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Weeks 4 and 5 Notes com 101

by: Annabelle Hutson

Weeks 4 and 5 Notes com 101 Com 101

Marketplace > Washington State University > Communication > Com 101 > Weeks 4 and 5 Notes com 101
Annabelle Hutson
GPA 3.72
Media and Society

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These are the second half of week 4 and all of week 5 notes for com 101 with professor Taftlinger.
Media and Society
Class Notes
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Annabelle Hutson on Friday September 25, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to Com 101 at Washington State University taught by Taflinger in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 84 views. For similar materials see Media and Society in Communication at Washington State University.

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Date Created: 09/25/15
Com 101 Taftlinger Weeks 45 Notes Here are the notes from the second half of week 4 after the exam and week 5 notes Week 4 Print and Journalism News has always driven the plot of our social stories Events would have to be put into context to the social story Often in the old world this was explained in religion if something bad happened gods were displeased How we hear about news has changed over time In general people didn39t care about the outside world unless it got too close Printing was invented so new sheets were published They were not for average people they were for people with money They contained info for people with money and the info helped them make more money 19th century newspapers were started to be published for normal people News became an iatrical part of world view Newspapers had no pretense of objectivity 1833 The Sun was the first newspaper everyone could afford The penny press where the price was a penny and most people could afford it The battle for circulation turned news entertainment rather than actual news Canons ofjournalism and statement of principles 1923 Today we believe in the same thing that news providers provide the facts and then just let each person form their own opinions What is news The definition is fuzzy Criteria for newsworthiness O Timeliness hearing about something in time to do something about it 0 Proximity how close the news is to you and how major it is to your area 0 Prominence what makes someone prominent is that they are reported on but this is problematical O Consequence for it to be news it should affect people so they can make an informed decisions about what is being reported on O Rarity an event being out of the norm these are unusual 0 Human Interest What people have interest in often have no consequence in the real world Another definition This is a matter of opinion on what is important individual to each person and what is important in their world Week 5 Problems with Objectivity 0 Not everyone agrees on what objective is Says all points are of equal validity Concept of objectivity can be ta ken too far 0 Ignoring context 0 Not making judgement calls f providing all the details favors one view so if they do not include those details they cannot understand that side Two ways of writing news 0 Inverted Pyramid 0 Basics of the story in the first paragraph 0 Ensuing paragraphs provide more details 0 Hard news and news shorts 0 Feature Writing 0 Written as a story with exposition problem crises and complications and a climax 0 People in the story are presented as characters often as heroes villains and victims rather than well rounded people 0 Magazine news stories television news stories and newspaper articles and columns Future of newspapers 0 Actual numbers of newspapers is declining 0 As more people depend on modern media Technology they buy newspapers less and less 0 Newspapers cannot support themselves on subscriptions newsstands and ads 0 Newspapers have to live off these small funds so they cut costs by cutting important staff join a syndicate to share expenses sell subscriptions to online readers and they reduce operations 0 Newspapers cut the reporters in important places so they used to have reporters in DC but now they can39t Magazines 0 Not as many news magazines 0 Cannot compete on breaking news 0 Better indepth coverage 0 There are more details because there are specialists writing the articles and because it does not come out daily they spend even more time with it Radio 0 Sending sound through the air by attaching it to electric sound 0 Baghdad Battery 250 BCE sealed pottery jar and an iron cylinder and a copper rod filled with lemon juice to produce an electrical charge o In the 18th century electricity was taken seriously but for fun things 0 Other people started studying electricity to find out what it was 0 Luigi Galvani 1786 O Believed everything contained electricity 0 Alessandro Volta 1796 0 Thought Galvani was incorrect and made his own experiment to test if electricity could be made chemically Hans Christian Oersted 1820 O Demonstration that magnetism and electricity were not connected when they actually are William Sturgeon 1825 0 Created the first electromagnet Michael Fareday 1826 O Reversed Stugeon39s experiment Samuel FB Morse 1838 Sent a message down a wire For the first time a message could send over miles in an instant Morse code was created and thus lead to the telegraph O Takes a lot to learn to send the clicks and understand them Johannes Muller 1840 O Studying the senses and trying to figure if they were different Hemholtz 0 Student of Muller 0 Sang into piano to discover sound makes vibrations Leon Scott de Martinville O Phonautograph 18 0 Made it so sounds could be seen etched them into Smokey glass Bell and Gray both invented the telephone at the same time but Bell got to the patent office first so he gets all the credit Heinrich Hertz 1886 O Hemholtz students 0 Spark gap generator jumps the gap making the spark made a receiver to try to pick up the spark The receiver picked up the spark Demonstrated that electricity traveled through the air in frequencies just as it did through wires Guglielmo Marconi 1894 0 Added an antenna to the spark so it could go father 0 He made quotwireless telegraphyquot but people call it a radio Nikola Tesla O Figured how to boost power with the tesla coil 0 Raised the voltage of an electric current high enough Reginald Fessenden O Tried to send the first voice transmission without wires Ernst Alexanderson 0 Made a generator that was powerful to piggy back voice on radio waves going through the air 0 Finally radio is born Lee de Forest father of radio 0 He would just try to create things for fun 0 Took a Fleming valve vacuum tube added a bent wire and called it the audion tube 1904 and this amplified the tube Edwin Howard Armstrong 0 Took the audion tube and improved it 000 0 Designed regeneration so that whatever was put into the tube it was send back into the tube many times 0 Amplified radio signals and made good sound 0 Made the superheterodyne which was a receiver to put into the home and pick up signals Crystal Radio 0 Made from quaker oats boxes David Sarnoff First to see the potential for big radio Wasn t about the actual radio but rather what you could do with the radio Started at American Marconi office Knew wireless telegraphy was point to point media Radio was a broadcast medium rather than a point to point He wrong the quotradio music box memoquot to convince companies to invest in building broadcast buildings and selling broadcast music boxes Was named as commercial manager O In charge of RCA 0 American Marconi 0 General Electric 0 American telephone and Telegraph 0 Westinghouse 0 They used Armstrong39s inventions Radio stations start popping up all over the country KWSU KWSC is made on campus and it s the third in the world Every kind of entertainment was available on the radio 000000 0 Orson Welles 1938 Sound Recording Leon Scott de Martinville Thomas Edison tinfoil phonograph 1877 with the intention of being an answering machine but simply made something that could play back sound Chichester Bell and Tainter39s phonograph 1885 Problem could only make one at a time rather than making multiple Berliner Gramophone 1887 1890 the first juke box was created Eldridge Johnson got rid of the crank and put in a motor so that songs would no longer die during a song quotlittle nipperquot was a phonograph company with the dog listening to his master39s voice from the phonograph There was a race to advance the players more and more but there was a problem with production Mechanical Recording Session everyone would have to gather near the cone which limited how many musicians could be on the recording Electrical Recording Valdemar Poulsen 1897 made a way to record electrically Telegraphone 1915 it39s steel wire was weak and could not be replaced Fritz Pfleumer added magnetic wire to strips of paper The use of tape was a breakthrough BASFAEG magnetophone 1935 people were able to buy these magnetic recording things Carbon granule mic very poor quality mic and speakerphone Condenser Mic used 1925 needed a battery to power and susceptible to moisture Ribbon Mic Radio stations needed the records so that they could play things back rather than having a live band come in Radio was mostly entertainment and constantly needed new material Non main stream music came to a rise New forms of music became popular For 20 years the country was bound together by the radio as a common source of info and social norms 1952 Alan Freed quotfather of rock and rollquot he started making rock music a staple for the radio Music aimed at young people started being played more often 1944 Minnesota Manufacturing company came up with rust on tape to give greater sensitivity Reel to reel tape recorder Cassette Tape 1963 made from plastic and used small tape Norelco CarryCorder 1965 Sony Walkman personal carry your own music entertainment 1979 This was the beginning of decline of records Digital Revolution CD pits


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