Life Cycle Development - Week 5 Notes
Life Cycle Development - Week 5 Notes PSYC 2310
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Cristina Saiz on Thursday September 24, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to PSYC 2310 at University of Texas at El Paso taught by Dr. Lawrence Cohn in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 78 views. For similar materials see Life Cycle Developmemt in Psychlogy at University of Texas at El Paso.
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Date Created: 09/24/15
Week 5 Life Cycle Development Growth of Social Attachment How does baby become bonded to some adult Newborn baby turns head toward human voice turns head to female pitch better than others will follow stimulus depicting human face than neutral stimulus 2 week old baby looked at an object and toes pointed out 2 week old baby looked at mom and moved slightly toward mom and got closer to her then baby moved back slightly and mom leaned forward towards baby Konrad Lorenz baby ducklings followed him when he separated them from mother duck before birth This is known as imprinting genetic inherited state of readiness young baby animals tend to follow first large moving object they encounter if he had waited too long they wouldn t have imprinted Time changes with different animals Baby chicks have to be imprinted within 36 hours baby sheep have to imprint within 10 days Critical period during which baby can imprint time varies with different animals Reintroducing the mother duck still did not make the baby ducks follow her NO mechanism similar to imprinting with human infants study of 100 moms from Jamaica 50 held baby for bonding 50 caught a glimpse of baby and then baby went for wellbaby checkup several months later they evaluated that bond when they went for the baby s first checkup and doctor takes baby for evaluation mothers kind of followed the doctor and hovered around him but this only means the mother bonded with the baby and not necessarily the other way around Nursing breastfeeding the baby creates a greater bond and attachment Harry Harlow experiment with animal model of bonding took newborn monkey from mother and raised it in good conditions baby went to wire mesh model of monkey with a bottle to nurse but baby clings to terry cloth model of monkey without a bottle when a mechanical spider is placed in room with monkey monkey seeks comfort from terry cloth monkey Attachment Stranger anxiety babies 68 months begin to show distress in seeing strangers realization that this person isn t mom Separation anxiety for first time 68 month how signs of distress when main caregiver leaves the room Both signal growth of attachment Strange situation bring baby to unfamiliar lab with mom come in and place baby on floor to play and mom sits close by A series of scripted event unfold mom encourages baby to explore then a stranger enters the room Stranger talks with mom approached baby and mom leaves the room Mom returns and settles down the crying baby but leaves again and this time baby is alone when stranger comes in again Some babies explore the environment immediately after being placed on the floor When mom leaves the room some babies get upset some don t Securely attached babies who explore may or may not get upset when mom leaves but are still happy to see her when she comes back in and wants to be picked up Insecurely attached ambivalent Baby sticks close to the mom and gets mad when she leaves but is happy to see her when she returns Wants to be picked up but pushes away from mom once baby is held Insecurely attached avoidant ignores mom when she comes back into the room and doesn t care to be picked up Securely attached children at age 3 were more curious more selfdirected more sought out by peers more likely to seek help from teacher Study of baby being placed in crib with thermometer When stranger was near the baby s temperature went down When mother was near temperature stayed the same Placing baby in day care Does it matter if you drop your baby lt6months off at daycare find that full time day care being 20hrs a week or more said to be classified as insecurely attached baby BO39I39I39OM LINE if infant is placed in well cared for daycare it will not have detrimental effect on attachment Growth of SelfA wareness At what point do babies become selfaware Study mirror setting at 9months 12m 15m 18m 21m and 24months Baby placed in front of mirror and let the baby habituate to the mirror Mom comes in and wipes baby s face but dabs some lipstick on baby s nose Target directed behavior 9 does baby recognize lipstick on its own face and wipe at its own nose of infants showing target directed behavior at 9m 9 0 at 15m9 19 at Zlm 69 at lzm 0 at 18m9 25 at 24m9 75 9 amp 12months no understanding of self as measured by this procedure there can be other tests that indicate other sense of self in a different way
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