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Bio 110 Week 6 Notes

by: Angelina Notetaker

Bio 110 Week 6 Notes BIOL 110 001

Angelina Notetaker
GPA 3.7
Biology Non-Majors
Thomas L. Kennedy

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About this Document

The topic for this week of notes are a continuation from week five notes the genetic code and how cells regulate gene expression. We also started learning about different animals around the would a...
Biology Non-Majors
Thomas L. Kennedy
Class Notes
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Angelina Notetaker on Friday September 25, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to BIOL 110 001 at University of New Mexico taught by Thomas L. Kennedy in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 20 views. For similar materials see Biology Non-Majors in Biology at University of New Mexico.


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Date Created: 09/25/15
Bio 110 Week 6 Notes Continuation from week 5 notes Back to Genetics and Inheritance 53 The Genetic Code 0 Universal Redundant unambiguous I Gene Expression 0 It s NOT a blue print of life It s more like a cookbook with notes Genes typically code for proteins Genes typically code for proteins Or their products Information ows from I DNA to mRNA to Proteins 0 Proteins are made in ribosome I Ribosomes are incredibly complex 0 O O O 54 Cells Regulate Gene Expression I Growth and Development I Allows cells to respond the environment 0 Like changes in your diet 0 DNA I mRNA I Protein I Activated Proteins 0 Genes aren t just on or off more like a volume I Lac Operon in bacteria 0 Turn down a gene when it s not needed 0 Rapidly dial up genes when they are needed I Very complicated in eukaryotes 0 Most interesting findings I Alternative mRNA splicing 0 Makes many more proteins than there are genes 0 Epigenetic inheritance 0 It s like annotating your cookbook 0 What happened to your grandparents could affect you O The Dutch Hunger Winter 1945 I The effects were inherited Even though there were no changes to the sequence of DNA Mutations Cool Animal I Darwin s Frog 0 The males give live birth to the young 0 Broods the young in his vocal sac 0 Male releases secretions to feed the tadpoles I Example Gastric brooding frog of Australia I Incubates eggs in its stomach I Only problem is that these kinds of frog are now EXTINCT 0 But there is still ideas of bringing species back to life Not dinosaurs O Frogs are not the only gastric and mouth brooders 0 Sea Horses 0 On the other hand the male sea horses also gives live birth but not in the same way as Darwin s Frog 0 The males even supply the egg with prolactin a home involved with milk production 55 Inheritance 0 Darwin s Dilemma 0 Early Theories I Acquired Characteristics I Blending Inheritance 0 Why we do not look identical but similar to I Our parents I Our siblings O Gregor Mendel I Started the field of genetics I Mendel determined the basics of inheritance 0 Traits are discrete entities 0 Disproved blending inheritance 0 Connection to biochemistry O The color of owers are produced by anthocyanin O A mutation led to the white ower 0 Mendelian Inhereitance I One gene ower color I Two alleles purple and white I Dominant purple I Recessive white I One copy of each allele from each parent 0 Thomas Hunt Morgan 0 The y lab 0 MUTATIONS 0 Homologous Chromosomes 0 Genes are on Chromosomes 0 Genetic Map Genes are linked Gene looi Dominant V aiiiiele la39t39ilri Typo P a b Re oessive aiiiele Genotype PP as Eb Homozygous Homozygous Heterozygous MM for the for the dominant alleiie recessive aiilele 0 Genetics is complicated Blood Groups 0 Example Eye color 56 Modern Advances in Genetics 0 Construct the tree of life 0 Learn about our ancestors 0 Map the human genome 0 Engineer bacteria to make medicine 0 GMOs 0 Transgenic Salmon End of Week 6 notes 0 Also Week 7 Notes will hopefully be upload by next Friday or Saturday at the latest Thank you for using Studysoup and have a great three day weekend


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