Soc notes 3/2-3/16
Soc notes 3/2-3/16 Sociology 20213
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SOC 101 Whitaker - Intro to Sociology
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Mallory Notetaker on Thursday March 17, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Sociology 20213 at Texas Christian University taught by Dr. Hampton in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 39 views. For similar materials see Introductory Sociology in Sociology at Texas Christian University.
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Date Created: 03/17/16
3/14/16 How does tracking reproduce social inequality in our society? -increases social stratiﬁcation b/c in large part, a students socioeconomic level determines their track -students in working class background are more likely to be placed in vocational tracks -tracking serves to reproduce social class hierarchy -placements tend to be stable -students in a higher achievement group are taught more, at a faster pace Development of Student Cultures -students within each track develop “student cultures” -students enforce among themselves normal that support their track Key Conclusions about Tracking -Those who are against tracking argue that tracking results int he following: -a lack of equity -a violation of democratic values -it produces low self-conceptions of learning ability -it causes a devaluing of self by those place din the lower tracks Equality: sameness Equity: fairness -Many argue that tracking programs based on presumed ability result in two unfortunate consequences: 1. more academic failure 2. heightened racial and social class animosity The Relationship between schools and Socialization -How do schools “train” or socialize student for the future roles they expect them to occupy in society? -empirical study on elementary schools based on the parents backgrounds 1. working class schools- children were taught to follow procedures -usually mechanical, role behavior 2. Middle-class schools - the focus was on how to get the right answer 3. “afﬂuent professional” school - the emphasis is on the independent creative activity which students express and apply ideas In public schools: (working class and poor kids) are subtly about their place in society For the Exam -Make sure you know: -explain how the education system places an important role in reproducing and perpetuating the US class system. -Explain the impact of “tracking “ on education outcomes -Explain to wha degree tracking is a discriminatory practice? -in other words, how is an initial track placement as well as learning outcomes inﬂuences by the following: a students gender, race, ethnicity, and social class? 3/16/16 Chapter six: supporting identity and the presentation of self The central theme of this chapter is about how we form impressions of others, how we manage the impressions others form of us, and how we respond to mismanaged impressions or what we call “spoiled identities” Discussion Question -When you meet someone for the ﬁrst time, what kinds of things do you notice about a person? -Be honest. What are the ﬁrst things you take notice of? Impression formation -So, when we ﬁrst meet someone we form an immediate impression based on cues such as age, ascribed status characteristics like race and sex -We also take notes of physical appearance, and verbal and nonverbal expressions. -This process of impression formation allows us to form an initial impression of someone’s identity Impression management -the process by which people attempt to present a favorable public image of themselves. -Erving Goffman 1959 is the sociologist most responsible for the scholarly examination of impression management -The primary goal of impression management is to project a particular identity that will increase the likelihood of obtaining favorable outcomes from others in particular social situations. -To do so, we can strategically furnish or conceal information. We may need to advertise, exaggerate, or even fabricate our positive qualities, or conceal attributes we believe others will ﬁnd unappealing. Dramaturgy: Actors on a social Stage Example: the audience consists of people who observe the behavior of others - roles are the images people are trying to project, and the script is the content of their communication with others Front Stage and Back Stage -In social interaction, front stage is where people maintain the appropriate appearance as they interact with others. (for ex: in a restaurant, front stage is the dining room where the customers (audience) are present. Here servers (the actors) are expected to present themselves as upbeat, happy, and courteous -At the theater, the barrier between the front and back stage is crucial to successful impression management because it blocks the audience from seeing behavior that would ruin the performance Props -Successful impression management also depends not he control of objects, called props, that convey identity -For instance, college students may make sure their schoolbooks are in clear view and beer bottles disposed of as they prepare for parents to visit