Week 2 Notes IP
Week 2 Notes IP INTS 1700
Popular in Introduction to International Politics
Popular in International Studies
This 6 page Class Notes was uploaded by Leela Orbidan on Thursday September 24, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to INTS 1700 at University of Denver taught by Amanda Donahoe in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 26 views. For similar materials see Introduction to International Politics in International Studies at University of Denver.
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Date Created: 09/24/15
Intro to International Politics Week 2 Notes September 22 3 levels of analysis Individual State International System lndividual Something caused by an individual in authority or in uence ex Some blame Hitler for WWII State Characteristics and actions by a certain state government as a whole The ideas and policies of a state In ternational System causes something through beheviour of interactions ultimately through war EXAMPLE 911 Individual Bush s response to terrorist attack was unique and caused a lot of events to follow his decisions Some point to Bin Laden s hatred for encouraging and starting terrorist groups State US operates with states that have terrorists in them but never terrorist groups Don t negotiate with terroristsquot Attack Iraq and Afghanistan but not Al Qaeda directly International System sources of power and security terrorism is used by the weakest in the system Where is the distribution of power and legitimacy Nation State Why do we have NationStates Protection is personalized Boundaries are drawn Game of time allocation 5 Social Values What we expectdemand Security Freedom Iustice quot9 how they are displayed depends on context and Welfare varies from state to state Order State has job of providing for its people As values are eroded at the basis we expect the state to protect if nothing else There are alternatives to nationstates PreState Functionally bound particular tasks structured by security dilemma Family Clan Tribe Religion Superior to or subordinate to state Empire a structure of subordination not replacement of local values Security Dilemma arms race in cold war When states are hyperconcerned about their own well being actions of neighbors are taken as threats How many quotstrengthsquot in order to feel safe More than the enemy therefore never enough Westphalia Origin of Sovereignty 1648 Peace of Wesphalia End of 30 year war in Europe Territory wedded to legitimate sovereign rulequot Supreme legal and political authority within territorially defined political entities states Noticeably absent Democracy Human Dignity Legal equality between states Internal sovereignty and nonintervention Religion is illegitimate basis for war Results of Westphalia No right to compromise neighbors borders Expansion of Empire America Africa Asia Consequences of major powers leaving each other alone Only for Europe not for colonies until after 1945 sovereign Ly within borders state has exclusive authority autonomy ability to do as it will without interference concept of sovereign equality no one has less more right than any state states territory based on social organizations which exist to establish social conditions and values 5 values see above the state system relationships between politically organized human groupings In anarchy without higher power Recognize sovereign equality Modern Total War 0rigins of WWI Systematic factors vs German expansionism vs Nationalism Versailles settlement Failed to address central problems of European Security Creates new sources of Grievances Rise of Hitler and WWII German attack on USSR extends war s scope and barbarity gt total war Iapanese attack on Pearl Harbor brought US in and gave Germany 2 war fronts Debate over dropping atomic bomb Failure to make world balanced explains the great depressions grievances after WWI recessions after wars Total War and End of Empire CoIIapse of 4 empires Russian German Ottoman AustrianHungarian Voluntary withdrawal Britain Partial or total maintenance France and Portugal DecoIonization Peaceful vs Revolutionary wars Sometimes embroiled superpowers success depends on perspectivequot norms practicing of something that it becomes expected A lot of international law is normative New norms of governance Following the end of Empire and WWI Makes modern nationstate system Cold War Civil and regional wars intensified by rivalry superpowers Continuing presence of n ucIear weapons Contribution to stability vs arms race Key issue was managing nuclear arsenals Crisis and brinkmanship in a nuclear world 1961 Berlin 1962 Cuba 1973 ArabIsraeli War 1983 Exercise End of Cold War Cold War Assumed intense competition which lead to Balance Stable Bipolar and Nuclear weapons Peaceful conclusion not predicted by realists Contributed to divide between realists power and constructivists identity idealogy Rise of term of globalization A very contested term Came with rise ofAmerican Hyperpower Unanticipated Still viewed world as threat even with spread of democracy and globalization Searching for a mission state vs system Rise of Developing World 3rd world largely unstable during Cold War Tension between economic growth and inequality Challenges Migration and Refugees Economic consequences of domestic unrest Political violence against the west September 24 Realism Timeless theory Dominant in study of international relations Thucydides Machiavelli Hobbes Roussea Sceptic about the capacity of human reason to develop moral progress Anarchy No international authority Egoism naturally people are selfish and that leads to con ict Unijjing theme states in anarchy cannot take their security for granted there fore they rationally compete for power and security Today continues to attract academics and inform policy makers Some questions about applicability of realist assumptions since the end of the Cold War Morality is shaped by the needs of the state Consistently competition for security Human Nature classical vs Anarchy neo Structural realism states as security maximizers defensive states as power maximizers offensive statism center for realists primary actors states sovereignty key survival primary objective of all states 1 priority everything else comes second Moral or immoral cannot be judged from the outside morality is through the views of the state decisions decided based on possible outcomes Self help cannot trust our neighbors they are looking out for only their best interest so therefore we must do the same No one can guarantee survival Coexistence possible temporary with the balance of power Cooperation based on self gain Gen era Assumptions states primary unitary states only actors states rational actors minimizes max loss National security is the top policy of hierarchy Sun Tsu He who is prudent and lies in wait for an enemy who is not will be victoriousquot Thucydides Strong do what they will weak do what they must Machiavelli better to be feared than loved Hobbes no one has a right to anything a war of all against all
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