Lecture Notes PSC 1001
Popular in Introduction to Comparative Politics
verified elite notetaker
Popular in Political Science
This 10 page Class Notes was uploaded by Clara Notetaker on Friday September 25, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to PSC 1001 at George Washington University taught by Mitchell, C in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 20 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Comparative Politics in Political Science at George Washington University.
Reviews for Lecture Notes
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!
Date Created: 09/25/15
Democratic Institutions 1 Key Terms A parliamentary system 1 2 3 fusion of executive and legislature legislature directly elected legislature elects prime minister a PM a member of parliament no fixed terms a elections must be called atleast every 5 years b PM serves until Parliament removes role of Prime Minister a selected as head of party or coalition that has majority in parliament b PM selects ministers who together form govt 1 draft legislation and implement policy c PM and govt serve until Parliament remove l partycoalition lose majority 2 PM suffers vote of no confidence 3 Margaret Thatcher tried to socialize security Role of Parliament a most power with PM and ministers b 1 few checks on govt power backbenchers vote party line 1 party discipline rewarded w ministry opposition reduced to critiquing policy 1 shadow cabinet ready to take power can remove PM without new election can call new elections 7 Head of State in Parl System B presidential system 1 separation of Executive and Legislature 953 J 21 13 executive and legislature elected independently neither subordinate to other all have fixed terms Roles in presidential system functions of president 1 unifying national leader 2 sets national agenda a manages foreign policy b veto authority over legislature 3 with cabinet executes policy functions of legislature 1 drafts legislation 2 oversight of executive 6 Pros and Cons a Checks and Balances 1 consensual system of govt a opposition retains voice 2 but can lead to gridlock b president a national unifying leader 1 has independent legitimacy a can act in national interest 2 but can t make laws Without legislature 3 potential for strongman rule C singlemember district D proportional representation E federalism 1 Supporting Point 2 Supporting Point 11 Why Varieties of Democracy A Different conditions 1 ethnic and regional divisions 2 political culture and history 3 size B Different Goals 1 efficiency vs checks on power 2 representativeness vs moderation 3 Majority Rule vs Minority Rights 4 All of the above are tradeoffs C Second Point 1 Supporting Point 2 Supporting Point 111 Institutions and Politics A Balancing effectiveness and constraints 1 efficient govt gets things done 2 checks and balances defend liberty a but can create gridlock and dissatisfaction B Institutions shape party system 1 number of parties 2 strength of parties a both american parties are pretty weak b david cameron has strong parties 3 ideological space of parties IV Consensual vs Majoritarian A Consensual Systems 1 checks and balances 2 requires supermajorities and consensus 3 4 US rapid change difficult B Majoritarian Systems few checks on Victors l 2 3 simple majority sufficient rapid change possible 4 Britain V Parties across states A operate differently in different states B vary on 2 dimensions 1 2 number of parties a some nation states have 30 parties internal strength disciplineunity of parties C Party shaped by l 2 history institutions D party system can manage or exacerbate divisions E Institutional Arguments 1 electoral systems 2 executive legislative 3 central vs federal systems 4 other elements VI Possible Combinations 1 US a SMD b presidential 2 Brazil a PR b presidential 3 UK westminister model a parliamentary b SMD 4 Netherlands Israel Germany a PR b Parliamentary VII Electoral Systems A Electoral Systems in Divided Socities 1 Single Member Districts a centripetal tendencies b permanent minorities 1 can permanently lock out minorities 2 Proportional Representation a guarantee minority representation b May exacerbate divisions c empowered radicals in Sri Lanka VIII Single Member Districts 1 one Winner per district 2 variants a plurality systems b condorcet systems 1 condorcet Winner candidate Who beats every other candidate in a oneonone race c runoff systems 1 second round elections 2 instant runoff systems a how Australian elections go 3 southern american states do this IX Effects of SMD A TwoParty Systems 1 big tent parties 2 fighting over center 3 individual appeal matters 4 3rd parties prove to not be effective in elections B wasted votes 1 everyone Whose candidate doesn t Win doesn t have a voice X Gerrymandering A Utah most reliably conservative state democrats all live in Salt Lake City district lines are drawn to make each district mostly have republicans B North Carolina 12th XI Proportional Representation A Muliple Winners per district 1 allocated proportionally a Virginia congressional seats 2 Level of representation affected by a seats per district b size and diversity of district c minimum threshold requirements B Affects of PR 1 Many parties a internally disciplined ideologically unified 2 Wider range of views represented a no rush for the center 3 few major changes a landslide elections rare 4 consensual system a Vs SMD Majoritarian XII ClosedList PR A with proportional representation system you vote for party rather than candidate XIII Coalition Govt A if no singleparty majority must form a coalition B traditional partners C Grand Coalition D Minor parties become kingmakers E Collapse of Govt 1 If party leaves coalition and coalition loses majority a govt collapses b small parties gain leverage 2 Options a can form new coalition with new partners b can call new election c can govern in minority 1 but seldom lasts long F CoalitionBuilding in Germany A Potential Left Coalition G Coalition in Israeli Knesset
Are you sure you want to buy this material for
You're already Subscribed!
Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'