Week 5 Notes
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Cynthia Bressler on Thursday September 24, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to Music 170 at Kansas State University taught by Dr. Maxwell in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 28 views.
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Date Created: 09/24/15
Week 5 Notes Ricky Nelson Singing and performance style closely paralleled Elvis amp Gene Vincent Maintained a more cleancut image that put him more in line with the Everly Brothers California entered the picture in a big way with vocal and instrumental surf music Beach Boys 0 Three brothers a cousin and a high school friend Brian Wilson lLeader and eventually producer vocals bass and keyboards Carl Wilson lead guitar and vocals Dennis Wilson drums and vocals Mike Love vocals Al lardine guitar and vocals 0 Early songs were in uenced by Chuck Berry and white vocal groups like the Four Freshmen 0 Music that seemed devoted to teenage summer fun surf music 0 Signed with Capitol Records in 1962 and released twentyfour top 40 hits by 1967 0 Ten of those were in the top 10 and two were 1 o quotSurfer39 Safariquot Surfin USAquot 1962 0 They felt a strong sense of competition with the Beatles distributed in the US by Capitol records 0 Early songs relied on straightforward rock and roll melodies guitar sounds and chord progressions 0 Their strong point was exceptional vocal abilities and talent for blending their voices 0 Brian Wilson demanded to be Beach Boys producer from early in their career Used Spector s idea of sounds Emphasized innovation Eventually stopped being in band just to produce their songs Dick Dale amp the DelTones Most closely associated with the term instrumental surf m usic Misrilou 1972 Chapter 4 Sweet Soul Some black singers had been on the pop charts since mids 19505 but had deviated from that during the teen idol surf music Beach Boys stage Nat King Cole 0 Send for Mequot 1957 Looking Backquot 1958 Ray Charles 1 Got a Womanquot 1954 inspired record labels to look for gospel artists to turn into rhythm and blues artists Also used pop amp country stylistic in uences in his songs 0 Georgia on My Mindquot 1960 Hit the Road Jack 1961 Sam Cooke Sang in a light pop style with noticeable elements of black music Cooke sang with the Soul Stirrers gospel group before he started singing pop music 0 Clear tenor voice frequent melodic embellishments New Black pop music arrived during the 1960s from new artists and other parts of the country Detroit Memphis Muscle Shoals AL Atlanta Motown Motown records was an independent label founded in Detroit Michigan 0 Had enormous commercial success that paralleled the Beatles success timeline in the early 1930s 0 Built the sound of the records around styles that appealed to a white audience Southern soul from Memphis area remained truer to musical roots in black culture Founded by Berry Gordy Ir in 1959 0 Had lots of odd jobs before such as boxing Ford assembly line plaster company and finally record store owner 0 Interested in jazz but knew it wouldn t sell However his boxing friend Iackie Wilson was going into singing and needed songs from Berry 0 Knew the best commercial potential was in crossover records So he took ideas from other industry standards and brought them to Motown 0 Original songwriting team included Berry Gordy William quotMickeyquot Stevenson amp William Smokey Robinson 0 Hits My Guyquot Mary Wells Producers From 19641967 Brian Holland Lamont Dozier and Eddie Holland created many hits for groups recording for the label HDH o Supremes Four Tops Martha amp the Vandellas Quality control Motown style 0 Recording were produced in two adjoining Detroit houses called Hitsville USAquot Funk Brothers played most of the recordings Ended up basically creating Motown sound Artist development was incorporated into the label 0 Purpose was to teach lowincomebred artists how to behave in all possible social situations 0 Gordy hired former Broadway choreographer and charm school teacher to teach his artists dance and manners etiquette