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Week 5 Notes

by: Madeline Redding

Week 5 Notes BIO_SC 1010 - 01

Madeline Redding
Intro to biological sciences
Tracie Gibson

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About this Document

Includes notes on Robert Hooke, Cell theory, nucleic acids, Prokaryotes vs. eukaryotes and organelles within the eukaryotic cell
Intro to biological sciences
Tracie Gibson
Class Notes
25 ?




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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Madeline Redding on Friday September 25, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to BIO_SC 1010 - 01 at University of Missouri - Columbia taught by Tracie Gibson in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 48 views. For similar materials see Intro to biological sciences in Biological Sciences at University of Missouri - Columbia.


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Date Created: 09/25/15
Sickle Cell Disease Con39t o Inherited blood disorder 0 ONE single amino acid change leads to altered shape of the red blood cell 0 Results in poor oxygen delivery to tissues and organs 0 Life time organs can be damaged spleen lungs heart and kidneys Macromolecules Con39t Nucleic Acids o 2 types 0 DNA deoxyribonucleic acid 0 RNA ribonucleic acid 0 Smallest subunit nucleotides 0 Structure phosphate group connected to a sugar connected to a nitrogenous base Nucleotides form polymers DNA or RNA in the cell Phosphodiester Bond covalent bond 0 Function of DNA 0 Store genetic information Used to make proteins and pass info onto children Name Function Does it form a Monomer Structure of Covalent polymer Monomer Bond Carbohydrat Readily available energy Yes Monosaccharide See Notes Glycosidic e Lipids Long term energy storage No NA See Notes NA Proteins structure defense Yes Amino Acid See Notes Peptide molecules enzymes transport Nucleic Acid Stores and transmits Yes Nucleotide See Notes Phosphodiest genetic information er Robert Hooke Scientist credited with the discovery of cells Created the term quotcellquot Published Micrographa in 1665 Cell Theory Idea that all things are composed of cells Cells arise from previous cells 2 Types of Cells Prokaryotes 0 Simple 0 Ex bacteria Eukaryotes 0 Complex 0 Ex Animal cells plant cells protists fungi Similarities between prokaryotes and eukaryotes 0 Use a common genetic language DNA 0 Ribosomes 0 Plasma membrane 0 Cytoplasm Prokaryotes Eukaryotes Probefore ka ryon kernel Eu true karyon kernel No nucleus nucleoid region Nucleus DNA is quotnakedquot not associated with any type DNA is quotclothedquot DNA is associated with of protein proteins No membrane bound organelles Membranebound organelles Euka ryotes Plasma membrane acts as a selective barrier Nucleus stores and transmits DNA Endoplasmic Reticulum produce proteins and lipids 0 One part called rough one part called smooth Golgi Apparatus sort modify and ship lipids and proteins Mitochondria makes ATP power house of the cell Lysosome degrades misfoldedmisshaped proteins and molecules 0 quotgarbage disposal of the cellquot Cytoskeleton gives the cell its shape o Involved in intracellular transport Cytoplasm the space between the nucleus and the plasma membrane 0 quotcell soupquot When you look at eukaryotes there is a difference between animal and plant cells 0 Only in plant cells 0 Chloroplasts 0 Cell wall 0 Large Vacuole


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