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HDFS Notes

by: Summer Boone

HDFS Notes HDFS 2100

Summer Boone
GPA 4.0

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Notes for 3/17/16
Development within the Family
Dr. Chalandra M. Bryant
Class Notes
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Summer Boone on Thursday March 17, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HDFS 2100 at University of Georgia taught by Dr. Chalandra M. Bryant in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 17 views. For similar materials see Development within the Family in HDFS at University of Georgia.

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Date Created: 03/17/16
HDFS 3/17/2016 Child Abuse  Author: Christina Rodriguez  Univ. of Alabama Birmingham, Psychology Ph. D  Research Interests: Parent risk & child abuse  Child Abuse & Neglect: Facts  2012: 3.4 million referrals made to local child protective services of children being abused/neglected  686,000 children victims of maltreatment  18% victims of physical abuse  30% of victims younger than 3 years old  80% perpetrators were parents  Physical Abuse vs. Physical Discipline  Physical abuse: non-accidental injury to child (intent)  Commonly occurs when parents unintentionally escalate physical discipline  Physical discipline: use of physical force w/ intention of causing child to experience pain, but not injury, for the purpose of correction or control of the child’s behavior  Studying Abusive Parent-Child Aggression  Confirmed perpetration represents restricted component of parent- child aggression  Maltreatment may be unreported or undetected to CPS  Parents identified by CPS likely represent a selective, atypical fraction of those engaging in abusive parent-child aggression  Approaches to Studying Parent-Child Aggression  Examining beliefs & characteristics that may predict a parent’s risk to physically mistreating a child  Child Abuse Potential Inventory (CAPI): measures interpersonal & intrapersonal difficulties & attitudes toward children that may indicate child abuse potential  Though widely used, does not explicitly measure information regarding actual discipline practices or maltreatment behaviors  Another approach is to examine actual behaviors  Parent-Child Conflict Tactics Sale (CTSPC): determines frequency of actual behaviors implemented during parent- child conflict  Little research conducted evaluating the association between these two approaches  Parenting Styles and Parent-Child Aggression  Baumrind conceptualized 3 broad styles of parenting  Authoritarian, Authoritative, and Permissive  Child abuse is potentially positively associated with coercive parenting approaches and negatively associated with sensitive & consistent parenting  Conceptually, Authoritarian parenting would be expected to be related to child abuse risk  Current Study  Purpose: to evaluate whether child abuse potential, parent-child discipline and abuse, ad dysfunctional parenting styles are correlated  Parents engaging in parent-child aggression indicative of child maltreatment were expected to demonstrate greater child abuse potential and more dysfunctional parenting styles  Examined over 3 studies  Methods for Current Study  Child Abuse Potential Inventory  Abuse scale: distress, rigidity, unhappiness, problems w/ child & self, problems w/ family, problems w/ others  Parent-Child Conflict Tactic Scale  Physical Assault Subscale: spanking, slapping, pinching, beating, etc.  Parenting Scale  Overreactivity and laxness  Participants of Current Study  Study 1  327 parents of children younger than age 12  Majority female, married, white, w/ at least some college experience or a college degree  Study 2  115 parents of children between ages 7-12  Mothers & fathers recruited  Majority of parents lived w/ a partner & had average of 3 children  Study 3  74 mothers of children aged 7-12 w/ diagnosed eternalizing behavior problems  Maltreatment Across Studies  Those in maltreatment groups scored higher on CAPI and Parenting Style Scores  In Study 2 20% wee in maltreatment group & scored higher on CAPI & Overreactivity Scores  In study 3, lower percentage of parents falling into maltreatment group  What Does the Study Tell Us?  There are associations between parenting style, child abuse potential, and physical aggression  These factors do NOT cause abuse however (correlation not causation)  Differs by situation


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