Week 1 Notes: Intro to Sociology
Week 1 Notes: Intro to Sociology soc 201s
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Asif Khan on Thursday September 24, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to soc 201s at Old Dominion University taught by JONATHAN W LOPEZ in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 83 views. For similar materials see AN INTRODUCTION TO SOCIOLOGY in Sociology at Old Dominion University.
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Lectures notes?? Yes please! Looking forward to the next set!
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Date Created: 09/24/15
Chapter 4 Terms SocializationThe lifelong process through which people learn the attitudes values and behaviors appropriate for members of a particular culture SelfOur sense of who we are distinct from others and shaped by the unique combination of our social interactions LookingGlass SelfA theory that we become who we are based on how we think others see us IThe acting self that exists in relation to Me MeThe socialized self that plans actions and judges performances based on the standards we have learned from others Significant OtherAn individual who is most important in the development of the self such as a parent friend or teacher SymbolA gesture object or word that forms the basis of human communication Role TakingThe process of mentally assuming the perspective of another and responding from that imagined viewpoint Generalized OtherThe attitudes viewpoints and expectations of society as a whole that a child takes into account in his or her behavior Dramaturgical ApproachA view of social interaction in which people are seen as actors on a stage attempting to put on a successful performance Impression ManagementThe altering of the presentation of the self in order to create distinctive appearances and satisfy popular audiences FaceWorkThe efforts people make to maintain a proper image and avoid public embarrassment Cognitive Theory of DevelopmentThe theory that children s thought progresses through four stages of development Gender RoleExpectations regarding the proper behavior attitudes and activities of males and females Rite of PassageA ritual marking the symbolic transition from one social position to another Life Course ApproachA research orientation in which sociologists and other social scientists look closely at the social factors that influence people throughout their lives from birth to death Anticipatory SocializationProcesses of socialization in which a person quotrehearsesquot for future positions occupations and social relationships ResocializationThe process of discarding former behavior patterns and accepting new ones as part of a transition in one s life Total InstitutionAn institution that regulates all aspects of a person s life under a single authority such as a prison the military a mental hospital or a convent Degradation CeremonyAn aspect of the socialization process within some total institutions in which people are subjected to humiliating rituals Midlife CrisisA stressful period of selfevaluation that begins at about age 40 Sandwich GenerationThe generation of adults who simultaneously try to meet the competing needs of their parents and their children GerontologyThe study of the sociological and psychological aspects of aging and the problems of the aged Disengagement TheoryA theory of aging that suggests that society and the aging individual mutually sever many of their relationships Activity TheoryA theory of aging that suggests that those elderly people who remain active and socially involved will have an improved quality of life AgeismPrejudice and discrimination based on a person s age Hospice CareTreatment of the terminally ill in their own homes or in special hospital units or other facilities with the goal of helping them to die comfortably without pain