livestock owned roles develop have time to where it is hard to is a means of become survive social status specialized, culture becomes stratified Example Hadzabe of Maasai of Yanomami of Aztec of Central Tanzania Tanzania and Venezuela and Mexico One of the last Kenya Brazil Specialized H&G groups Herd goats and Grow bananas tools Irrigation cattle and a type of Fond of manioc (ants Fertilizers jewelry don’t get into Short hair it, which is a common huge bonus) Distinct age Men have classes paddles to Deliberate hunt fish with scarring a Use poisoned form of body arrows and art (emerged darts to slow as a method of down prey avoiding eye infections Economics Economics refers to how cultures distribute goods, of which there are four methods: Reciprocity Trade Redistribution Market Most basic Direct exchange Works best for Indirect exchange Direct exchange Group to group Horticulturalists and Two step process Individual to Cultivates kinship, Agriculturalists Purchase of an item individual social, and political Leaders accept any or good with Exchange of equal relationships surplus goods currency value Usually public and Surplus goods are Supply and demand Best in small groups very ritualistic then redistributed as economics like H&G, EG The Kula Ring rewards to the Every culture is Pastoralists, as noted by leader’s favorite somehow involved Horticulturalists Bronislaw subjects, the needy, in a market system Balanced Malinowski, where or used in trade relationship, a circle of islands “leveling” or traded and offered balancing armbands mechanisms used ceremoniously EG The !Kung (! = while exchanging click sound) made information on their fun of Richard B. populations and Lee for bringing available men and them livestock to women for marriage feast on as a way to keep him from getting a big head
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