9/21-9/25 notes for psychopathology!
9/21-9/25 notes for psychopathology! Psy 247
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Savannah Wagner Belk
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Savannah Wagner Belk on Friday September 25, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to Psy 247 at University of North Carolina - Wilmington taught by Dr. Clemens in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 44 views. For similar materials see Abnormal Psychology in Psychlogy at University of North Carolina - Wilmington.
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Date Created: 09/25/15
Psychopathology 921925 notes Ch 6 Causes of speci c phobias Extensions of the 2 factor modelSchachter amp Singer39s theory on emotional arousal being paired with physical arousal identify and label emotion caused by arousal Modeling Ex seeing another person harmed by the stimulus Verbal instruction Ex parent warning child about a danger those with anxiety develop fears easier Risk factors Genetics ex social phobias are more heritable nature vs nurture neurobiological fear circuit overactivity problems with amygdala function Personality Behavior inhibition Neuroticismlinked to anxiety and depression Cognitive Sustained negative outlook on an event and think bad things will happen belief that you have no control over your environment and thoughts more vulnerable to anxiety disorders attention to threat and tend to notice negative environment cues Panic Disorder Behavioral factors interfere with socialoccupational functioning for at least 6 mos panic attacksfeel like a heart attack going crazy but not nesseccarily panic disorder if it is cued the person will avoid that stimulus operant conditioning people with panic disorder usually avoid going places out of worry and fear Agoraphobiafear of being somewhere in public and having a panic attack but not being able to get help Treatmentsystematic desensitization breathing control introspective feedbackawareness of internal body functions classical conditioning people with anxiety disorder have higher awareness of this treatment for anxiety disorderexposure plus response preventioninducing and preventing negative response Generalized Anxiety Disorder Excessive worry that interferes with social and occupational functioning treatmentexposure plus response prevention systematic desensitization cognitive approaches exercise 0CD Obsessive Compulsive Disorder obsessions recurrent persistent intrusive unwanted thoughts urges or images person tries to suppress compulsionrepetitive behaviorthoughts that the person feels compelled to preform to prevent distress or a dreaded event time consuming at least an hour a day and causes clinical distress develops before age 10 or late adolescence more common in women treatmentSSRI Body Dysmorphic disorder preoccupied with an imagined or exaggerated defect in appearance think theyre ugly or monstrous body parts of focus differ by culture more common in women engage in compulsive behaviors speci c to their appearance and often get surgery shame anxiety depression Hoarding Disorder dif culty discarding possessions regardless of actual value distress associated with discarding more common in elderly some have animal hoarding disorder 33 66 unaware of severity Prevalence of Anxiety Disorders Lifetime2 0CD 2 Body dysmorphia 15 hoarding Post Traumatic Stress Disorder extreme response to severe stressor associated with trauma at least 6 months after event for more than a month ex war rape natural disaster leads to intense fear helplessness 4 categories of symptoms reexperiencing ex nightmares 2 Avoidance of stimuli moodcognitive changes ex memory loss increased arousal and reactivity ex insomnia high risk suicide and substance abuse DUINF Treatment medications SSRI but not useful without exposure gradual to memories and cognitive therapy Mood Disorders 2 types involves only depressive symptoms and manic symptoms bipolar disorders DSM 5 depressive disorders major depressive persistent depressive disorders premenstrual dysmorphic disorder disruptive mood dysregulation disorder DSM 5 bipolar bipolar 1 and 2 cyclothymia Major depressive disorder critera symptoms present almost every day for two weeks distinct more severe sad mood or loss of interestpleasure hypohypersomnia decreased energysex drive 4 categories Vegetative Cognitive Motivational Emotional Mania hyper motivation hyper insomnia cant sleep increased sex drive and energy symptoms persist for two weeks but are episodic and recurrent subclinical depressionsadness plus 3 other symptoms of depression for 10 days