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Date Created: 09/24/15
READING NOTES SW 7560 from text Contemporary Human Behavior Theory Third ed CHAPTER 7 PSYCHODYNAMIC THEORY Part One Pgs 169 186 SIGMUND FREUD PSYCHOANALYSIS Three Levels of Stages of Psychosexual Consciousness Development ORAL ANAL l ID EGO SUPEREGO STAGE STAGE PHALLIC LATENCY Infancy to 12 2 to 3 39 5 Or 6 Puberty to or 18 months Vears 33223 adulthood Ego Psychology Heinz Hartmann quotFather of Psychology LATER c REFORMULATIONS k 1 J Object Relations Theory j Alfred Alder Otto Rank Carl Jung devoted followers eventual S lit Karan Horney believed REFOIE E XTIONS people had ability to develop c j k and chane 1 Harry Stack Sullivan favored a more social and interpersonal THE FREDIAN MAINSTREAM k j theor I Psychodynamic Theory a model of personality development based on the existence of opposing forces that strive dynamic balance pg 70 of text gt Important terms to remember INTRAPSYCHIC dynamic con ict between psychic structures internally personal internally PSYCHOSOCIAL structures between internal and external forces societal forces external A Historical Text SIGMUND FREUD 1 Known as Godfather of psychodynamic theory 2 Ideas based on earlier philosophers and theorists 19th century German philosophers before Freud 1 Gotthif Heinrichron Schubert Carl Gustav Carus Fredrich Nietzsche coined ID 2 Arthur Schopenhauer primary sex instinct id ego and repression 3 Pierre Janet subconscious 4 Richard von Krafft ebing libido Psychoanalysis Freud l Freud did not believe people were born good or bad infants were amoral theory of psychosexual development 2 Hysterical paralysis found in Freud s patients hysteria is greek for uterus or womb Freud mind made of three parts 1 Unconscious holds ideas thoughts and memories that the individual cannot access 2 Preconscious holds ideas and thoughts that can be accessed through concentration 3 Conscious aware of thoughts presently in our mind The Structure of the Mind 1 Id present at birth corresponds to the unconscious 2 Ego includes both the conscious and preconscious 3 Superego Punishes or rewards presents judgment of Id and Ego 4 The Pleasure Principle stems entirely from the Id s need to extend libidinal energy 5 Libido pleasure sexual instinct Stages of Psychosexual Development Freud l oral stage birth to 12 or 18 months pleasure exploration through mouth 2 anal stage 2 to 3 years rectum an important means of self expression 3 phallic or Oedipal Stage 3 to 5 years discover that one can get pleasure through masturbation penis envy from girls 4 latency stage 5 or 6 to puberty erotic drives in genitals are repressed 5 genital stage puberty through adulthood genital maturity Other Stages Freud 1 anxiety originated in the id overabundance of libido or sexual feelings 2 defense mechanisms ego uses repression or pushes thoughts in id s unconscious when in danger H The Freudian Mainstream 1 Early Reformulations Alfred Alder Otto Rank and Carl Jung 8 b Karen Horney rejected Freud s biological determinism people have capacity to develop and change Henry Sullivan favored more a social and interpersonal theory rather than Freud s intraphysic biological approach 2 Later Reformulations 8 ego psychology Heinz Hartmann father of ego Psychology held belief one could develop independently of each other id amp ego Robert White idea of competence Object relation theory process and impact on personality and interpersonal relations 1 interpersonal relationships 2 intrapsychic structures 3 Object theory feminist revision 8 Nancy Chodorow feminist revision of Freudian theory said that male s rather than females development is problematic and con ictual Females become attached to mothers and seek bonding as adults through children because men are emotionally detached in heterosexual relationships According to Chodorow men have the power to define women s lives and identities 4 Self psychology in contrast to object theory Heinz Kohut relationship between the social structure and personality development
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