The Iliad Notes, Books 13-16
The Iliad Notes, Books 13-16 Classics 320
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Hannah James on Thursday September 24, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to Classics 320 at University of Wisconsin - Madison taught by Laura McClure in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 24 views. For similar materials see The Greeks in Classical Studies at University of Wisconsin - Madison.
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Date Created: 09/24/15
The Iliad Books 1316 Book 13 I Zeus happy with the war s progress takes his leave of the battlefield 0 Poseidon wanting to help the Greeks and realizing that Zeus has gone visits the Aj axes in the form of Calchas and gives them confidence to resist the Trojan assault I He helps all of the Greeks who have withdrawn to the sides of the ships 0 Their spirits restored the Achaeans again stand up to the Trojans and the two Aeantes the plural of Ajax prove successful in driving Hector back I When Hector throws his lance at Teucer Teucer dodges out of the way and the weapon pierces and kills Poseidon s grandson Amphimachus O Enraged Poseidon imbues Idomeneus with power I Idomeneus then joins Meriones in leading a charge against the Trojans I Idomeneus kills many soldiers but hopes to kill the warrior Deiphobus 0 Finding him on the battlefield he taunts the Trojan who summons Aeneas and other comrades to his assistance 0 In the long skirmish Deiphobus is wounded and Menelaus kills several Trojans 0 Meanwhile Hector continues his assault 0 The Trojans who accompany him being beaten by the Aeantes have lost their vigor I Some have retreated while those who remain fight from scattered positions I Polydamas persuades Hector to regroup his forces 0 Hector fetches Paris and tries to gather his comrades from the left end of the line only to find them all wounded or dead I Great Ajax insults Hector and an eagle appears on Ajax s right a favorable omen for the Achaeans Book 14 I Nestor leaves the wounded Machaon and goes to meet the other wounded commanders O The men scan the battlefield and realize the terrible extent of their losses 0 Agamemnon proposes giving up and setting sail for home 0 Odysseus berates and declares this notion cowardly and disgraceful I Diomedes urges them all to the line to rally their troops O Poseidon encourages Agamemnon and gives strength to the Greek army 0 Hera spots Zeus on Mount Ida and plans to distract him so that she may help the Greeks behind his back 0 She visits Aphrodite and tricks her into giving her an enchanted breastband with the powers of Love and Longing forceful enough to make any man go mad 0 She then visits the embodiment of Sleep and by promising him one of her daughters in marriage persuades him to lull Zeus to sleep 0 Sleep follows her to the peak of Mount Ida disguised as a bird he hides in a tree 0 Zeus sees Hera and the enchanted band seizes him with passion 0 He makes love to Hera and as planned soon falls asleep 0 Hera calls to Poseidon telling him that he now has free rein to steer the Greeks to victory 0 Poseidon regroups them and they charge the Trojans O In the ensuing scuf e Great Aj aX knocks Hector to the ground with a boulder and the Trojans must carry the hero back to Troy 0 With Hector gone the Greeks advance and many Trojans die as they ees back to the City Book 15 0 Zeus wakes and sees the havoc that Hera and Poseidon have wreaked while he slept O Hera tries to blame Poseidon but Zeus comforts her by saying that he has no personal interest in a Trojan victory over the Achaeans 0 He tells her that he will again come to their aid but that Troy is still fated to fall and that Hector will die after he kills Patroclus I He then asks Hera to summon Iris and Apollo I Iris goes to order Poseidon to leave the battlefield which Poseidon reluctantly agrees to do while Apollo seeks out Hector and fills him and his comrades with fresh strength 0 Hector leads a charge against the Achaeans and while they initially hold their ground they retreat in terror when Apollo himself enters the battle 0 Apollo covers over the trench in front of the Greeks allowing the Trojans to beat down the ramparts once again 0 The armies fight all the way to the ships and very nearly into the Greek camp 0 At the base of the ships furious hand to hand fighting breaks out 0 Great Aj ac and Hector fight again 0 The archer Teucer fells several Trojans but Zeus snaps his bowstring when he takes aim at Hector I Aj aX encourages his troops from the decks of the ships but Hector rallies the Trojans and they advance until Hector is close enough to touch a ship Book 16 0 Patroclus goes to Achilles tent and begs to be allowed to wear Achilles armor if Achilles refuses to fight himself 0 Achilles declines to fight but agrees to the exchange of armor with the understanding that Patroclus will fight only long enough to save the ships 0 As Patroclus arms himself the first ship goes up in ames O Achilles sends his Myrmidon soldiers who have not been fighting during their commander s absence out to accompany Patroclus 0 He then prays to Zeus that Patroclus may return with both himself and the ships unharmed O The poet reveals however that Zeus will grant only one of these prayers With the appearance of Achilles the battle quickly and the Trojans retreat 0 When Hector retreats the rest of the Trojans become trapped in the trenches Patroclus slaughters every Trojan he encounters O Zeus considers saving his son Sarpedon but Hera says that the other gods would either look down upon him for it or try to save their own mortal offspring in turn 0 Zeus resigns himself to Sarpedon s mortality Patroclus soon spears Sarpedon and both sides fight over his armor O Hector returns brie y to the front in an attempt to retrieve the armor Zeus decides to kill Patroclus for slaying Sarpedon but first he lets him rout the Trojans O Zeus then imbues Hector with a temporary cowardice and Hector leads the retreat Patroclus disobeying Achilles pursues the Trojans all the way to the gates of Troy 0 Homer explains that the city might have fallen had Apollo not intervened and driven Patroclus back from the gates Apollo persuades Hector to charge Patroclus but Patroclus kills Cebriones the driver of Hector s chariot O Trojans and Achaeans fight for Cebriones armor Apollo sneaks up behind Patroclus and wounds him and Hector easily finishes him off 0 Hector taunts the fallen man but with his dying words Patroclus foretells Hector s own death