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ENG 2320 Wordsworth

by: Marissa

ENG 2320 Wordsworth 2320

Texas State
GPA 3.3
British Literature 1785 +
Susan Tilka

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Notes discussing William Wordsworth and his literary works
British Literature 1785 +
Susan Tilka
Class Notes
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Marissa on Friday September 25, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to 2320 at Texas State University taught by Susan Tilka in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 19 views. For similar materials see British Literature 1785 + in Foreign Language at Texas State University.

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Date Created: 09/25/15
ENG 2320 William Wordsworth England in conflict with France Napoleon o Unemployment Industrial Revolution people are hungry o Workingclass soldiers are suffering Reform Bill 1832 0 Turn towards democracy young people stop slavery extend voting rights New queen Victoria age 18 Methodist social gospel helping the poor and workingclass new kind of dissenter A central issue is the significance the Romantic generation attached to the imagination Indeed the transformation of life through the subiective imagination can be regarded as the central concept in Romanticism The mind of the writer has become the focus and the center If at one point in history God was at the center of everything by the time we arrive at the Romantics God has been displaced sufficiently to establish the individual mind the organizing center of life 0 Artists bring a personal view through their imagination At Cambridge University during 18th 19th century 0 Wants to be a poet but Isaac Newton is popular and liberal arts is marginalized People have no relationship with nature man is separated has lost his spirituality 0 People are suffering from living in an impersonal artificial world Natural world is source of spirituality people s role is to reconnect don t overcome nature enjoy it Men are living on earth separate from God see the patterns and meaning in nature it will teach you what s good quotFor this is the peculiar glory of Wordsworth s poetryits consolatory and healing power its communication of the joy that is to be found in Nature both in its presence and in its recollection F E Halliday Wordsworth is a link between 18th century and 19th century more emotional than typical 18th century person Revolutionary way of thinking knowledge comes from experience Not a love poet writes about himself upper middle class 0 Writes about unique and private experiences 0 He will tell you his experiences and the truths of his life 8 years old when his mother dies is sent to school Age 14 his father dies at 14 boys finish primary school then go to university until 18 0 Didn t get his inheritance until early 20s uncles sent him money for school Doesn t like school and doesn t take his exams instead he goes hiking in France what college boys did In France he has an affair with Annette Vallone has a baby girl then forced to return to England Has an emotional crisis moves to the lake district where he lives with his sister Dorothy His neighbor is his best friend from college Coleridge Coleridge and Wordsworth publish what art and poetry should be Becomes rich gets a mansion gives a settlement to Annette gets married to childhood friend and has 5 kids 2 of his brothers die 2 of his children die his sister gets a mental illness Wealth makes him more conservative religious betrays his youthful idealism 1843 Queen Victoria makes him poet laureate of England 1850 publishes Prelude a long poem about who he is and where he comes from 1850s Victorian era he is seen as a great nature poet moral philosopher o Writes about childhood how to find happiness 20th century his reputation changes he is seen as a visionary writes about human behavior quotpoetry is emotion recollected in tranquility 0 New view of art that he writes about in lyrical ballads Age 26 publishes Lyrical Ballads with Coleridge in 1798 a preface to a new kind of art with the money he gets he hikes Germany Publishes preface to the 2quot l edition of Lyrical Ballads in 1800 principles of art quota revolutionary manifesto about the nature of poetry He has a falling out with Coleridge 3rel edition defines a poet No hierarchy of art all poems are art Poetry exists for pleasure a spontaneous overflow of positive feelings Truth is subjective truth is what you think is true Poetry comes from people with superior sensitivity He takes the principles of democracy and applies them to art Romantic movement appears in different ways around the world 0 England art poetry creativity 0 Germany philosophy Kant music Beethoven 0 America transcendental movement Thoreau 0 France politics freedom democracy Wordsworth s 3 ideas 0 Organicism nature is not a mechanical phenomenon it is a living being Nature is the source of beauty Truth is formed in your childhood experiences in the natural world 0 Imagination creates inner life it is the organizational principle of your identity a type of intelligence 0 Joy should define your existence Joyful moments are divine If you don t have joy remember being a child Simon Lee Descriptive narrative about an old man named Simon Lee trying to get a tree stump out of the ground Wordsworth helps the man the man is unbelievably grateful Takes an ordinary person and makes him a fit subject for poetry Memory of experience the emotion he expresses is gratitude Wordsworth is impressed by the old man s humble and generous virtue Visuals of the poem appeal to the 5 senses Simon Lee was once a professional hunter loves his dogs was an active person not a farmer in his youth 0 Wordsworth imagining Simon Lee as a young man He and his wife are too old to work in their garden his wife is in better shape than him 0 Too old to work yet they work each day Addresses reader directly pulling you in will tell you his point something you need to know There is nothing like the virtue of gratitude incorporating the ideas of new Romanticism We Are Seven About children and how they are different than adults they re innocent Wordsworth has a shocked emotion He is a rational adult says you can t play with the dead 0 Little girl insists she does in her imagination she still has 6 siblings Encourage imagination in children we don t know if they understand death New view of children as sensual beings Little girl has pale blue eyes blonde hair beautiful kids make people smile Romantics like physical beauty Rationality vs innocence adults don t have an imagination Tintern Abbey ruined Cistercian Abbey located in the Wye River Valley where Wordsworth grew up He was depressed after his visit to France so his sister Dorothy takes him home 0 They visit the Wye Valley in July 1798 0 Poem about memory how nature is healing remembering his childhood 0 Compares his earlier experience 1793 with his present one 1798 0 Looking at the landscape and remembering this place makes him feel better gives him a blessed mood 0 Poem inspired by the wooded hills that rise above the Abbey 0 Remembering childhood gives nostalgia remembering himself as a young boy running like a deer 0 Life will subdue you adults have to behave but nature comforts the mind 0 Nature is the guardian of his moral being look at nature to show you how to be a better person 0 Natural world teaches you everything you need to know beauty goodness right 0 Concludes with a prayer to Dorothy prays to nature he hopes she can remember him and be happy when she is old 0 Structure of poem 0 122 evokes the present scene of the Wye River Valley 0 2257 explains how between 1793 first visit and the present 1798 his recollections of the Wye Valley have been a source of renewal 0 58111 discusses his developing relationship with nature childhood youth adulthood 0 112159 looks toward future direct address to Dorothy ends with prayer 0 Lines is a quotnature poem natural scene used as an occasion for personal reflection 0 Lines is a quotconversation poem relatively informal language and tone 0 An example of quotblank verse unrhymed iambic pentameter Ode Intimations of Immortality o NeoPlatonic notion of the preexistence of the soul 0 Childhood as a nearly divine state 0 quotIntimationsquot of our immortal nature 0 Restorative powers of nature 0 quotthe philosophic mind 0 Definition of ode o A long lyric poem that is I Serious in subject I Elevated in style I Elaborate in its stanzaic structure 0 Plato believed that people should strive for perfection view became popular with the beginnings of Christianity 0 Aristotle s view replace Plato in 18th century common sense no extremes do the best you can with what you have now 0 NeoPlatonists bring back Plato and the idea of perfection seen in the work of artists social workers people with idealistic views 0 Wordsworth likes Plato s ideas 0 Kids are happy because they remember their celestial life the longer you live the farther you get from it so adults aren t happy 0 Compensate for happiness by trying to remember listen to children play smell the flowers 0 We used to be immortal and will be again Wordsworth thinks about his childhood when he knew more 0 The child is the father of the man child knows everything they have a wisdom that adults don t 0 Children love the sunlight adults don t 0 Adults don t see the wonder of the world don t revel in it like children 0 Adults have an intimation that something is gone from their life which makes them sad o Wordsworth hears children playing and it makes him sad then he is suddenly relieved he can see how beautiful the world is 0 Interested in personal emotions he can feel the children s cheerful emotion as they play 0 Adults always ask quotWhere is the joy quotRemember when I had dreams wondering what happened to their joyful past 0 People are asleep when they are born they forget their perfect life in heaven 0 School is a prison for kids looking out the window at the sunlight gives them joy 0 By the time they are working everything fades light is not important 0 The earth has lots of pleasures for adults but they are too busy to notice 0 Children learn to be adults by imitating them they start to forget where they came from 0 Children get knowledge from observing 0 Many people are lost and have no answers 0 There is an immense soul within the body an inner life parallel being Wordsworth reminds people of this 0 He doesn t understand why children practice being adults being an adult kills you 0 Remembering his childhood brings him blessings he can question reality and authority as an adult he has a philosophical mind 0 Nothing can stop your imagination or your effort to be joyful 0 Adults are far from heaven but they can remember perfection their memories help them travel to the past and heal them 0 We will not grieve help each other find comfort in life sympathy o Wordsworth is positive hopeful believes people are born good 0 The tiniest flower can remind him that life is good I wandered lonely as a cloud 0 When tranquil and calm he remembers a time when he was wandering around and saw a row of daffodils along the river 0 Recollected in tranquility the flowers made him happy they were more beautiful than the waves on the water 0 Pathetic fallacy daffodils are like humans dancing in the breeze The world is too much with us 0 England is a capitalist nation people work to spend money 0 Cycle of the modern world Wordsworth rejects this 0 People wasting their time wasting their powers imagination they don t connect with nature 0 People are out of tune nature doesn t move them 0 He would rather live in the Greek world they had imagination and turned it into myth Composed upon Westminster Bridge 0 Wordsworth is at a bridge in London looking upon urban life 0 Humans create cities so he is apprehensive about the beauty of cities 0 But realizes nothing is more beautiful than the city 0 London is asleep it gives him a deep calm 0 As the city wakes up it explodes with life 0 Nature embraces its offspring humans who also create art and beauty this gives him hope 0 Nature endorses man s creativity imagination these new human inventions are sublime


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