Chapter 3 - Can this be Published?
Chapter 3 - Can this be Published? G107
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This 6 page Class Notes was uploaded by KUMIKO Notetaker on Friday September 25, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to G107 at Republic Polytechnic taught by Walter Lim in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 75 views. For similar materials see Effective Communication in Social Science at Republic Polytechnic.
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Date Created: 09/25/15
ghapter 3 Can this Fact and Opinion be Published Fact Opinion A thing that is known or proved to be true A view or judgement formed about something not necessarily based on fact or knowledge Objective not in uenced by personal feeHngs Subjective in uenced by personal feelings or taste Factual information is universal the same the world over Differ from one individual to another Used in conjunction with research and study Found in many types of writing in a newspaper Practice Questions 1 1 Fact is something that can be checked and backed up with evidence a True b False 2 Opinion is based on a belief or view a True b False 2 Facts can make your persuasion more effective and your opinions more credible a True b False 2 Opinions must be supported by factual information all the times a True b False 2 Identify the following questions Fact Opinion Humans are mammals Stephen King is an author fDQ O39QJ pocket There are glaciers in Alaska 33 7V 3939TLQ Humans are the greatest species on earth Stephen King writes horrifying spinechilling stories jennifer Lawrence is a talented actress Galaxy S4 feels great in the hand and slips almost invisiny into a Walt Disney World is a family friendly theme park Spring is the most beautiful season of all 1 litre of water weighs 1 kilogram Every time you wash your car it always ends up raining Blue whales are the largest animals in the world Whales are superior to dolphins Hummingbirds are the only bird that can y backwards Ethical Issues in Communications 1 Plagiarism Using others39 ideas and words without clearly acknowledging the source of that information Lack of credit Types of plagiarism Exact copy plagiarism Partial copy plagiarism Paraphrase Not enough to count as an original expression of the idea by summarizing or simplifying the author39s ideas by rewriting with own words Unacceptable paraphrase replacing some words or changing the sentence order Acceptable paraphrase new way of expressing the idea Acceptable close paraphrase all cases of partial paraphrase such as direct quotation Common knowledge Cite if you wish to establish authority for the information 0 Not necessary to cite of you are merely trying to inform your reader of something that is common knowledge in a eld Information from the internet 0 Must give credit even though internet information is free and often appears to have no 39owner39 Informal and non xed sources 0 For examples a conversation or a telephone call letters email heard on the radio television or at a lecture or seen in a museum or art gallery 0 Even if it is not possible for someone to nd her or observe the original source you are still responsible for providing credit Selfplagiarism Refers to the use of your own work or a substantial portion of it in another course than the one for which it was originally written 0 No author 0 It is the source of idea words etc that receives the credit not an individual 0 Avoid 0 Note taking always include information about your source with the notes from the source or put quotation marks around Direct quotation Paraphrase must be credited Common knowledge Online source 1 Stereotypes Can be positive or negative Easily to create stereotypes when there is a clearly visible and consistent attribute that can easily be recognized For examples people pf colour police and women are so easily stereotyped Stereotyping goes way beyond race and gender 1 Misrepresentation A misrepresentation can occur intentionally or unintentionally Fraudulent misrepresentation To misstate a fact andor provide and give a false or misleading description of an idea situation or the opinions of someone often in order to obtain an advantage 0 Made knowingly or recklessly Innocent party to claim rescission of the contract andor damages and sue in the tort of deceit Negligent Innocent misrepresentation An inaccurate representation of a fact or opinion can be considered a misrepresentation even if it was made unintentionally Induces the other party to enter a contract 0 Does not involve fraud and so is easier to prove as the party making the statement is unable to show that heshe believed the statement to be true or held reasonable belief that it was true Innocent misrepresentation A false statement being made not in the honest albeit mistaken belief that it was true 0 The innocent party to claim rescission as the contract is voidabIe 1 Disclosure of Privacy The act of making something known publicity or to reveal something that was hidden To divulge a private and con dential fact or opinion about a person or organization Citation Need to cite when No need to cite when 0 Referring to someone 0 Using ideas opinions or else39s ideas opinions or theories theories that are genuinely original such as by paraphrasing with you 0 Copying exact words 0 Writing up your own 0 Reprinting or copying experiment results graphical elements such as diagram 0 lnClUding YOUF 0W illustrations maps charts or artwork or other original creation pictures 0 Recording anecdotes 39 USing ideas from Others about other people in which those given in conversation interviews people remain anonymous correspondence letter or email or 0 Using common heard during IECtures SpEEChes and knowledge according to accepted from media such as television and criteria radio 0 To identify the source of an idea speci c words or other material in order to acknowledge its contribution to your paper 0 Enable the reader to locate the original source 0 Provide the reader with a sense of the relevance and quality of the sources used 0 Citation of Internet style APA Author39s name last name rst and any middle initials Date of internet posting or revision Tite ofpage Title of complete work if applicable Retrieval statement Chicago Author39s name in normal order name of page date of internet posing or revision ltURLgt or other retrieval information date of access text division if applicable MLA Author or editor39s name last name rst Name of site Name of institutionorganization af liated with the site sponsor or publisher date of resource creation if available use nd of no publishing date given Medium of publication Date of access Citation in the Text One work by one author In one developmental study Smith 1990 children learned OR In the study by Smith 1990 children learned OR In 1990 Smith39s study of children Works by multiple authors First citation Masserton Slonowski and Slowinski 1989 state that Subsequent citations Masserton et al 1898 state that Works by no identi ed author drugs quotMedical Miracles quot 2009 Brochure Education Reform 2007 Two or more works in the same parenthetical citation Several studies Jones amp Powell 1993 Peterson 1995 1998 Smith 1990 suggest that Speci c parts of a source The painting was assumed to be by Matisse Powell 1989 Chapter 6 but later analysis showed it to be a forgery Murphy 1999 p 85 The patient wrote that she was unimpressed by the doctor39s bedside manner Smith 2006 Hospital Experiences section para 2 Citation in a Reference List Book Strunk W Jr amp White E B 1979 The guide to everything and then some more stu Chapter of a book Bergquist J M 1992 German Amricans In J D Buenker amp L A Ratner Eds Multiculturalism in the United States A comparative guide to acculturation and ethnicity pp 5376 New York NY Greenwood Journal article with DOI Paivio A 1975 Perceptual comparisons through the mind39s eye Memory amp Cognition 3 635647 doi 10103702786133242225 Journal article without DOI Becher L J amp Seligman C 1981 Welcome to the energy crisis journal of Social Issues 372 17 Ham A G 1981 The funny nature of dogs E journa oprpied Psychology 22 3848 Retrieved from http Online newspaper articles Becker E 2001 August 27 Prairie farmers reap conservation39s rewards The New York Times Retrieved from http Encyclopedia articles Brislin R W 1984 Crosscultural psychology In R J Corsini Ed Encyclopedia of psychology Vol 1 pp 319327 New York NY Wiley Developmental genetics 2005 In Cambridge encyclopedia ofchid development Retrieved from http Technical and research reports Hershey Foods Corporation 2001 March 15 2001 Annual Report Retrieved from http Book reviews DentRead C amp ZukowGoldring P 2001 Is modeling knowing Review of the book Models of cognitive development by K Richardson Americanourna ofPsychoogy 114 126133 Data sets Simmons Market Research Bureau 2000 Simmons national consumer survey Data le New York NY Author Blog post Lincoln D S 2009 January 23 The likeness and sameness of the ones in the middle Web log post Retrieved from http Website with no author or date of publication Census data revisited nd Retrieved March 9 2009 from Harvard Psychology of Population website http Reprint from another source Newton W 1999 Return to Mars In C Mari Ed Space Exploration pp 3241 New York NY HW Wilson Reprinted from National Geographic pp 226 August 1998 Ethical considerations 0 Respect Integrity Credibility Practice Questions 2 1 Identify the following questions by using the four ethical issues in communications a quot D Mr Walsh a retired colonel in the National Guard withdrew from this year39s election in August weeks after The New York Times reported that he has copied large portions of the paper he submitted as a requirement to graduate from the War College Terry in an interview with a reporter said that Sandy seems like a nice person The reporter published the interview and claimed that Terry was quotmadly in lovequot with Sandy Women are bad drivers as they hog traf c on the roads and can never park properly Felicia was involved in an online argument with Ben on social media Ina t of anger she searched for Ben39s personal particulars downloaded photographs of his family members and posted all of them on her blog Asians have high IQ They are smarter than most in Math and Science Company Z reported that their shares has dropped slightly by 023 The business news reported that Company Z quotwas undergoing a crisis and might soon go bankruptquot Jane thinks thatJon is cute and con ded in Kay about how she feels about him She wants Kay to keep it a secret However Kay divulged the information on Twitter h A pawnshop at Causeway Point distributed pamphlets suggesting that a local bank is closing down and urged everyone to withdraw their money from the bank i A blog contained a poem written by a famous author but with a new title No credits were given to the original author j Bruce thinks that since many chefs are men then all men must be good cooks 2 What are some actions that are considered as plagiarism What are some ways to prevent plagiarism 3 Cite the following resources in APA format a httpwwwstraitstimescomnewssingaporemoresingapore storiesstorvmoremarriaoesandbirthslastvear 20150216 b The book titled The Interpersonal Communication Book written by Joseph A Devito in 2014 and published by Essex Person Education Inc What could be the effects and implications of the stereotyping comments Consider your own FacebookTwitterother social media accounts What do they say about you 4 Which of the following is not an ethical consideration when writing an article a Respect avoid stereotyping statements and ensure that the privacy of others is not disclosed b Value acknowledge diversity and include all reader39s perspectives and beliefs c lntegrity ensure that information presented is accurate and original d Credibility cite from reputable and reliable sources UJN Learning Outcomes 1 Identify and de ne basic issues in communication ethics 2 Describe the difference between fact and opinion 3 Take appropriate remedial action upon identi cation of any of the ethical Issues Need answers Feel free to drop me an email 15043445 myrpedusg