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Sept 21-25

by: Haileyaliamus

Sept 21-25 History 105 Fry- Roots of Contemporary Issues

GPA 3.1
History 105

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About this Document

These are the notes from this weeks in-class lectures. :)
History 105
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This 6 page Class Notes was uploaded by Haileyaliamus on Friday September 25, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to History 105 Fry- Roots of Contemporary Issues at Washington State University taught by Faunce in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 20 views. For similar materials see History 105 in History at Washington State University.


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Date Created: 09/25/15
Sept 21 25 Monday September 21 2015 7 1114 AM I Opium Monday September 212015 Growing British demand for tea British traders resorted to trade opium as a high value commodity Trade in opium was standardized Production of balls of raw opium 11 to 15 kilograms shipped in chests of 60 19th century Chinese emigrants to San Francisco London and New York Among white Europeans opium was more frequently consumed as laudanum medicines Chests of opium were sold in auctions in Calcutta then smuggled it into China 1735200 chests per year 17961000 a year 18204000 a year 185030000 chests a year The illegal sell of opium into China became one of the world39s most valuable s trades Evergrowing number of addicts People won39t buy it if they don39t want it In 1838 the Chinese Commissioner destroyed 20000 chests of opium in Cantlt A chest of opium was worth nearly 1000 in 1800 today 19000 China seized British merchants First Opium War 18391842 China lost and agreed to open ve ports to British limit Tariffs grant rights to China must pay cost of war weakens Chinese government Second Opium War 18561860 China was forced to legalize Opium and began massive domestic production Importation of opium peaked in 1879 at 6700 tons By 1906 China was producing 85 of world39s opium some 35000 tons a year What percentage of the adult male population regularly used opium A 65 kilograms or patent ingle commodity 3n British in China I 10 Contin ued Wednesday September 2 1805 Fredrick William Serturner isolated the morphine alkaloid from opium He named the white crystalline substance after Morpheus God of sleep and dreams 1821 Thomas Morson begins commercial manufacture of morphine German pharmaceutical manufacturer E Merck commenced production 18605 Drs Weed and Hunter popularized the use of syringe The use of hypodermic morphine spreads Regarded as a wonder drug and use in variety of contexts 1874 Diacetylmorphine heroin was synthesized by CR Alder Wright Heroin was promoted as a non addictive morphine substitute and cough suppressant Bayer marketed the drug as a cure for morphine addiction 1890 US congress imposes tax on opium and morphine William Randold Hearst published stories about white women being seduced by Chin opium American law prohibited Chinese from smoking opium in the presence of a white ma Dispensed to women with quotfemale problemsquot to relieve menstrual pain Between 150000 and 200000 opiate addicts lived in the US in the late 19th century Between 23 and 34 of these addicts were women Cocaine 1855 Fredrick Gaedcke isolated the cocaine alkaloid In 1859 Albert Niemann improved purification process Niemann named it the alkaloid quotcocainequot In 1859 Paolo Mantegazze declared coca and cocaine useful medically Treatment of a quotfurred tonguequot in the morning flatulence and whitening of teeth 1863 Angelo Mariani chemist Started marketing Vin Mariania a concaroine 1879 Cocaine began to be used to treat morphine addiction Cocaine was introduced into clinical use as a local anesthetic in Germany 1884 Sigmund Freud published Uber Coca 1885 ParkeDavis sold cocaine in Ilnjectable solution powder and cigarettes Continuedquot Friday September 25 20 CocaCola was named because it contained coca leaves TRUE Al 23 2015 ese men and their 3915 quotquot 39 39I In 1886 a quotpinch of coca leavesquot was included in John Styth Pemberton39s Coca By the late Victorian era cocaine use had appeared as a vice in literature Injected by Sherlock Holmes Makes you think faster quotbetter detectivequot Prohibition of Drugs 1875 San Francisco Opium Den Ordinance banned dens for public smoking of Opium Exclusion Act of 1909 prohibits importation of opium By 1914 estimated US citizen addiction rate I 1 in 400 Between twothirds and threequarters of these addicts were women Harrison Narcotics Tax Act of 1914 placed a tax on the distribution of opiates April 1 1917 end opium sale and production in China In 1924 How many nations had limited productions and importation I 62 nations D By 1903 cocaine consumption had grown to about 5 times more than it was ir Cocaine became popular amongst workers in factories textile mills and on rail Fears of corruption of the youth by cocaine 1900 state legislatures in Alabama Georgia and Tennessee thought about pu39 cocaine bills PCOki ophun 11890 Woads tting in place anti


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