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Lower Limbs Sep 24

by: Jordan Gause

Lower Limbs Sep 24 EEB 240

Jordan Gause
GPA 3.38
Human Anatomy
Benjamin Miller Auerbach (P)

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About this Document

These are the first set of notes for the Lower Limb section. These notes contain definitions and other info as well as diagrams/other pictures and labels of where the bones/ligaments/muscles/etc. a...
Human Anatomy
Benjamin Miller Auerbach (P)
Class Notes
25 ?




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This 8 page Class Notes was uploaded by Jordan Gause on Thursday September 24, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to EEB 240 at University of Tennessee - Knoxville taught by Benjamin Miller Auerbach (P) in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 209 views. For similar materials see Human Anatomy in Biology at University of Tennessee - Knoxville.


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Date Created: 09/24/15
LOWER LIMBS Movement terminology and the thigh know names and actions of bones as well as how it works with the corresponding posterior bone sympathetic nervous system in limbs autonomic but mostly somatic A Review of Terms connect bone to bone connect muscle to bone as muscles contract they pull on tendon for have origin and insertion attached to bone that ISN T moving attached to bone that IS moving synovial joint 2 bones move freely knee wrist etc tissue that envelope ends of 2 bones that attach articulation contain synovial uid inside joint capsule very slick produce it constantly 1 Hip Knee and Ankle synovial joints include ligaments and joint capsule synovial envelope B Synovialjoint 1 Components muscles and tendons muscle orientation bers tells how where bone to move they contract a way the bers face is direction they pull sesamoid bone patella knee cap is largest sesamoid bone embedded inside tendons affect way tendons pull on insertion 2 Movements 39 bones at joint angle gets longer bones at joint angle gets smaller knees when sitting Ab b faces away from A so motion away from midline of body Ad d faces towards A so motion towards the midline of body turn joint toward body toes pointed inward at hip like Tommy Pickles turn away from body toes pointed out from hip like ballerina C Lower Limb Regions thigh between hip and knee leg and foot also part of lower limb cavity on posterior of 1 knee joint only bone in thigh f lateral medial P 7 Femur Patella Fibula l Tibia f FOOt l D Thigh Femur ball and socket articulate to socket in hip joint neck diaphysis rounded extension articulate with tibia and distal to knee where patella slides moves every time you ex femur bumps tendons insert here roughness of o e ridgeprojection POSTERIOR V 7 If B all a n d s o c ket it N ec k Greaterlesser trochanter l1 gt Condyles Epicondyles Patellar groove 1 HipJoint strongest ligaments twisted when extended hip joint more relaxed when sitting down because not twisted inside joint capsule Posterior ligament helps hold head in E Lower Limb Blood Flow brings blood to limbs 1 In Thigh pubis to iliac crest external iliac artery just inferior of iliac crest crosses over to enter lower limbvein exists BLOOD FLOW TRACED TO THIGH ARTERIES 1 external iliac underneath inguinal ligament 2 renamed main blood supply to thigh 3 gives off big artery called little arteries called go to posterior portion of thigh 4 continues through thigh in opening called 5 change name to behind knee comes off profunda femoris ascending and artery connects to ascending lateral femoral super cial comes from venus complex of foot on anterior medial thigh into femoral vein into femoral triangle descending circum ex contains no muscles overlying femoral artery muscle or nerve entirety of muscles one thick layer of fascia fascia lata F lumbosacral nervous plexus pudendal comes from this femoral nerve between inguinal ligament and pelvis obturator nerve superior gluteal nerve inferior gluteal nerve sciatic nerve goes through sciatic foreman Obturator Superlor nerve gluteal nerve Femoral Inferior gluteal nerve nerve Sciatic nerve Muscles of l Lower Limbs 1 Thigh and Gluteal Region KNOW orientation from anterior medial lateral and posterior share blood supply and nerves ex hip and extend knee extend hip and ex knee cross joints move on opposite sides BLUE ANTERIOR GREEN POSTERIOR RED MEDIAL Illustrator Karl Wesker pp 462463 Schuenke et al THIEME Alias of Anatomy 0 General Anatomy and Musculoskeletal System 7 Th THIEME 2007 All rights reserved Usage subject to terms of use wwwmiemeicomftaa 1 Anterior Compartment of Thigh 5 muscles super cial a use when cross legged e posterior to these lt 4 Sartorius muscle Rectus femoris muscle Vastus medialus gt Vastus lateralis Quadriceps femoris tendon contain patella Blood of anterior compartment come from femoral artery some from lateral circum ex femoral artery all enervated by femoral nerve action of each muscle quads extend leg at knee Sartorius laterally rotate ex thigh abduct Rectus ex thigh Muscles of Anterior Compartment form 2 Medial Compartment of Thigh ALL OF THESE ARE POSTERIOR TO ANTERIOR COMPARTMENT Pectineus muscle Adductor Brevis Adductor Longus Gracilis


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