Week 5 Notes
Week 5 Notes PY 370
Popular in History and Systems
Popular in Psychlogy
This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Jordana Baraad on Friday September 25, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to PY 370 at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa taught by Dr. Steele in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 77 views. For similar materials see History and Systems in Psychlogy at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa.
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Date Created: 09/25/15
Psychology and Society 1900s in US William Jones quotfather of American psychology Wealthy NY upbringing very intelligent European travels 9 interest in psychological research Became Psych professor at Harvard Wrote Principles of Psychology Took 12 years Looking at function not structure of mind Facilitated decline of structuralism Founder of functionalism study of functioning of the mind adaptive to each situation 2quot l school of psychological thought Gave James his historical renown Coined phrase quotstream of consciousness as opposed to rigid components like structuralism House example Individual bricks structuralism concept of shelter functionalism At odds with Titchener and Wundt Francis Galton Heredity human behavior is genetic Not much to be done about mental illness Proponent of eugenics selective breeding to develop perfect society Sterilization process often forcibly or without informed consent Often occurred in mental institutions Led to major lawsuit Carrie Buck 1st woman forcibly sterilized after rape 9 baby out of wedlock Supreme Court decision in favor of Buck s sterilization Often discriminatory overrepresentation of females especially African Americans Subjective criteria eg mild autism ADHD promiscuity etc Legally enforced in 33 states over 65000 sterilized Backlash 9 very damaged reputation of psychology psychologists New Fields in Psych Promoted in large part to repairing public relations postEugenics 2 major new additions 1 Mentalabilities 2 Industrial psychology Alfred Binet One of the first to study intelligence Mental age comparison of mental capacity to average for that age v chronological age child testing to classify led to increase in gifted programs 3 classifications gifted average or retarded Problems with testing Goals Why test Who administers Parents Teachers Reliability validity Wanted to reverse debt to society from eugenics create positive contribution Industrial Revolution Lots of work rise in trade jobs and new businesses Work very important to average American 40 hr wk on average Rise of IndustrialOrganizational lO Psychology psychology of the workplace Working relations job training Fatigue Motivation Leadership Vocational guidance ie career aptitude assessment Gets popular Psychology and the Courts Regulation of products Pure Food and Drug Act Coca Cola Studies use of psych study in legal proceeding Belief that caffeine habitforming drug Controversy that Coke was using in products esp bc kids drank it Henry Hollingsworth tested effects of Coke Wellcompensated by Coke to conduct study Doubleblind design impressive new research tactic Finding caffeine didn t cause harmful side effects Coke saved from shutdown Women in Psychology Generally had limited barred influence akin to other sciences Few exceptions Mary Calkins Worked w William James Male Harvard students protested her presence in the classroom 1on1 tutoring sessions w James Denied PhD despite completing necessary coursework 1St woman t create research lab Margaret Floy Washburn Worked w Titchener 1st woman to earn PhD
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