New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

Week 5 of Philosophy

by: William Bartek

Week 5 of Philosophy PHIL 1000 - 01

William Bartek
General Introduction to Philosophy
Matthew McGrath

Almost Ready


These notes were just uploaded, and will be ready to view shortly.

Purchase these notes here, or revisit this page.

Either way, we'll remind you when they're ready :)

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

This is week 5 of notes in Philosophy 1000 covering Sharon Street's arguments on genealogy and human evaluative beliefs
General Introduction to Philosophy
Matthew McGrath
Class Notes
25 ?




Popular in General Introduction to Philosophy

Popular in PHIL-Philosophy

This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by William Bartek on Friday September 25, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to PHIL 1000 - 01 at University of Missouri - Columbia taught by Matthew McGrath in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 15 views. For similar materials see General Introduction to Philosophy in PHIL-Philosophy at University of Missouri - Columbia.


Reviews for Week 5 of Philosophy


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 09/25/15
Philosophy 1000 Sharon Street Basic Conditions for Evolution o Inheritance many traits can be passed on 0 Genetic variation variation in traits due to mutation and recombination 0 Reproductive Advantage Some traits better enable an organism to survive 0 When these conditions are obtained populations change over time Those better equipped will live those who aren t will die 0 This change is called evolution 0 The process during this is called natural selection There are adaptive explanations of the existence of a trait o Traits with adaptive explanations are called adaptors Street s Plan 0 Nothing matters independent of us thinking they matter 0 She appeals to evolution that values are not minddependent 0 She believes you should give up your belief if you know it comes from somewhere illegitimate o Undermining Genealogies provide no reason to think a belief is true 0 Hayes Example I Suppose you know that Hayes was the 20th President of the United States Then your friend laughs at you and tells you that s what the hypnotist told you to believe last night Due to finding out the illegitimate nature of your belief you lose confidence in it o Vindicating Genealogies provide reason to think a belief is true 0 Suspicious Man Example I A stranger comes up and asks for directions and you get the feeling he s up to no good Later you remember you saw that man on an episode of America s Most Wanted You are then reaffirmed in your suspicions and more confident in your belief Street s Master Principle 0 Does learning the genealogy of a belief give you a good reason to think your belief is true 0 If it does it s Vindicating o If it doesn t and there s no other supporting info the genealogy is undermining Most Basic Evaluative Beliefs If an action would promote one s survival health or help a child then those are reasons to perform the action o If some act altruistically that s a reason to praise them We have good reason to think these beliefs are adaptations First we must ask what these beliefs are about 0 Are they about a kind of mindindependent value I Mindindependent A fact that is valuable independent of our beliefs 0 Or are they a minddependent value I Minddependent A fact where it s ultimately our beliefs that make the thing valuable To apply Street s master principle we must plug in value Suppose value is mindindependent 0 Then she thinks we have an undermining genealogy for our basic evaluative beliefs 0 We have a tendency to form beliefs about objects around us which are adaptations I They re adaptations because they re true and preserve our survival 0 Ex We see a giant hole We assume it s a deep hole and we must avoid it to preserve our life 0 Does the truth of a belief matter to whether or not it s an adaptation or is it that my belief moves the will to produce action that leads to reproductive advantage If value is minddependent however there s no problem according to Street Street s Argument A Broad Outline 1 Suppose values are mindindependent Then the accuracy of our basic evaluative beliefs is irrelevant to their genealogy That means that learning about their genealogy doesn t give one a reason to think beliefs are accurate That means these beliefs are undermining genealogies So if values are mindindependent we should doubt our values after learning their evolutionary genealogy We shouldn t stop believing our values Therefore our values are minddependent


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

25 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Steve Martinelli UC Los Angeles

"There's no way I would have passed my Organic Chemistry class this semester without the notes and study guides I got from StudySoup."

Anthony Lee UC Santa Barbara

"I bought an awesome study guide, which helped me get an A in my Math 34B class this quarter!"

Bentley McCaw University of Florida

"I was shooting for a perfect 4.0 GPA this semester. Having StudySoup as a study aid was critical to helping me achieve my goal...and I nailed it!"


"Their 'Elite Notetakers' are making over $1,200/month in sales by creating high quality content that helps their classmates in a time of need."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.